General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM

Fisheries and aquaculture form an intrinsic part of the cultural fabric of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea and, for millennia, they have driven the blue economy of the region, providing essential coastal livelihoods and the basis for the so-called “Mediterranean diet.” Achieving food security and providing sustainable livelihoods for a growing world population while striving to reduce inequalities and support gender equity represent the main challenges of our era and the ultimate targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  

Fisheries and aquaculture have a particularly important role to play in building sustainable food systems. In the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, maintaining high levels of sustainable yield and providing for livelihoods remains a particularly tall order. The countries of the region are characterized by densely populated coastal areas where the demand for fish protein is high. Together, these factors impose intense pressure on Mediterranean and Black Sea ecosystems, which already face unique challenges due to their semi-enclosed nature and little connection to other oceans. 

In this context, the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean of the Food Organization of the United Nations and all its members are working together to build a new strategy for Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries and aquaculture, that is proposed to cover a ten-year span and run until 2030.