Food Loss and Waste in Fish Value Chains
©FAO/Lionel Dabbadie
  • Supportive Policy Environment
  • Application of Appropriate Technology
  • Skills and Knowledge
  • Services and Infrastructure
  • Regulatory Environment
  • Social and Gender Equity
  • Markets

Skills and Knowledge for Live Fish & Shellfish Transport

Some of the key skills and knowledge required by either fishers, traders or transporters in order to prevent and reduce food loss and waste (FLW) during live fish transport include:

  • Capture and pre-transport maintenance
  • Capture and handling techniques
  • Construction and maintenance of live fish holding facilities
  • Design and operation of recirculating filtration systems
  • Causes of mortality
  • Packaging techniques
  • Purging
  • Control of water quality
  • Water temperature effects
  • Transport methods – air, sea, road
  • Regulatory requirements

Technical facts may vary according to species and mode of transport. For example, fin-fish requirements may be different to those of crustaceans or molluscs. 

Key Publications

Development of Live Fish Transport Techniques

This report provides details of various aspects of live fish transport in three main areas: 1. Capture and pre-transport maintenance, 2. Packaging and live transport, 3. Post-transport maintenance. 

Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products

Codes of practice and guidelines designed to help meet standards and comply with legislation (e.g the Codex Alimentarius Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products).

Handling, storage and transport of Live Crabs and Lobsters

Comprehensive learning resource for anyone involved in live crustacean handling and trade.                                                                                                     

More Resources

More Resources

Global G.A.P.
01 January 2018
This publication is a market driven guide to sustainable aquaculture production. It includes key elements of food safety, environment, workers’ welfare (including health and occupational safety) and animal welfare.
This publication highlights key gender inequalities in fisheries and aquaculture value chains that lead to underperformance by women, and proposes good practice policies that can influence increases in production and processing of high-quality fish....
Global standard that presents information on freezing and cold storage practices which aim to reduce spoilage and waste.