Statistics
 

Food security indicators

Following the recommendation of experts gathered in the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement, hosted at FAO headquarters in September 2011, an initial set of indicators aiming to capture various aspects of food insecurity is presented here. 

The choice of the indicators has been informed by expert judgment and the availability of data with sufficient coverage to enable comparisons across regions and over time. Many of these indicators are produced and published elsewhere by FAO and other international organizations. They are reported here in a single database with the aim of building a wide food security information system. More indicators will be added to this set as more data will become available. 

Indicators are classified along the four dimension of food security -- availability, access, utilization and stability. 

Download data  (Last updated: 9 July 2015)

Type of indicator

Source

Coverage

 

 

 

Availability

 

 

Average dietary energy supply adequacy

FAO

1990-2016

Average value of food production

FAO

1990-2013

Share of dietary energy supply derived from cereals, roots and tubers

FAO

1990-2011

Average protein supply

FAO

1990-2011

Average supply of protein of animal origin

FAO

1990-2011

 

 

 

Access

 

 

Percent of paved roads over total roads

WB

1990-2011

Road density

International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic

1990-2011

Rail lines density

WB

1990-2012

Gross domestic product per capita (in purchasing power equivalent)

WB

1990-2013

Domestic food price index

FAO/ILO/WB

2000-2014

Prevalence of undernourishment

FAO

1990-2016

Share of food expenditure of the poor

FAO

partial

Depth of the food deficit

FAO

1990-2016

Prevalence of food inadequacy

FAO

1990-2016

 

 

 

Stability

 

 

Cereal import dependency ratio

FAO

1990-2011

Percent of arable land equipped for irrigation

FAO

1990-2012

Value of food imports over total merchandise exports

FAO

1990-2011

Political stability and absence of violence/terrorism

WB/WWGI

1990-2013

Domestic food price volatility

FAO/ILO/WB

2000-2014

Per capita food production variability

FAO

1990-2013

Per capita food supply variability

FAO

1990-2011

 

 

 

Utilization

 

 

Access to improved water sources

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2012

Access to improved sanitation facilities

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2012

Percentage of children under 5 years of age affected by wasting

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2014

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are stunted

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2014

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are underweight

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2014

Percentage of adults who are underweight

WHO

partial

Prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women

WHO/WB

1990-2011

Prevalence of anaemia among children under 5 years of age

WHO/WB

1990-2011

Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in the population

WHO

partial

Prevalence of iodine deficiency

WHO

partial

The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015