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FAO in Viet Nam

Programmes in Viet Nam

The CPF 2017- 2021 was prepared following consultations and agreement with key public institutions; principally different agencies belonging to the Ministries of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment (MONRE) and Ministry of Health (MOH).  The formulation of the CPF involved an iterative review of national policy priorities for the development of food, agriculture, forestry, fisheries and rural areas in the context of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well as the analysis of major ongoing and planned development programmes in Viet Nam. Lessons learned and the recommendations of midterm review made by the independent evaluation of its Country Programming Framework for Viet Nam 2012-2016 have been taken into considerations. Other inputs for this CPF are the FAO's Corporate Strategic Objectives revised for the medium term period 2018-2021, FAO’s Regional Priorities, and relevant initiatives and programmes of the UN, including the UN One Strategic Plan (OSP) and Zero Hunger Challenge (ZHC) Initiative.

FAO will support Viet Nam to achieve the SEDP Outcome 5 “Improved access to social services” with the target of under five stunting rates reduced to 23% in 2020. This priority area will be related to One UN Outcome Equity in Health and the FAO Regional Priorities Contribute to eliminate hunger and malnutrition and ensure food security and Improving agricultural systems and food more efficiently and have access to everyone.

Viet Nam has achieved the national food security with exportation an important quantity during last 20 years, however food security has been characterized with self-sufficiency practices by smallholders, and improved food access but unsatisfactory food utilization in the past years. Stability of food security is challenged by climate extremes including flood and severe droughts. The Government has committed to end hunger and child malnutrition and ensure national food security in relevant policies, especially the National Nutrition Strategy (NNS) to 2020. In addition, the trend of food safety incidences in Viet Nam increases during the last decade, which signals the urgent need to strengthen public and private sector

FAO will support Viet Nam to implement the Green Growth Strategy (GGS), and to address the climate change mitigation (CCM), natural resource management (NRM) and environment protection aspects under the SEDP Outcome 6 “Addressing climate change impacts and improved natural resources management and environment protection” in which the target of 42% forest coverage by 2020 has been set. In addition, FAO will help Viet Nam to implement the Paris Agreement by reducing Green House Gas (GHG) emissions of 8% by 2030 , particularly: (i) support Vietnam to develop and implement policies on promoting renewable energy, firstly solar and wind energy; (ii) support Vietnam to develop and operate the national GHG inventory system; (iii) develop domestic carbon market and pilot in potential fields This priority area is related to One UN Outcomes Low-carbon, climate and disaster resilient development and Sustainable management of natural resources and environment, as well as FAO Regional Priority Growth and improving the supply of goods and services from agriculture, forestry and fisheries towards sustainability.

FAO will support Viet Nam to achieve the SEDP Outcome 2 “Breakthrough in the economy restructuring, productivity and competitiveness”, particularly the National Target Program for New Rural Development (NTP-NRD) with the targets, by 2020, of 50% communes satisfying new rural development standards, and rural income to hit 1.8 times higher than 2015 . It also sets to contribute to SEDP Outcome 5 “Improved access to social services” and National Target Program Sustainable Poverty Reduction (NTP-SPR), with targeted annual reductions in poverty of 1-1.5% during 2016-2020 . This priority area will be related to One UN Outcomes Poverty and Vulnerability Reduction, Inclusive labor market and expansion of opportunities for all and FAO Regional Priority Poverty Reduction in Rural area.

In the recent years, the most important shocks for small-scale production systems are natural disasters and emergencies in aquatic and zoonotic pests and diseases. The Government has identified urgent tasks, including the updates on country’s contribution into the Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) (as specified in NDC Action Plan) to inform global assessments, development of a National Adaptation Plan for agriculture sector, assessment of climate change vulnerability, risks, losses and damages as well as adaptation needs. By 2021, it aims to achieve at least five field-tested models on Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) in at least one sub-sector of crop production or aquaculture.

FAO will therefore support Viet Nam to achieve the Climate Change Adaptation (CCA)/Disaster Risk Management (DRR) aspects under the SEDP Outcome 5 “Improved access to health services” and Outcome 6 “Addressing climate change impacts and improved natural resources management and environment protection” and the National Strategy for Disaster Prevention and Control 2007-2025. This priority of increased resilience of communities will be related to One UN Outcomes Equity in Health and Low-carbon, climate and disaster resilient development.