La résilience

Northeastern Nigeria - Assessing FAO’s fuel-efficient stove intervention

Northeastern Nigeria - Assessing FAO’s fuel-efficient stove intervention
Mar 2019

The main types of energy resources in northeastern Nigeria are firewood and charcoal. When using inefficient energy technologies, such as open fires, the demand for these energy resources is high. In response, FAO is implementing SAFE. With the support of Norway and in partnership with the International Centre for Energy, Environment and Development, FAO established three production centres in Borno for fuel-efficient stoves (FES) in 2017 and trained 100 local artisans in their production and marketing.

Between May and August 2018, the first 5 000 locally produced cooking stoves were distributed in Maiduguri, Jere and Konduga local government areas of Borno. In order to increase impact for existing FAO beneficiaries, the stove distribution was linked to FAO’s micro‑gardening programme, adding another dimension of resilience to affected households. To evaluate the impact of the stove distribution (December 2018), FAO undertook a household survey including 111 female beneficiaries from camps in and around Maiduguri. The beneficiaries were using the stove for a period of 5 to 6 months.

With nearly 100 percent of respondents still using the stove after 5 to 6 months, the FES has had a high adoption rate and acceptability in the State. In terms of firewood savings, compared with the three stones fire, about 60 percent of wood has been saved. The intervention has also benefited households’ general food security and nutrition status, decreased exposure to violence during foraging, lessened women’s work burden and has had a positive impact on health. In addition, the reduced demand for fuel will also decrease the pressure on overstressed natural resources.

To enhance the intervention, FAO is in the process of developing a dual type of stove that accommodates both firewood and charcoal. Through its engagement with the stove producers trained, FAO will continue to tailor this technology and others to the needs of the targeted communities.