Peste des petits ruminants


POPULATION DE PETITS RUMINANTS (caprins-ovins): 649.084 - 304.745
SITUATION ÉPIDÉMIOLOGIQUE: PREMIÈRE/DERNIÈRE APPARITION DE LA MALADIE: : PPR first report in 1989 is endemic in the country. National Epidemiological Surveillance Network (RENAVE) composed by 14 epidemiological surveillance posts installed in the various strategic points within national territory but resources are very limited.
ACTIVITÉS DE CONTRÔLE: National Strategic Plan developed but PPR vaccinations conducted on ad hoc basis and supported by projects.
INFORMATIONS COMPLÉMENTAIRES: Husbandry system changes according with the agro-ecological area: In-land plateaus (north-east region) the predominant production system is the agro-pastoral system practiced by the Peules and Mandingue (Muslim) populations, which is a combination of cattle breeding and small ruminants; Maritime side here breeding is basically sedentary and less prevalent. Flocks are smaller, composed mainly of short-cycle species (pigs, muttons and goats). Intermediate zone (Cacheu, Bolama and Bijagos region) more diversified animal species with a higher number of animals per family compare to maritime side. In general traditional wandering and often transhumant is the main breeding system used (animals normally move from east to the north and south of the country).