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GIEWS updates focus on developing anomalous conditions aimed at providing early warnings, as well as latest and more elaborate information than other GIEWS regular reports on the food security situation of countries, at both national and sub-national levels. This update focuses on the elevated risk of deterioration in food security in pastoral areas across the Sahel and the Lake Chad basin. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Food security, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa

There’s evidence that the intensity and frequency of climate-driven natural disasters and conflicts is increasing. Natural disasters now occur nearly five times as often as 40 years ago. Working with national governments and humanitarian, development and scientific partners, FAO’s Early Warning Early Action approach monitors risk information systems and translates warnings into anticipatory actions.

This study analyses the outcomes of early actions implemented in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia in 2017, evaluating how effective they were in mitigating the impact of severe drought on vulnerable pastoralist livelihoods and quantifying the benefits generated through acting early.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

This policy brief highlights the findings from the FAO report Resilience analysis of Karamoja, Uganda. It reveals that the totality of households living in the region reported drought, climatic conditions, pest diseases and high food prices as the most frequent shocks in the Karamoja region where, as a result, strengthening resilience is quite necessary, in all districts and especially in Kaabong, Amudat, Kotido, and Moroto.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

Mokoro’s Women’s Land Tenure Security Project (WOLTS) in Tanzania is investigating the state of women’s land tenure security in pastoral areas affected by mining. This report uncovers signifiicant stresses from mining, population growth and climate change as well as violence against women. It discusses possible means to improve gender equity in land tenure governance and secure the land rights of vulnerable people within communities, as well as support to communities to withstand threats to their land and natural resources. It concludes with comparative conclusions that shed light on the intersection of gender, land, pastoralism, and mining in Tanzania today. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Mokoro 
Topic: Conflict, Gender and youth, Social services
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

Tenure security has long been a fragile issue in Mongolia, with its legislature containing little guidance on tenure systems and governance of land, and further affected by changes towards a free market economy and rapid urbanization. This leaflet highlights FAO’s work in Mongolia building partnerships with national CSOs in carrying out awareness-raising and capacity development workshops to enhance civil society’s knowledge and understanding of the VGGT; Increase network and advocacy skills to defend their tenure rights and strengthen partnerships for wider application of the VGGT at all levels; and build capacities for effective participation in policy processes related to tenure reform processes and national VGGT multistakeholder platforms. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Central Asia

Pastoralism is a way of life, based on territorial mobility, adopted in response to the challenges faced by human communities living in harsh or difficult environments. For over a decade, IFAD strategic frameworks have listed ”pastoralists” among the vulnerable,marginalized, excluded or poorest groups. The pastoral development toolkit provides IFAD’s country programme managers, project design teams and implementing partners with guidance on how to engage in appropriate interventions in support of pastoralists.

The toolkit consists of three documents: The Teaser describes IFAD’s comparative advantage in pastoral development; The Lessons Learned reviews successful interventions in pastoral areas and; The How to do Note provides practical guidance on addressing pastoral development programmes and projects.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) 
Topic: Climate change, Economy, Environmental services, Food security, Organization, Resilience, Social services
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

The Near East and North Africa (NENA) region is mostly dry by nature because of its geographic location and climatic conditions. It is one of the world’s most water-scarce areas where drought is a familiar phenomenon. Studies which make up this report show that, even without drought, water is limiting both economic and social development in most countries in the region.  Although most countries are semi-arid, rainfall is important for producing most of the basic staple food crops and for maintaining the rangelands for livestock which are a major component of many family livelihoods, particularly among nomadic people.

This reports reviews drought and the way it is managed in the NENA region which is highly prone to the phenomenon, on one hand, and is highly vulnerable to it because of weak institutional and policy frameworks, on the other. The report constitutes a good basis to rethink policies and reformulate preparedness and response plans which can strengthen resilience to droughts in the region, taking into account the social, economic and environmental contexts specific to each country. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Near East, North Africa

Beni-Amer cattle owners in the western part of the Horn of Africa are not only masters in cattle breeding, they are also knowledge sovereign, in terms of owning productive genes of cattle and the cognitive knowledge base crucial to sustainable development.

In this book, the first to study Beni-Amer practices, Zeremariam Fre argues for the importance of their knowledge, challenging the preconceptions that regard it as untrustworthy when compared to scientific knowledge from more developed regions.

Empirical evidence suggests that there is much one could learn from the other, since elements of pastoralist technology, such as those related to animal production and husbandry, make a direct contribution to our knowledge of livestock production.Fre also argues that indigenous knowledge can be viewed as a stand-alone science, and that a community’s rights over ownership should be defended by government officials, development planners and policy makers, making the case for a celebration of the knowledge sovereignty of pastoralist communities.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Indigenous knowledge
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa
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