Statistics
 

Food security indicators

Following the recommendation of experts gathered in the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement, hosted at FAO headquarters in September 2011, an initial set of indicators aiming to capture various aspects of food insecurity is presented here. 

The choice of the indicators has been informed by expert judgment and the availability of data with sufficient coverage to enable comparisons across regions and over time. Many of these indicators are produced and published elsewhere by FAO and other international organizations. They are reported here in a single database with the aim of building a wide food security information system. More indicators will be added to this set as more data will become available. 

Indicators are classified along the four dimension of food security -- availability, access, utilization and stability. 

Download data  (Last updated: 11 September 2018)

Type of indicator

Source

Coverage

 

 

 

Availability

 

 

Average dietary energy supply adequacy

FAO

1999-2017

Average value of food production

FAO

1999-2016

Share of dietary energy supply derived from cereals, roots and tubers

FAO

1999-2013

Average protein supply

FAO

1999-2013

Average supply of protein of animal origin

FAO

1999-2013

 

 

 

Access

 

 

Rail lines density

WB

2000-2016

Gross domestic product per capita (in purchasing power equivalent)

WB

2000-2017

Prevalence of undernourishment

FAO

1999-2017

Prevalence of severe food insecurity in the total population

FAO

2014-2017

 

 

 

Stability

 

 

Cereal import dependency ratio

FAO

1999-2013

Percentage of arable land equipped for irrigation

FAO

1999-2015

Value of food imports over total merchandise exports

FAO

1999-2013

Political stability and absence of violence/terrorism

WB/WWGI

2000-2016

Per capita food production variability

FAO

2000-2016

Per capita food supply variability

FAO

2000-2013

 

 

 

Utilization

 

 

Percentage of population using at least basic drinking water services

WHO/UNICEF

2000-2015

Percentage of population using at least basic sanitation services

WHO/UNICEF

2000-2015

Percentage of population using safely managed drinking water services

WHO/UNICEF

2000-2015

Percentage of population using safely managed sanitation services

WHO/UNICEF

2000-2015

Percentage of children under 5 years of age affected by wasting

WHO/UNICEF/WB

2000-2016

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are stunted

WHO/UNICEF/WB

2000-2016

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are overweight 

WHO/UNICEF/WB

2000-2016

Prevalence of obesity in the adult population (18 years and older)

WHO

2000-2016

Prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age (15-49 years)

WHO/WB

2000-2016

Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding among infants 0-5 months of age

UNICEF/WB

2000-2017

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018