||Fisheries management. 2. The ecosystem approach to fisheries. 2.2 The human dimensions of the ecosystem approach to fisheries.
||These Guidelines have been developed in response to requests for further information
on the practical adoption and application of the ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF),
with a special focus on its human dimensions. As implementation of EAF is a human
pursuit and takes place in the context of societal goals and aspirations, the human
forces at play need to be understood and considered – these include policies, legal
frameworks, social structures, cultural values, economic principles, institutional
processes and any other relevant form or expression of human behaviour.
Human dimensions play four main roles in EAF: (1) social, economic and institutional
objectives and factors are driving forces behind the need for EAF management; (2) the
costs and benefits to individuals and to society of applying the EAF have social,
economic and institutional impacts and implications; (3) the application of social,
economic and institutional instruments are all crucial for successful implementation of
the EAF; and (4) social, economic and institutional factors present in fishery systems
can play either supporting or constraining roles in EAF implementation.
||Enabling environment for markets to improve livelihoods