Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 2.5.2 - Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction

The indicator presents the percentage of local livestock breeds among local breeds with known risk status classified as being at risk of extinctions at a certain moment in time, as well as the trends for this percentage. The indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 2.5.

Target 2.5

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

Risk status of the local livestock breeds in the world, 2000-2019


Information collected for this indicator is key to safeguard precious animal varieties and support the livelihood of the world's population with sufficient, diverse and nutritious diets long into the future. 

Key results

Out of 7 155 local breeds (i.e. breeds occurring in only one country, not extinct), 1 940 are considered to be at risk of extinction. However, for 4 668 of them, the risk status remains unknown due to a lack of data or updated data.

Results between regions differ: In Europe among the breeds with known risk status, 84% are considered to be at risk, while this proportion is 44% for South America and 71% for Southern Africa. Due to the scarce information reported, results for other regions are considered to be not representative.

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