Forest and Farm Facility

Indigenous Peoples and producer organizations upscaling biocentric climate action - 16 November - COP27 side-event

Join FAO Indigenous Peoples Unit and Forest and Farm Facility on Wednesday, 16 November at 8:30 to 9:30 for a side event at COP27 in the Food and Agriculture Pavilion. Livestream:

The event will present evidence of cost-efficient Indigenous Peoples and forest and farm producer organizations contributions to climate, biodiversity, and restoration actions at globally significant scales, in cost-efficient ways, as part of a roadmap to more support. 


Climate, biodiversity, and restoration actions are ultimately delivered by people living on the land. Around 500 million Indigenous Peoples control 24% of above ground carbon, 36% of intact forests, and 80% of terrestrial biodiversity. 

An additional 800 million forest-dependent smallholder producers and their forest and farm producer organizations (FFPOs) expand this coverage hugely.

Climate change vulnerability threatens 529,000 additional deaths per year from food shortages and 720 million people pushed into extreme poverty by 2050. External encroachment on land and territories magnifies these this threat.

Yet most Indigenous Peoples and smallholder producers adopt biocentric approaches that adapt to climate threats in traditional systems of tree-based agrobiodiversity and organic soil enrichment that store soil and above ground carbon.

But to build climate resilience – Indigenous Peoples and FFPOs’ collective rights must be respected to ensure their access and control of their territories and  to preserve agrobiodiversity. Stronger political commitment is needed to:

(i) recognize the climate benefits of Indigenous Peoples  and FFPO biocentric systems;

(ii) secure their tenure; and

(iii) channel climate finance to enhance their systems. 


Agenda of the event 

Welcome and introduction 

Opening Remarks


Moderator: Vyacheslav Shadrin, Chief, Chair of Council of Yukaghir Elders


  • Eileen Mairena Cunningham, Miskito people, Researcher & Advocacy Officer, CADPI

  • Chris Buss,  REGEN10, International Union for Conservation of Nature

  • Amy Duchelle, FAO, Forests and Climate team leader 

Panel sessions 

A biocentric approach for biodiversity conservation, recognizing rights to living entities

  • Yon Fernández de Larrinoa, Head of the FAO Indigenous Peoples Unit

The intrinsic connection between collective rights and the preservation of biodiversity



  • Jessica Vega, Mixteco People, Adviser to the Global Indigenous Youth Caucus
  • Stanley Kimaren Ole Riamit, Maasai people, Founder-Director of Indigenous Livelihoods Enhancement Partners (ILEPA), Kenya 
  • Irish Baguilat, Asian Farmers Association (AFA), the Philippines

Restoring degraded land through an Indigenous Peoples’ biocentric approach

  • Lucy Mulenkei,  Maasai people, co-founder and co-chair of the Indigenous Women Biodiversity Network

The importance of channelling financial resources directly to Indigenous Peoples and farmers to advance climate action

  • Kati Partanen, member of the Board of the Central Union of Agricultural Producers and Forest Owners.

Question and Answers  

Moderator: Vyacheslav Shadrin, Chief, Chair of Council of Yukaghir Elder 

Closing Remarks 

Yon Fernández de Larrinoa, Head of the FAO Indigenous Peoples Unit