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Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Indicator 2.3.1 - Productivity of small-scale food producers

Indicator 2.3.1 - Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming / pastoral / forestry enterprise size

This indicator refers to the value of production per labour unit operated by small scale producers in the farming, pastoral and forestry sectors. Data will be produced by classes of enterprise size. The indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 2.3.

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and nonfarm employment.

Impact

Together with indicator 2.3.2, it offers a complete breakdown of who small-scale producers are, what they earn and how much they produce. These indicators are vital for government efforts to drive the nation’s economy, eliminate hunger and poverty and reduce inequality.

Key results

A global definition of “Small-Scale Food Producer”

Small-scale food producers are key to sustainable development. The vast majority of the world’s food is produced by family farms, which also house the majority of poor and hungry people worldwide. In 2017 FAO has proposed an operational definition of small-scale food producers, which is a key pre-requisite for monitoring SDG indicators 2.3.1 and 2.3.2, and has launched a Global Consultation for Member on this topic. The Consultation generated a wide and lively debate. Member countries have provided extensive comments and suggestions, and have tested the methodology proposed by FAO. Their contributions helped to reach consensus on the methodology for identifying small-scale food producers, which was agreed and validated in September 2018 by the IAEG-SDG. On this basis, SDG indicators 2.3.1 and 2.3.2 were re-classified as Tier II. Details on the methodology for identifying small-scale food producers and measuring SDG indicators 2.3.1 and 2.3.2 are available in this Methodological Note.

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