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Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Indicator 2.5.2 - Risk status of livestock breeds

Indicator 2.5.2 - Proportion of local breeds, classified as being at risk, not-at-risk or unknown level of risk of extinction

The indicator presents the percentage of livestock breeds classified as being at risk, not at risk or of unknown risk of extinction at a certain moment in time, as well as the trends for those percentages. The indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 2.5.

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

Impact

Information collected for this indicator is key to safeguard precious animal varieties and support the livelihood of the world's population with sufficient, diverse and nutritious diets long into the future. 

Key results

Out of 7 155 local breeds (i.e. breeds occurring in only one country, not extinct), 1940 are considered to be at risk of extinction. However for 4 668 of them the risk status remains unknown due to a lack of data or updated data.

Results between regions differ: In Europe among the breeds with known risk status 84% are considered to be at risk, while this proportion is 44% for South America and 71% for Southern Africa. Due to the scarce information reported,  results for other regions are considered to be not representative.

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