Statistics
 

Food security indicators

Following the recommendation of experts gathered in the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement, hosted at FAO headquarters in September 2011, an initial set of indicators aiming to capture various aspects of food insecurity is presented here. 

The choice of the indicators has been informed by expert judgment and the availability of data with sufficient coverage to enable comparisons across regions and over time. Many of these indicators are produced and published elsewhere by FAO and other international organizations. They are reported here in a single database with the aim of building a wide food security information system. More indicators will be added to this set as more data will become available. 

Indicators are classified along the four dimension of food security -- availability, access, utilization and stability. 

Download data  (Last updated: 15 September 2017)

Type of indicator

Source

Coverage

 

 

 

Availability

 

 

Average dietary energy supply adequacy

FAO

1999-2016

Average value of food production

FAO

1999-2014

Share of dietary energy supply derived from cereals, roots and tubers

FAO

1999-2013

Average protein supply

FAO

1999-2013

Average supply of protein of animal origin

FAO

1999-2013

 

 

 

Access

 

 

Rail lines density

WB

2000-2015

Gross domestic product per capita (in purchasing power equivalent)

WB

2000-2016

Prevalence of undernourishment

FAO

1999-2016

Prevalence of severe food insecurity in the total population

FAO

2014-2016

Depth of the food deficit

FAO

1999-2016

 

 

 

Stability

 

 

Cereal import dependency ratio

FAO

1999-2013

Percentage of arable land equipped for irrigation

FAO

1999-2014

Value of food imports over total merchandise exports

FAO

1999-2013

Political stability and absence of violence/terrorism

WB/WWGI

2000-2015

Per capita food production variability

FAO

2000-2014

Per capita food supply variability

FAO

2000-2013

 

 

 

Utilization

 

 

Access to improved water sources

WHO/UNICEF

2000-2015

Access to improved sanitation facilities

WHO/UNICEF

2000-2015

Percentage of children under 5 years of age affected by wasting

WHO/UNICEF/WB

2000-2016

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are stunted

WHO/UNICEF/WB

2000-2016

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are underweight

WHO/UNICEF/WB

2000-2016

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017