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Through knowledge, documentation and evaluation, this book links academic disciplines to convey the complexities and possibilities existing across drylands. The chapters draw together a great variety of global drylands. Research explores the Gobi Desert and China, Central Asia and the Middle East, as well as multiple African dimensions and Latin America. The aim is to understand the essential themes that arid and semi-arid regions encounter and engage with today. This interdisciplinary study reflects the vital links between social and environmental science in global deserts. Using mixed methodologies and varied techniques, the original work stresses today’s topical themes to present novel analyses. The book offers much to dryland researchers, stakeholders and importantly, policy makers, who shape the world’s vast desert landscapes.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

This publication constitutes a practical development tool, which implements the sustainable food value chain framework with a focus on small-scale livestock producers, targeting an audience of project design teams and policymakers. By integrating the concepts of value addition and the three dimensions of sustainability, the sustainable food value chain framework not only addresses questions concerning the competitiveness, inclusion and empowerment of small-scale producers, but also incorporates the cross-cutting issues that are increasingly embedded in development projects. These guidelines take the user through the different steps of value chain development, highlighting the particularities of the smallholder livestock sector, such as multi-functionality, specific production cycles or food safety issues, through concrete examples.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Value addition
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

The following paper is a report for Roads Less Travelled, a global partnership of DiversEarth, Yolda Initiative and Trashumancia y Naturaleza, which makes the case for mobile pastoralism (transhumance, nomadic and semi-nomadic pastoralism) at a global scale, through new research, support to pastoral communities, and through creative celebration of their knowledge and ways of life. This paper contributes to a stream of work by Roads Less Travelled on mobile pastoralists and protected areas.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Environmental services, Indigenous knowledge
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

This article illustrates how the introduction of modern geospatial surveying technology in Tanzania has failed to resolve a boundary conflict. The conflict exists between the state and nature conservation authorities on one side and a rural community of pastoralists on the other. The article shows how state and conservation officials have relied on the insights from fact-finding exercises to dismiss rural land use practices that are not represented in official maps. Pastoralists resist these state- and conservation-centered practices of fixed boundaries to maintain a historical, vital geography of seasonal access to pastures and water. In conclusion, this article highlights the pitfalls of geospatial land surveys and fact-finding exercises that unearth and lay bare a boundary conflict previously hidden from the state’s view. Through enhanced legibility, rural communities may become visible to the state, risking dispossession and evictions.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Conflict, Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

“Strengthening the Livelihoods Resilience of Pastoral and Agropastoral Communities in South Sudan’s Cross-border Areas with Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda” is a three-year project funded by European Union that aims to improve governance and conflict prevention to reduce forced displacement and irregular migration in the cross-border areas of South Sudan. This publication is a baseline study and its main objective is to collect information on the indicators that will be used to estimate the impact of the cross-border project after its three year implementation. An additional objective is to gain a better understanding of the drivers of instability and irregular migration, as well as of the determinants of food security and resilience. The primary tool used in this study is the RIMA-II model developed by FAO. This report presents the results of the baseline survey; it is based on data collected by FAO and partners during July - August 2017 under the nationwide Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring Survey (FSNMS), triangulated with qualitative data from secondary sources.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Conflict, Food security, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

This checklist seeks to provide companies with operational guidance on how to ensure due diligence when operating in areas where projects may affect indigenous peoples. Based on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and ILO Convention No. 169, this Checklist aligns the principles and rights in these two instruments with the human rights due diligence approach set out in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. It outlines key questions business should consider in engagement with indigenous peoples and their communities.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Indigenous peoples
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

La campagne agropastorale 2017/18 au Sahel a été marquée par un déficit et une mauvaise répartition spatio-temporelle des pluies. Une diminution importante de la production de biomasse, ainsi qu’un tarissement précoce des points d’eau ont été constatés dès la fin de la saison des pluies.

Les productions fourragères très faibles et quasi inexistantes dans certaines zones d’élevage en Mauritanie, au nord du Sénégal, au Sahel Burkinabé, au nord et à l’est du Niger, à l’ouest et à l’est du Sahel tchadien et par endroits au Mali, ont causé une soudure pastorale précoce ayant touché en particulier les populations rurales de ces zones ainsi que celles qui vivent dans les zones de concentration de bétail. Pour atténuer l’impact de la crise et renforcer la résilience des populations affectées, la FAO a conçu un mécanisme de réponse d’urgence qui a été mis en oeuvre par les bureaux de la FAO dans les six pays touchés – Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Sénégal et Tchad.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Environmental services, Resilience
Language: Français
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa

The 4th international civil society summit Désertif’actions took place in Ouagadougou – Burkina Faso from June 19 to 22 and gathered more than 380 participants from 40 countries, representatives of 230 multi-actors organizations : local communities, NGO, scientists, local communities, international organizations, public and private actors…

  • 4 themed workshops
  • 3 panels
  • more than 380 participants
  • 40 countries represented
  • 230 civil society organizations represented

This 4th edition was held in Africa for the first time, in a country where «19% of national territory lands are degraded and that has lost 2,4 millions hectares of forest, turned into savannah in 11 years». This situation reflects a Sahelian reality and more widely the fast spread of land degradation in the world.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification 
Topic: Environmental services, Indigenous peoples, Land
Language: English, Français
Type of document: Databases
Geographical coverage: Global
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