Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing

Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing remains one of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems due to its potent ability to undermine national and regional efforts to manage fisheries sustainably as well as endeavours to conserve marine biodiversity. IUU fishing takes advantage of corrupt administrations and exploits weak management regimes, in particular those of developing countries lacking the capacity and resources for effective monitoring, control, and surveillance (MCS). IUU fishing is found in all types and dimensions of fisheries; it occurs both on the high seas and in areas within national jurisdiction, it concerns all aspects and stages of the capture and utilisation of fish, and it may sometimes be associated with organized crime. Fisheries resources available to bona fide fishers are removed by IUU fishing, which can lead to the collapse of local fisheries, with small-scale fisheries in developing countries proving particularly vulnerable. Products derived from IUU fishing can find their way into overseas trade markets thus throttling local food supply. IUU fishing therefore threatens livelihoods, exacerbates poverty, and augments food insecurity.

In depth


This document is the second volume of a series of publications entitled “Checklists and technical guidelines to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing”. The present checklist is intended to be used in the review of national legal frameworks, including primary and secondaryfisheries legislation....
This checklist is a product of the FAO Global Programme to Support the Implementation of the Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA) and Complementary International Instruments and Regional Mechanisms to Combat IUU Fishing (hereinafter “the Programme”). The purpose of this document is to aggregate...
Don’t let the words put you off: Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has a greater impact on your life than you may realise. IUU fishing is one of the biggest threats to our oceans, impacting the sustainability of fisheries,...