Fishing EffortThe amount of fishing gear of a specific type used on the fishing grounds over a given unit of time e.g. hours trawled per day, number of hooks set per day or number of hauls of a beach seine per day. When two or more kinds of gear are used, the respective efforts must be adjusted to some standard type before being added.or:The total fishing gear in use for a specified period of time. When two or more kinds of gear are used, they must be adjusted to some standard type. Sometimes referred to as Effective fishing effort.
Fishing effort measuresThree levels of precision of fishing effort are identified in reporting forms. Data should be provided for all three levels indicated as categories.
Category A refers to a detailed unit of measure, e.g. hours fished or number of sets, etc. These units of measure will vary with the gear used.
For possible combinations of gear and effort see Annex N. I
Category Brefers to "number of days fished", i.e., the number of days on which fishing took place. For those fisheries in which searching is a substantial part of the fishing operation, days in which searching but no fishing took place should be included in "days fished" data.
Category C refers to "number of days on ground" in addition to days fishing and searching also all other days while the vessel was on the ground should be indicated.
Information on the percentages of the catches that have been pro-rated is useful as percent of pro-rated effort, not available when the data are 100 percent recorded.
CommentThe effort may be nominal, reflecting the simple total of effort units exerted on a stock in a given time period. It may also be standard or effective when corrected to take account of differences in fishing power and efficiency and ensure direct proportionality with fishing mortality. Relates usually to a specific fishery and gear. If more than one gear is considered, standardization in relation to one of them is necessary. For biologists, a good measure of fishing effort should be proportional to fishing mortality. For economists it should be proportional to the cost of fishing.
NoteData on fishing effort are collected by means of the statistical questionnaire STATLANT B now limited to area 21, Northwest Atlantic.
Ricker, W.E.Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletins of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 191:2-6.1975.