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FAO in Kenya

Programmes and projects

The overarching goal of FAO’s Country Programme is to contribute to the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition in Kenya. The FAO Country Programming Framework (CPF) sets out priority areas to guide FAO’s partnership and support to the Government of Kenya (GoK) at both national and county level, bringing together innovative international good practices and global standards with national and regional expertise for the next four years from 2014 to 2017. The CPF was prepared following extensive consultation with the GoK and Development Partners through both consultative workshops in 2011 and 2014 and continuous bilateral discussion through 2012.

The CPF puts and immediate emphasis on reducing poverty and hunger in line with the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1 and 2 and building a more sustainable and competitive agricultural system that will contribute to the GoK’s goal of building a food secure and prosperous Kenya through a commercially-oriented and competitive agricultural sector.

The priority areas outlined in the CPF are closely aligned with the priority areas of the Government of Kenya as defined in the Medium-Term Plan (MTPII) of Kenya’s Vision 2030 and have been tailored to contribute to the achievement of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), building on FAO’s comparative advantage within the Agricultural and Rural Development sector. The five CPF priority areas, or outcomes, are also consistent with FAO’s sub-regional, regional and global priorities.

Throughout the CPF, FAO retains a focus on mainstreaming gender, HIV, disaster risk management (DRM) and nutrition issues. This mainstreaming is reflected in each of the outcomes of the CPF, all of which contribute to building resilience, closing the gender gap and improving the linkage between food production and adequate nutrition. These are reflected in each of the outcomes of the CPF, to ensure that efficient resources are invested in these critical areas.

Priority area 1. Agricultural-based livelihoods and sectors are supported by an enabling policy, strategy and investment environment that promotes equality and inclusivity

FAO supports both the national and county governments in the development, adaption and implementation of relevant policies, legislation, strategies and investment programmes by providing technical assistance for agricultural policy development. FAO also provides support to the national and county governments in monitoring the impact of agricultural policies and programmes.

Priority area 2. Productivity of medium and small-scale agricultural producers increased, diversified and aligned to markets

Under this outcome, FAO focuses on supporting medium and small-scale producers in the crop, livestock and fisheries sub-sectors, enhancing their productive capacity, promoting access to financial services and ensuring that surplus is sold on markets. A particular emphasis is being put on the empowerment of women and youth in all activities. Partnership is being developed with the private sector to enhance achievement of this outcome.

Priority area 3. Improved management of land, water and other natural resources for enhanced food security and socio-economic development at national, county and community level

FAO has a wide-ranging knowledge and experience in implementing sustainable natural resources management and climate change mitigation/adaptation programmes to address challenges in the agricultural sector. This experience is used to build institutional capacity at national, county and community level in sustainable land and water management (SLM), sustainable forest management (SFM), holistic natural resources management (HNRM), climate-smart agriculture, integrated pest-management (IPM), Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) and pesticide cycle management (PCM). FAO contributes to the development of a structured framework for partnership with national institutions, county governments, community groups, development partners and the private sector in order to support good practices in natural resource management.

Priority area 4. Improved livelihood resilience of targeted, vulnerable populations

There are many households in Kenya that either have insufficient agricultural assets to produce adequate foods for consumption or are too remote from markets to engage in commercialized production. These households represent some of the most vulnerable in the country, particularly in areas where there are limited options for alternative livelihoods. Building resilience for these vulnerable communities calls for an integrated approach that requires a broad range of expertise and input from all stakeholders. This outcome focuses on mitigating the impact of shocks, increasing livelihood options and improving adaptive capacity. It also supports gender and nutrition initiatives that enhance protection, safety and other needs of women and children.

Priority area 5. Access to and use of information, innovation, a global pool of knowledge and expertise drives holistic growth in the agricultural sector

Knowledge is central to all aspects of FAO’s programmes. FAO aims to effectively use its vast intellectual capital to support the CPF in achieving its objectives and results. This outcome focuses on knowledge generation through the use of innovative approaches, knowledge capture focusing on data collection and management, knowledge sharing through use of efficient and effective methodologies and technologies, knowledge application focusing on adaptive knowledge application and evidence-based decision support.