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Sustainable Development Goals
An estimated one-third of the food we produce is lost or wasted.
1.4 billion people around the world do not have access to modern electricity services.
Modern food systems are heavily dependent on fossil fuels, consuming about a third of the world’s available energy.

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and clean energy for all

Energy has a key role in achieving food security and better nutrition. Modern food systems are heavily dependent on fossil fuels, consuming around 30 percent of the world’s available energy and producing more than 20 percent of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.

To deliver more food with less and cleaner energy, food and agriculture systems will gradually need to decouple from fossil fuel dependence and embrace renewable energy sources that reduce impacts on climate change while ensuring food security. Achieving the transformation to energy-smart food systems will require coordination in policymaking, appropriate legal frameworks and a comprehensive multi-stakeholder dialogue to support action.

Under the Energy-Smart Food Programme, FAO supports countries access modern energy services in food systems by improving energy efficiency, increasing use of renewable energy and promoting a water-energy-food nexus approach.

Find out more

FAO Publications

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus - A new approach in support of food security and sustainable agriculture 

Water, energy and food are essential for human well-being, poverty reduction and sustainable development. [...]

How2Guide for Bioenergy

As a flexible and competitive source of renewable energy, bioenergy can play a key role in decarbonising energy systems by responding to the needs of a wide range of demand profifiles in the electricity, building, and transport sector[...]

Energy-Smart Food for People and Climate - Issue Paper

The aim of this paper is to discuss how the entire food sector, from the farmer’s fi eld to the consumer’s plate, can become more ‘energy smart[...]

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