Statistics
 

Food security indicators

Following the recommendation of experts gathered in the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement, hosted at FAO headquarters in September 2011, an initial set of indicators aiming to capture various aspects of food insecurity is presented here.

The choice of the indicators has been informed by expert judgment and the availability of data with sufficient coverage to enable comparisons across regions and over time. Many of these indicators are produced and published elsewhere by FAO and other international organizations. They are reported here in a single database with the aim of building a wide food security information system. More indicators will be added to this set as more data will become available.

Indicators are classified along the four dimension of food security -- availability, access, utilization and stability. To further facilitate their interpretation they are also classified as indicators of determinants and outcomes of food insecurity. Determinants, which can be either static or dynamic, refer to structural conditions that worsen food insecurity in absence of adequate policy interventions, including emergency assistance. Outcome indicators capture results in terms of inadequate food consumption or anthropometric failures.

Download data  (Last Updated: December 20th, 2013)

Type of indicator

Source

Coverage

New

 

 

 

 

Availability

 

 

 

Average dietary supply adequacy

FAO

1990–2013

Food production index

FAO

1990–2013

 

Share of energy supply derived from cereals, roots and tubers

FAO

1990–2013

 

Average protein supply

FAO

1990–2013

 

Average supply of protein of animal origin

FAO

1990–2013

 

 

 

 

 

Physical access (conditions for physical access to food)

 

 

 

Percentage of paved roads over total roads

International Road Federation

1990–2009

 

Rail lines density

WB

1990–2010

 

Road density

WB, Transport Division

1990–2009

 

 

 

 

 

Economic access (affordability)

 

 

 

Food price level index

FAO/WB

1990–2010

 

 

 

 

Utilization

 

 

 

Access to improved water sources

WHO/UNICEF

1990–2010

 

Access to improved sanitation facilities

WHO/UNICEF

1990–2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inadequate access to food

 

 

 

Prevalence of undernourishment

FAO

1990–2013

 

Share of food expenditure of the poor

FAO

partial

Depth of the food deficit

FAO

1990–2013

Prevalence of food inadequacy

FAO

1990–2013

 

 

 

 

Utilization (food-related anthropometric failures)

 

 

 

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are stunted

WHO/UNICEF

1966–2010

 

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are wasted

WHO/UNICEF

1966–2010

 

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are underweight

WHO/UNICEF

1966–2010

 

Percentage of adults who are underweight

WHO

1974–2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic food price volatility

FAO/ILO

1990–2010

Per capita food production variability

FAO

1980–2010

Per capita food supply variability

FAO

1980–2010

Political stability and absence of violence/terrorism

WB WGI

1996–2010

 

Value of food imports over total merchandise exports

FAO

1990–2009

 

Percentage of arable land equipped for irrigation

FAO

1990–2009

 

Cereal import dependency ratio

FAO

1990–2009