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Recurrent drought, degraded rangelands and reduced access to traditional grazing lands have left pastoral communities in the Horn of Africa’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) more vulnerable and facing severe livestock feed shortages. During dry spells, pastoral communities suffer from food and nutrition insecurity, as well as shrinking incomes occasioned by livestock losses and reduced livestock production. Climate change adds an extra layer of vulnerability to this already fragile ecosystem, exacerbating the underlying causes of poverty and food insecurity.During the past two decades, FAO and its partners have conducted Pastoralist Field Schools (PFS) in the Horn of Africa’s ASALs to address this challenging context. Specifically, this document describes how their recent experiences with PFS in Kenya and Ethiopia have contributed to restoring the livelihoods of livestock-dependent communities through improved pasture management.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Food security, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

The study contributes to the understanding of the dynamics of pastoralism and farming in Dar Sila in relation to its natural, social, and economic environment. The authors review the history of the development of pastoralism in Chad, look closely at pastoral systems in eastern Chad, review the policy and institutional context for pastoralism in Chad, and offer recommendations for practitioners working with pastoralist communities in Dar Sila and nationally in Chad.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Feinstein International Center 
Topic: Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa

Pastoralism as a concept continues to be misunderstood with pastoralists often on the receiving end of government marginalisation and harassment. This edition of the African Biodiversity Network newsletter addresses the challenges faced by pastoralists in the region and sheds light on the benefits of pastoralism at the community and national level. It highlights  the relationship between climate change and pastoralism, and showcases the plight of pastoralists in Tanzania through a case study. It also addresses the broader challenges faced by pastoralists in Eastern and Southern Africa like forceful evictions.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Climate change, Indigenous peoples, Land, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Newletters
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

Pratiqué par des populations vivant sur les parcours et exploitant des troupeaux d’herbivores domestiques, le pastoralisme est une activité agricole de production, une forme d'élevage extensif, qui suppose un rapport étroit entre l'espace pastoral, les hommes qui y vivent et les troupeaux qu'ils exploitent. Quelles que soient les régions du monde le concernant, les animaux conduits sur un mode extensif utilisent les ressources de la végétation naturelle, mais aussi d’autres ressources, fourrages ou aliments concentrés, associées à ce système alimentaire dominant

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: International Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM) 
Topic: Food security
Language: Français
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

This library contains articles, scientific publications, as well as new and updated documents on silvopastoral systems. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Economy, Environmental services, Food security, Innovation, Value addition
Language: English
Type of document: Databases
Geographical coverage: Global

’Land Rights in Africa’ site is a contribution to the land rights dialogue and related debates. A library of resources on land rights in Africa – with a particular focus on women’s land rights and on the impact of land grabbing in Africa – the portal has been well received by practitioners, researchers, and policymakers, and has grown considerably over the years. Since 2012, Mokoro has been hosting and maintaining the site.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Land
Language: English
Type of document: Databases
Geographical coverage: North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa

Mokoro’s Women’s Land Tenure Security Project (WOLTS) in Mongolia is investigating the state of women’s land tenure security in pastoral areas affected by mining. This report discusses possible means to improve gender equity in land tenure governance and secure the land rights of vulnerable people within communities, as well as support to communities to withstand threats to their land and natural resources. The report shares findings from Mongolia – a country that is well-known for both its longstanding traditions of nomadic herding and its mining boom over the past two decades. It concludes with comparative conclusions that shed light on the intersection of gender, land, pastoralism, and mining in Mongolia today. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Economy, Gender and youth, Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: South Asia

A report on a FAO/WFP Crop and Livestock Assessment Mission to Mongolia in 2017, prompted by the prolonged drought from mid-May to end-July that sharply reduced the 2017 crop output and depleted rangeland conditions, raising serious concerns over the impact on livestock ahead of the winter/spring period. It estimates the impact of the dry weather on the 2017 wheat, potatoes and vegetable production; the impact on hay production and fodder supplies for the livestock sector for the forthcoming winter/spring months and; the impact of the drought on households, their coping strategies and contingency plans in view of the coming winter. 

Year of publication: 2017
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: South Asia
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