Autoevaluación y Valoración Holística de la Resiliencia Climática de Agricultores y Pastores (SHARP)
SHARP training in Juba, South Sudan (©FAO/David Colozza)


The Self-evaluation and Holistic Assessment of climate Resilience of farmers and Pastoralists (SHARP) tool is designed as an instrument to assess the resilience of farmer and pastoralist households to climate change.

Following a survey-based evaluation of households’ climate resilience (Phase 1), gaps and weaknesses in the response of farmers and institutions to climate variability are analyzed (Phase 2). Finally, information gathered through the first two phases is integrated with broader-level climatic data, to assist farmers in prioritizing actions to build the resilience of their agro-ecosystems – as well as orienting institutions towards the best possible policy approaches in order to strengthen climate resilience (Phase 3).

SHARP has a solid theoretical grounding, as it was developed in partnership with the University of Leeds following a thorough review of the existing climate resilience literature and resilience assessment tools (see Dixon et al., 2014). The questionnaire was further reviewed and refined in consultation with over 150 internal and external experts and in discussion with over 450 farmers. The self-assessment questionnaire is based on resilience indicators that are relevant to the case of smallholder farmers and pastoralists, which have been derived from Cabell and Oelofse (2012)’s agroecosystem resilience indicators’ framework. Two important technical reviews were carried out in 2017 and 2019 based on the lessons learned during the implementation of the tool. This resulted in an improved version of the SHARP+ questionnaire, as well as in a new tablet and phone based application using the KoBoToolbox plateform. 

The development of SHARP has received funding from the European Union through the Improved Global Governance for Hunger Reduction Programme. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union or the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.