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Sustainable Development Goals
Around 836 million people live in extreme poverty. The Majority live in Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
78 percent of the world’s extreme poor live in rural areas, with the majority dependent on agriculture.
About one in five people in developing regions are poor.

No poverty

Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. It also reflects a lack of opportunities and capabilities in many interlinked areas, including insecure access to food, lack of access to education, employment, healthcare, drinking water and sanitation, lack of political participation, insecure personal safety conditions, and lack of productive opportunities deriving from eroding natural resource bases.

Rural poverty counts for more than three-quarters of extreme poverty. One of many development actors working to reduce poverty, FAO’s comparative advantages lie in its integrated people-centred approach to rural poverty reduction, an approach very much in keeping with sustainable development.

Investing in rural people by establishing social protection systems, building rural-urban linkages and defining policies focused on boosting the incomes of the critical agents of change - smallholder producers, foresters, fisherfolk, indigenous people, rural women and youth - have the potential to produce dramatic and lasting effects on the economies of developing countries.

Central to its mission, FAO contributes to the elimination of rural poverty by developing the capacity of governments and other stakeholders to strengthen rural institutions and organizations that empower rural people, with a focus on the most marginalized.

Find out more

FAO Publications

The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 in Brief (SOFA)

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, yet many others lag behind and the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger.[...]

Social protection for food security

Social protection for food security. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security[...]

Strategic work of FAO to Reduce Rural Poverty

FAO helps countries achieve SDG1 (No poverty) and SDG2 (Zero hunger) by improving the livelihoods of poor and extreme poor rural people, including smallholders and family farmers[...]

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