Policy Support and Governance Gateway

/ Guidelines & methodologies

Distress migration and youth in protracted crises. The Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools approach

This note focuses on the topic of distress migration and youth in protracted crises, and the possible solutions from the JFFLS approach, using case studies of FAO interventions. Migration is a common phenomenon in protracted crises, mainly resulting from displacement due to conflict, natural disasters and /or the deterioration of livelihoods. The challenges posed by migration are many: a disruption of food and nutrition security, increasing competition among livelihood groups, ever greater numbers of displaced young people exposed to the threat of both violence and radicalization, plus harmful impact on livelihoods in the countries of origin. However, migration also presents opportunities, including powerful drivers for sustainable post-conflict recovery, opportunities for host communities and young people as a dynamic force for rebuilding communities and peace. FAO’s Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools (JFFLS) methodology in various countries with protracted crises has proven effecti ve in increasing the agricultural, business and life skills of young refugees, child soldiers and other vulnerable groups in protracted crises, and thus helping them to become more resilient, productive and active members of their communities.