La resiliencia
Photos of the FAO and the UN flags.  ©FAO/Giulio Napolitano

FAO’s engagement in Ukraine

04/03/2022

Centrality of Agriculture to Ukraine and the Region.

About 30 percent (12.6 million people) of Ukraine’s population lives in rural areas (as of January 2021). Agriculture plays an increasingly important role in the Ukrainian economy, with its share of GDP (including forestry and fishery) rising from 6.3 percent in 2007 to 9.3 percent in 2020.  When upstream and downstream industries of agriculture (input supply and food processing) are also considered, the contribution of the sector to the Ukrainian economy increases to approximately 22 percent of GDP. 

Ukraine is the fifth largest wheat exporter in the world, with a global market share of 10 percent between the periods of 2016/17 and 2020/21. Most of Ukraine’s wheat originates in Kyiv and the Mykolaiv region. Ukraine’s main grain ports, also on the Black Sea, are in Odessa and Mykolaiv. In 2021, Ukraine represented 9 percent of the global market share of exports. Ukraine’s maize export share over the same period was even more significant, averaging 15 percent and conferring it the spot of the world’s fourth largest maize exporter. Kyiv, in the Mykolaiv region, along with the Chernihiv region, are Ukraine’s leading maize producing areas.

Prior to the current military operation, FAO had anticipated maize deliveries by Ukraine to amount to 33 million tonnes in 2021/22, which would have made it the third largest global maize exporter. 

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