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Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Indicator 2.3.1 - Productivity of small-scale food producers

Indicator 2.3.1 - Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming / pastoral / forestry enterprise size

This indicator refers to the value of production per labour unit operated by small scale producers in the farming, pastoral and forestry sectors. Data will be produced by classes of enterprise size. The indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 2.3.

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and nonfarm employment.


Together with indicator 2.3.2, it offers a complete breakdown of who small-scale producers are, what they earn and how much they produce. These indicators are vital for government efforts to drive the nation’s economy, eliminate hunger and poverty and reduce inequality.

Key results

Towards a global definition of “Small-Scale Food Producer”

Small-scale food producers are key to sustainable development. The vast majority of the world’s food is produced by family farms, which also house the majority of poor and hungry people worldwide. Despite the central position occupied by small-scale agriculture in the current development debate, a general and operational definition of small-scale food producers still does not exist. FAO launched a Global Consultation for Member countries and stakeholders aimed to outline an international definition of “Small-Scale Food Producer”. More details on the FAO proposal are available in this Technical Note.

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