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Un bilan fourrager évalue les ressources en aliments pour animaux, y compris les fourrages, et les compare aux besoins des animaux d’élevage. Il fournit des informations aux décideurs politiques, aux producteurs et aux acteurs du secteur de l’élevage en général afin d’améliorer leur planification et leur évaluation du secteur. Dans la région du Sahel, le bilan fourrager est un outil essentiel pour les systèmes d’alerte précoce. Il est conçu et utilisé par les services techniques des pays sahéliens comme outil prospectif établi en fin d’année pour couvrir la saison sèche à venir.

 Ces directives pour établir des bilans fourragers tiennent compte des spécifictés des systèmes pastoraux et agropastoraux du Sahel que sont la saisonnalité des disponibilités fourragères et des performances animales, la part majoritaire des fourrages grossiers dans les rations et la mobilité des animaux et des pasteurs.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Food security, Innovation
Language: Français
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa, Central Africa

Small ruminants are the main source of livelihood for the rural agropastoralists and are important assets in lowlands and highlands of Ethiopia. Transboundary animal diseases (TADs) are a significant cause of reduced production and productivity to the pastoral communities in Ethiopia. TADs like Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), Sheep and Goat Pox (SGP) and Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP) have contributed to a high level of sheep and goat mortality, especially in lambs and kids. The “Pursuing pastoralist resilience through improved animal health service delivery” project implemented by FAO between 2014 and 2020, was designed to support the Government of Ethiopia in strengthening the surveillance system for most TADs. The project had a primary focus to implement a progressive control programme for Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR).

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Resilience, Social services
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa

This technical report compiles and organises an intense shared effort to address the role of grazing in adaptation and fighting against climate change. The report collects up-to-date technical and scientific information about greenhouse gases behaviour in pastoralist systems, their emissions, their relationship with grazed ecosystems, their coping capacity and their potential to mitigate the effects of climate change.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Climate change
Language: English, Español
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

The outcome of the pastoral campaign in the Niger was limited, mainly due to insecurity, which is disrupting the mobility of herds in certain regions − Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua and Tillabéry. This is threatening the livelihoods of pastoralists, especially of those most vulnerable. Limited access to and availability of fodder for livestock are putting pastoral and agropastoral livelihoods at risk. Mobility restrictions for both people and goods as a result of armed group activities, and the subsequent security measures taken by authorities, contribute to limiting access to markets for pastoralists to sell their livestock or animal products (milk and cheese) as well as to resources such fodder and water to for their livestock. In 2020, FAO plans to implement a series of activities aiming at assisting pastoral households who are vulnerable to the fodder deficit and insecurity.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Conflict, Food security, Resilience
Language: English, Français
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa

Ce guide constitue un outil à destination des acteurs de terrain au Niger. Il vise à contribuer à l'amélioration de la gouvernance foncière pastorale et en particulier à la prévention et à la résolution des conflits et au développement de processus de concertation inclusifs.

Le guide est unique car il est élaboré en collaboration avec un pour les éleveurs au Niger. Il sera un outil concret pour aider les acteurs à résoudre les conflits liés à l'accès aux ressources naturelles au niveau local.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Conflict, Indigenous knowledge, Land, Participation
Language: Français
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa

Through knowledge, documentation and evaluation, this book links academic disciplines to convey the complexities and possibilities existing across drylands. The chapters draw together a great variety of global drylands. Research explores the Gobi Desert and China, Central Asia and the Middle East, as well as multiple African dimensions and Latin America. The aim is to understand the essential themes that arid and semi-arid regions encounter and engage with today. This interdisciplinary study reflects the vital links between social and environmental science in global deserts. Using mixed methodologies and varied techniques, the original work stresses today’s topical themes to present novel analyses. The book offers much to dryland researchers, stakeholders and importantly, policy makers, who shape the world’s vast desert landscapes.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

This publication constitutes a practical development tool, which implements the sustainable food value chain framework with a focus on small-scale livestock producers, targeting an audience of project design teams and policymakers. By integrating the concepts of value addition and the three dimensions of sustainability, the sustainable food value chain framework not only addresses questions concerning the competitiveness, inclusion and empowerment of small-scale producers, but also incorporates the cross-cutting issues that are increasingly embedded in development projects. These guidelines take the user through the different steps of value chain development, highlighting the particularities of the smallholder livestock sector, such as multi-functionality, specific production cycles or food safety issues, through concrete examples.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Value addition
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

The following paper is a report for Roads Less Travelled, a global partnership of DiversEarth, Yolda Initiative and Trashumancia y Naturaleza, which makes the case for mobile pastoralism (transhumance, nomadic and semi-nomadic pastoralism) at a global scale, through new research, support to pastoral communities, and through creative celebration of their knowledge and ways of life. This paper contributes to a stream of work by Roads Less Travelled on mobile pastoralists and protected areas.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Environmental services, Indigenous knowledge
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global
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