FAO emergencies and resilience


By the end of 2022, the Global Report on Food Crises recorded the highest-ever levels of acute food insecurity – affecting a quarter of a billion people in 53 countries – in spite of the highest ever levels of funding for humanitarian response.

Throughout 2023, needs remained unacceptably and stubbornly high: 258 million people in 53 countries were acutely food insecure. Concurrently, humanitarian budgets began tightening, leaving millions without assistance.

Food crises continue to dominate the global outlook for 2024. Extreme weather events driven by the climate crisis are interacting with new and intensifying conflicts and economic instability, pushing humanitarian needs higher.

The reality of high needs and likely further contraction of bilateral donor funding means that the 2024 humanitarian response planning process must further sharpen its focus on those most at risk and the most cost-effective ways to meet their immediate food security needs.

In 2024, within the Humanitarian Response Plans, FAO is seeking a total of USD 1.8 billion to assist 43 million people to produce their own food. At a time of funding cuts, this support is both life-saving and cost-effective – on average for every USD 50 a donor provides, rural families are producing USD 300 in food.


In 2023, access to food emerged as the most pressing need for people in the Niger, where the impact of climate change and armed conflict continue to drive acute food insecurity.


In 2023, the levels of acute food insecurity in northeastern Nigeria were comparable to those reported during the peak of the crisis in 2016/17.


Within the span of a year, Somalia has gone from averting a famine caused by the longest drought in its history to the worst flooding on record.


Humanitarian needs in South Sudan are expected to reach a record high this year. Amid a complex emergency that has displaced millions and destroyed livelihoods, more than half the population will be acutely food insecure during the lean season from April to June.


Thirteen years of conflict and an enduring economic crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic continue to drive humanitarian needs, disrupt agriculture and weaken the country’s food production capacity.