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Sustainable Development Goals
Malnutrition is the single largest contributor to disease in the world.
Almost half of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition.
HIV is the leading cause of death for women of reproductive age worldwide.

Good health and well-being

Good health starts with nutrition. Without the security of daily food (nutrients, calories, vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients), humans cannot live, learn, prosper or lead healthy and productive lives.

Firstly, food must be safe. With a large quantity and variety of food travelling the globe today, the Codex Alimentarius or "Food Code", established by FAO and the World Health Organization in 1963, has never been more relevant in developing harmonised international food standards that protect consumer health and promote fair practices in food trade. FAO works to strengthen the capacities of governments and private sector institutions, ensuring food quality and safety throughout the food chain, from production and processing, to retail and consumption.

FAO also helps households, communities and countries diversify their food production and access more diverse diets through income generation and livelihoods support.

Improving maternal health is key to saving the lives of millions of women each year and breaking the vicious cycle that perpetuates poverty, hunger and malnutrition from one generation to the next.

Heavy workloads, combined with poor diets and frequent pregnancies, severely weaken women’s health. FAO prioritizes women and girls’ nutrition and promotes nutrition awareness among women, especially in rural areas.

Curbing endemic disease burdens such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, brucellosis, rabies or the ever-present threat of pandemic influenza can also have a significant impact on food security and nutrition.

Over 70 percent of human diseases originate in animals. Healthy animals contribute to healthy people and to sustainable food production. FAO contributes to improving animal health by promoting approaches aimed at making animal production more efficient and sustainable, and in establishing best practices in preventing and controlling diseases which threaten animal production, public health and trade.

Find out more

FAO Publications

Fruit and vegetables for health initiative

Since 2003, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) of the United Nations have been leading the global initiative “Promotion of Fruit and Vegetables for Health” (PROFAV)[...]

Supporting livelihoods and building resilience through peste des petits ruminants (PPR) and small ruminant diseases control

This present document is intended to share the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’[...]

Tackling climate change through livestock

An important emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG), the livestock sector also has a large potential to reduce its emissions. This is the main conclusion drawn by the report “Tackling climate change through livestock[...]

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