Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing

Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing remains one of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems due to its potent ability to undermine national and regional efforts to manage fisheries sustainably as well as endeavours to conserve marine biodiversity. IUU fishing takes advantage of corrupt administrations and exploits weak management regimes, in particular those of developing countries lacking the capacity and resources for effective monitoring, control, and surveillance (MCS). IUU fishing is found in all types and dimensions of fisheries; it occurs both on the high seas and in areas within national jurisdiction, it concerns all aspects and stages of the capture and utilisation of fish, and it may sometimes be associated with organized crime. Fisheries resources available to bona fide fishers are removed by IUU fishing, which can lead to the collapse of local fisheries, with small-scale fisheries in developing countries proving particularly vulnerable. Products derived from IUU fishing can find their way into overseas trade markets thus throttling local food supply. IUU fishing therefore threatens livelihoods, exacerbates poverty, and augments food insecurity.

In depth


Ports are the entry points through which fish start their final journey to our plates. The 2009 FAO Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA), is the most cost-effective means to ensure the sustainability of fisheries through the enforcement of rules and regulations. The...
French | La Nation. La salle de réunion du Sheraton a abrité hier la cérémonie de lancement d’un atelier de formation sur la stratégie et la feuille de route de mise en œuvre de l’Accord de la FAO relatif aux Mesures...
English | The Fiji Times. Fiji is committed to fully implementing the Port State Measures Agreement to eliminate illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing at national and regional levels, said Minister for Fisheries Semi Koroilavesau. He highlighted this at the opening of...