Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 14.6.1 - Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

The indicator focuses on the effort to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) through the effective implementation of key international instruments. This indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 14.6.

By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation.

Progress in the degree of implementation of instruments to combat IUU fishing, 2018 - 2020


Together with the other indicators under SDG 14, it will form a picture of marine activity giving countries intelligence on optimum levels of fishing, aquaculture expansion and fair and secure access to living aquatic resources.

Key results

The percentage of Members identifying IUU fishing as a problem has dropped to 79 percent (it was 90 percent in 2013). Sixty-nine percent of these countries have drafted a National Plan of Action on IUU fishing (NPOA-IUU), of which 84 percent have started implementing it. Eighty-two percent of the countries which had not yet drafted an NPOA-IUU declared their intention to draft one. However, almost all Members reported having taken measures to combat IUU fishing, most importantly through the improvement of coastal State controls and MCS (75 percent) and legal frameworks (70 percent).

Responses to several sections within the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) questionnaire regarding the implementation of different international instruments used to combat IUU fishing will be used within an algorithm to obtain a score for this indicator. 

The final methodological proposal for this indicator was approved by the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) Bureau in July 2017.

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