本网站包含有关基本食品国内价格(主要是发展中国家)的最新信息和分析,是对粮农组织国际市场分析的补充。它提供了可能对粮食安全造成负面影响的国家一级高粮价预警。分析采用的所有数据均可见粮农组织全球信息和预警系统的食品价格数据和分析工具(FPMA Tool)。

  • 国际 - Firmer export prices of wheat and maize in January mainly due to a strong trade activity
  • 国际 - Export prices of rice edged up on easing harvest pressure and concerns over the potential impact of unfavourable weather on exporters’ outputs
  • 巴基斯坦 - Prices of wheat surged in recent months on account of tighter market availabilities
  • 津巴布韦 - Food prices continue to rise steeply reflecting supply shortages and a difficult macro-economic situation
  • 南部非洲 - Prices of maize rose further in January supported by tight supplies and weak currencies
  • 东部非洲 - High prices of coarse grains persist across the subregion due to an overall reduced 2019 cereal output and a difficult macro-economic situation
  • 阿根廷 - Prices of food items continued to increase in December and were higher year on year amidst high general inflation

国内价格预警

主要市场某一种或多种基本食品的价格处于异常高水平的国家(由价格异常指标 (IPA))计算得出,可能在国家一级对粮食获取造成负面影响

价格预警级别:  高度   中度 (基于GIEWS分析)

粮食政策和市场新闻

17/02/2020 - 
Prices of the key food staple, maize meal, continued to generally increase in December and were at exceptionally high levels. The elevated prices mostly result from sustained currency weakness and [...]
14/02/2020 - 
Procurement of the 2020 main “Maha” paddy rice crop has recently commenced. The Government set the minimum guaranteed price at LKR 50 per kg (USD 276 per tonne) for rice [...]
13/02/2020 - 
Consumer prices rose by 14.6 percent year on year in January, the highest annual rate since December 2010. The high inflation rate was mainly driven by the significant increases in [...]
07/01/2020 - 
On 24 December 2019, the Government announced the suspension of the 35 percent import duty on soft wheat, set in September last year (FPMA Food Policies), from 2 January to [...]
18/12/2019 - 
12月14日,政府取消了2018年9月开始实施的一系列产品每美元出口额4阿根廷比索的出口税率上限,包括小麦、玉米、高粱和大麦(FPMA粮食政策)。以往的出口税收执行税率根据阿根廷比索的汇率而调整,但从现在起将实行单一税率。对上述粮食品种将执行12%税率,不设金额上限。政府还暂时中止了出口登记,以便实行新的关税计划。该措施是在本国货币大幅贬值之后采取的,37/2019号法令颁布后立即执行,目的是增加国家收入。  
16/12/2019 - 
在粮食价格上涨的背景下,政府暂时下调了进口面粉的进口关税,从每公斤36斯里兰卡卢比下调至8卢比,12月14日起实行。此外,政府还对Samba和Nadu品种的稻米设定了每公斤98卢比的价格上限,并从国家储备中投放稻米,增加市场供应。在经过过去几个月较大幅度上涨之后,11月份糙白米价格比去年同月平均高出13%,原因是降雨不佳导致2019年次季作物减产,更加剧了季节性压力。面粉价格趋势相仿,但涨幅相对较小。
02/12/2019 - 
        11月28日,经济协调委员会(ECC)把小麦最低支持价格从先前宣布的每40公斤1 350巴基斯坦卢比(FPMA粮食政策)上调至1 365卢比。此次调整是根据农民和生产者协会以及联邦内阁和国民大会农产品专门委员会的反馈意见做出的,目的是保护生产者利益并确保粮食安全。
25/11/2019 - 
        11月底,津巴布韦政府宣布暂时取消对玉米和面粉的进口管制,原因是2019年旱灾减产造成了重要主粮供应紧张的局面。政府采取这一举措的目的是允许任何主体进口玉米、玉米粉和面粉,同时免除关税。