Food Loss and Waste in Fish Value Chains
©FAO/Lionel Dabbadie
  • Supportive Policy Environment
  • Application of Appropriate Technology
  • Skills and Knowledge
  • Services and Infrastructure
  • Regulatory Environment
  • Social and Gender Equity
  • Markets

Services and Infrastructure for Live Fish & Shellfish Transport

Key services and infrastructure for maintaining an efficient and effective and hence control food loss and waste (FLW) in a live fish transport system include: 

  • Modern wholesale markets and retail facilities for live products
  • Road, air and sea infrastructure
  • Port and border facilities
  • Energy
  • Water (seawater or freshwater, depending on species)
  • Food safety control
  • Investment and finance
  • Equipment supply and servicing
  • Packaging

Services & Infrastructure in Practice: Live Seafood Distribution on Hong Kong

Services & Infrastructure in Practice: Live Seafood Distribution on Hong Kong

An example of these methods put in practice is by the live seafood distribution sector in Hong Kong, where a live seafood distributor may own one or several vessels equipped with live fish holds. These vessels collect live seafood from marine fish farms. Live seafood can also be procured from marine fish farms close by in mainland China, and/or from live fish transport vessels that collect fish from fishermen or middlemen from a variety of foreign countries. Once the local Hong Kong distributing vessel has taken receipt of the live products, they are transferred to the land-based distributors either to be held in holding facilities or to be loaded onto live fish trucks equipped with aerators and conditioned water. The live fish are then distributed to retail markets and restaurants until sale. 

Key Publications

Development of Live Fish Transport Techniques

This report provides details of various aspects of live fish transport in three main areas: 1. Capture and pre-transport maintenance, 2. Packaging and live transport, 3. Post-transport maintenance.  

Synopsis of the Hong Kong Seafood Market

Provides key information on popular seafood items and product forms including live fish and shellfish, sales and restaurant venues, as well as Hong Kong consumer habits and trends.

Aquaculture in Transition

This study presents detailed findings from a field survey of Myanmar’s aquaculture value chain. The findings have important policy implications to help unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions.

More Resources

More Resources

The Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) coordinates the development of the Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification standards for seafood processing plants, farms, hatcheries and feed mills.
Provides key information on popular seafood items and product forms including live fish and shellfish, sales and restaurant venues, as well as Hong Kong consumer habits and trends.
This study presents detailed findings from a field survey of Myanmar’s aquaculture value chain. The findings have important policy implications to help unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions.