Pesticide Registration Toolkit

Terms and definitions G

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Applies to agents or processes which alter the structure, information content, or segregation of DNA, including those which cause DNA damage by interfering with normal replication processes, or which in a non-physiological manner (temporarily) alter its replication. Genotoxicity test results are usually taken as indicators for mutagenic effects. (also see mutagen) [Source: GHS]

Germ cell mutagen:

Chemical that may cause heritable mutations in the germ cells of humans, that can be transmitted to the progeny. (also see mutagen). [Source: GHS]

Good Agricultural Practice (GAP):

In the use of pesticides includes the officially recommended or nationally authorized uses of pesticides under actual conditions necessary for effective and reliable pest control. It encompasses a range of levels of pesticide applications up to the highest authorized use, applied in a manner which leaves a residue which is the smallest amount practicable. [Source: International Code of Conduct]

Good Experimental Practice (GEP):

Measures taken and practices followed with respect to organization, design, conduct, monitoring, recording and reporting of efficacy trials of plant protection products, with the aim to ensure that the trial and its results are reliable, comparable and transparent. [Source: FAO Efficacy guidelines]

Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) principles:

Fundamental rules incorporated in OECD guidelines and national regulations concerned with the process of effective organization and the conditions under which laboratory studies are properly planned, performed, monitored, recorded, and reported. [Source: IUPAC]