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In many countries, pastoralism has historically been practiced in areas that are now partitioned by international boundaries. This is a major barrier to sustainable resource management and to pastoral development. However, there are examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists. This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within their landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) 
Topic: Conflict, Land, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

The case-study presents the case of the appropriation of pastoral lands by the coming of large-scale extractive industries in Turkana, Kenya. The case-study is meant to raise awareness among the general audience regarding the precarious situation of the pastoralists in the context of this new socio-economic development and lack of secure land tenure. At the same time, it provides this information as a case to local and global civil society, experts, institutions and policy makers. Moreover the document makes some recommendations regarding the scope and applicability of the VGGTs, especially the technical guide on improving the governance of pastoral lands in this context.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Indigenous peoples, Land, Organization, Participation, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

The publication is an informational pamphlet on the VGGT guide on improving the governance of pastoralist lands. The pamphlet is meant to be a tool for civil society to informa pastoralist communities regarding the VGGT and its applicability in securing their rights to resources. At the same time the pamphlet also speaks to local administrators regarding the principles enshrined in the VGGT. This audience is chosen to raise awareness regarding the VGGT as a country endorsed mechanism for securing land resources and livelihoods for pastoralist communities.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Indigenous peoples, Land, Organization, Participation
Language: Kiswahili
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

Combien de temps peut durer une transhumance ? Qui part et avec quels animaux ? Les éleveurs mobiles contribuent-ils à l’économie locale des régions où ils se rendent ? De quelles façons s’informent-ils ? Traversent-ils tous des frontières internationales ? Vendent-ils du bétail ? Cette brochure résume les principales conclusions d’une étude menée par Acting for Life auprès de familles transhumantes, suivies de 2014 à 2017 dans le cadre du Programme BRACED.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: International Cooperation Centre of Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD) 
Topic: Climate change, Conflict, Economy, Food security, Healthcare, Indigenous knowledge, Land, Resilience, Social services, Value addition
Language: Français
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa, Central Africa

Securing rangelands is an important ongoing debate because of the complex planning needed for their use and their lack of recognition or protection. The Land Portal Foundation and the Rangelands Initiative of the International Land Coalition facilitated an online debate wherein potential solutions were discussed for making rangelands more secure. This opened up space for dialogue on these issues, helped identify good practice and develop some agreement about what should be prioritised. The summaries of these debates are presented in this paper.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Individual authors, International Land Coalition (ILC) 
Topic: Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

GIEWS updates focus on developing anomalous conditions aimed at providing early warnings, as well as latest and more elaborate information than other GIEWS regular reports on the food security situation of countries, at both national and sub-national levels. This update focuses on the elevated risk of deterioration in food security in pastoral areas across the Sahel and the Lake Chad basin. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Food security, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa

There’s evidence that the intensity and frequency of climate-driven natural disasters and conflicts is increasing. Natural disasters now occur nearly five times as often as 40 years ago. Working with national governments and humanitarian, development and scientific partners, FAO’s Early Warning Early Action approach monitors risk information systems and translates warnings into anticipatory actions.

This study analyses the outcomes of early actions implemented in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia in 2017, evaluating how effective they were in mitigating the impact of severe drought on vulnerable pastoralist livelihoods and quantifying the benefits generated through acting early.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

This policy brief highlights the findings from the FAO report Resilience analysis of Karamoja, Uganda. It reveals that the totality of households living in the region reported drought, climatic conditions, pest diseases and high food prices as the most frequent shocks in the Karamoja region where, as a result, strengthening resilience is quite necessary, in all districts and especially in Kaabong, Amudat, Kotido, and Moroto.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa
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