Gender Equality in Land Management
The meaning of gender mainstreaming is understood as an effort to increase the equality of the rights of each person, regardless of gender, age and ethnicity. Included in the management of land management. In the concept of the project the ideals of the realization of gender equality as a target of target utilization are arranged in such a way as something that will be seen surface when the project is implemented and of course the most important thing is seen when measured regularly. But sometimes, many people forget that something that wants to be surfaced must have a strong basic support and aim equally at all aspects and levels.
To that end, before we roll into the details of the activities of the expectations we want so that gender equality is seen on the surface, the most important thing is the agreement of the implementation and project management team about the standards to be achieved, the agreement that it is true that everyone has the right to have equal access, participation, benefits and control . This agreement must be agreed upon not just written on the agreement, proposal or project guide but really agreed as a common goal and goal in the name of justice for all.
In land management, which is generally in developing countries, the closest to the profession or business in agriculture, social, cultural, norms, beliefs, community psychology, are the basic things that support what on the surface we call gender characteristics. Another support that will affect the gap is the economic level, where those who have higher resources and socioeconomic levels are easier to control the weak.
Government policies that encourage agricultural development in groups lead to positive and negative things. The gap between land users is still very high, especially for marginal groups such as small farmers, women, youth, and others. Women and youth, yes, they are finally given a little space to have control over land management, but once faced with group decision making, their voices are dim. While land management is generally agreed upon by group decisions.
Finally, membership, management, or usefulness arrangements move in such a way because of the desire to survive, where the strong will survive the weak will be eliminated. In this situation the gap will be clearly seen where generally the ones who control land management or agricultural activities are individuals who have power over the others. Compounded by the state agency or even the government itself does not see the surface of the problem but rather what is seen based on data on paper. As a result, efforts to regulate land management will be a program that is not well targeted.
In an effort to carry out gender equality efforts at every level, it is very important to pay attention to the social, cultural characteristics and all elements that influence and the approach given will differ from one another with the same goal. In other words, targeting accuracy is also the key to the realization of the ideals of gender equality in land management.
Therefore, there are several important stages in gender mainstreaming efforts in land management.
- Gender equality must be a definitive goal, not implicit.
- Commitments stated in the agreement on land management that every individual has the same rights in land management. It doesn't have to referring to group decisions.
- Regulations that land management is not intended for exploitative matters, subjectivity towards marginal groups, women and children or people with disabilities, and matters that can damage the environment.
- There must be a special budget to equalize perceptions and build gender awareness for all levels of the organizations involved. And this must be decided at the higher level, for example donors, not by the local government.
- Gender Awareness is given at every level / stakeholder / government / non-government. The facilitator is the main target that is built on gender awareness considering that it is the closest to the land manager. This activity must be agreed by all parties involved in the program related to land management.
- Identification of targets clearly and accurately based on data in the field. For example, landowners, both managers and not managers of land management must be involved in the socialization.
- Supporting activities or activities, including rewards, championships, youth capacity building and others.