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December 2014

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
(total: 38 countries)

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. However, many countries are also severely affected by high food and fuel prices. These include countries which are large net importers of cereals and fuels, with generally low per capita incomes, relatively high levels of malnutrition, and for which there is a strong transmission of high international food prices1.
 
Click on country to see details in the GIEWS Country Briefs

AFRICA ( 29 countries )

Map View 
Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Central African Republic
Conflict, displacements and below average crop production
The IDP caseload, as of early December, was estimated at 430 000 persons.
In October 2014 about 1.5 million people, out of a total population of 4.6 million were estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Food crop production in 2014 is estimated to be 58 percent below average, despite an 11 percent increase from the sharply reduced 2013 output.
Gambia
Below-average crop production
Over 261 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3 “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. An additional 634 000 people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity (phase 2).
+
Guinea-Bissau
Below-average crop production
Cereal production is estimated to decrease by 34 percent in 2014 compared to the average
Over 190 000 are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
+
Senegal
Below-average crop production
Cereal production in 2014 is estimated to be 41 percent below the average
Over 477 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. An additional 2.16 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity (Phase 2).
Widespread lack of access
Burkina Faso
Massive influx of refugees from Mali put additional pressure on local food supplies
Over 33 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country as of September 2014.
Chad
Large influx of refugees put additional pressure on local food supplies
Over 461 000 people from the Sudan’s Darfur region, the Central African Republic and northern Nigeria, as well as the return of an estimated 340 000 Chadians, have put added pressure on local food supply negatively affecting food security.
Over 550 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Djibouti
Inadequate pasture availability and reduced access to humanitarian assistance
About 160 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly in pastoral southeastern areas and in the Obock region.
Eritrea
Vulnerability to food insecurity due to economic constraints.
Guinea
Impact of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak
Disruption to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, seriously affecting the food security situation of large numbers of people.
Liberia
Impact of the EVD outbreak
Disruption to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, seriously affecting the food security situation of large numbers of people.
Mali
Droughts, floods, population displacements and insecurity in northern areas
Over 263 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
An additional 1.7 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity (Phase 2).
Mauritania
Influx of refugees put additional pressure on local food supplies and high food prices constrain access
More than 54 700 Malian refugees remain in southeastern Mauritania as of September 2014.
Over 367 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Niger
Recurrent severe food crisis
About 2.2 million people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis conducted in March 2014.
Over 51 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country as of September 2014.
Severe depletion of household assets and high levels of indebtedness.
Sierra Leone
Impact of the EVD outbreak
Disruption to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, seriously affecting the food security situation of large numbers of people.
Zimbabwe
Reduced localized crop production in southern and western regions
An estimated 331 000 people require food assistance.
However, the overall food security situation improved in 2014, with a 78 percent decrease in the number of food insecure persons compared to 2013, mainly attributed to more stable maize supplies.
Severe localized food insecurity
Cameroon
Influx of refugees exacerbating food insecurity of the host communities already affected by recurrent droughts and floods
The number of refugees from the CAR that entered mainly East, Adamaoua and North regions was estimated at 241 000 in late November 2014. About 44 000 refugees from Nigeria entered mainly the Far North region since May 2013.
Congo
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
As of late November 2014, about 20 000 refugees from the CAR are sheltering in the country.
Côte d'Ivoire
Conflict related damage to agriculture sector in recent years and lack of support services, mainly in the northern regions.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Conflict and displacements in eastern provinces
As of late November 2014, the total number of IDPs was estimated at more than 2.7 million.
An estimated 4.1 million people in need of urgent humanitarian assistance (June 2014).
Floods and landslides in eastern provinces
At least 16 000 individuals in eastern parts were affected, raising serious food security and health concerns.
Influx of refugees straining on already limited resources of host communities
As of late November, refugees from the CAR, mainly hosted in the northern Equateur province, were estimated at 68 000.
Ethiopia
Reduced localised crop production
The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance increased to 3.2 million, mainly in pastoral areas.
Kenya
Successive seasons of below-average rains
About 1.5 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in north-eastern pastoral areas.
Lesotho
Reduced localised crop production
Food security conditions remain strained, with an estimated 447 760 people requiring assistance.
Madagascar
Reduced crop production in southern regions
Food insecurity remains severe in southern regions, due to limited cereal availability.
However, improved conditions were recorded in central and northern parts, reflecting production gains in these regions.
Lower rice prices have improved food access.
Malawi
Reduced localised crop production
An estimated 640 000 people require assistance (a sharp decline compared to the 1.5 million estimated in 2013).
Mozambique
Reduced localised crop production
An estimated 150 000 people require assistance, mainly due to a reduced cereal availability. This figure is approximately 60 000 below the level estimated last year.
Somalia
Conflict and civil insecurity
Over 1 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and poor households in southern and central areas.
South Sudan
Conflict and civil insecurity
The number of severely food insecure people has decreased from 2.2 to 1.5 million, due to the availability of newly-harvested crops and the delivery of humanitarian aid.
Sudan
Conflict and civil insecurity
The number of people estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly IDPs in conflict-affected areas, has decreased from 5.3 to 3.5 million.
Uganda
Below average crop production
About 180 000 people in Karamoja region are estimated to be severely food insecure following two years of below-average crop production.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

ASIA ( 5 countries )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Iraq
Escalation of the conflict and large internal displacement
Over 2 million have been displaced since January 2014.
1.2 million beneficiaries (IDPs, non-displaced food insecure in conflict areas and food insecure host families) receiving food assistance.
Internal trade restrictions and reduced access to stocks held in the areas under ISIL control.
Syrian Arab Republic
Worsening civil conflict and below average harvest
An estimated 6.8 million people are facing severe food insecurity.
Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also putting strain on other host communities in neighbouring countries.
2.7 million receiving food assistance in neighbouring countries and 4.2 million within the country.
Widespread lack of access
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Economic constraints and lack of agricultural inputs
An estimated 16 million people remain at risk of food insecurity
Despite generally a good aggregate cereal harvest in 2014/15, the food system in the DPRK remains highly vulnerable to shocks and serious shortages exist particularly in the production of protein-rich crops. and aggravated food insecurity.
Yemen
Conflict, poverty, and high food and fuel prices
About 40 percent of the population is considered food insecure
Recovery and resilience operation replaced emergency relief assistance.
Severe localized food insecurity
Afghanistan
Continuing conflict and population displacement
Over 700 000 internally displaced, mostly in Helmand province
1.7 million targeted with food assistance
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN ( 4 countries )

Map View 
Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
El Salvador
Drought-reduced maize production
Significantly reduced maize supplies due to drought conditions negatively impacting the 2014 main first season, accounting for more than half of annual production.
Around 96 000 families have been severely affected and are in need of assistance.
Guatemala
Drought-reduced maize production
Significantly reduced maize supplies due to drought conditions negatively impacting the 2014 main first season, accounting for more than half of annual production.
Official estimates point to 268 000 families being affected and the government has appealed for international assistance.
Haiti
Drought-reduced cereal production
Drought conditions during the 2014 main first season, accounting for more than half of annual cereal production, have significantly reduced supplies of maize and rice.
+
Honduras
Drought-reduced maize production
Significantly reduced maize supplies due to drought conditions negatively impacting the 2014 main first season, accounting for more than half of annual production.
The affected population in need of food assistance is estimated at 76 712 small-farming families.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

 

COUNTRIES WITH UNFAVOURABLE PROSPECTS FOR CURRENT CROPS
(total: 1 countries)

Map View 
CountryMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
AFRICA ( 1 country )
KenyaBelow-average cereal production expected in western key cropping areas due to a series of dry spells and high incidence of pests and diseases, including some outbreaks of the Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND).+
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

TERMINOLOGY

Countries requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. Food crises are nearly always due to a combination of factors, but for the purpose of response planning, it is important to establish whether the nature of food crises is predominantly related to lack of food availability, limited access to food, or severe but localized problems. Accordingly, the list of countries requiring external assistance is organized into three broad, not mutually exclusive, categories:

  • Countries facing an exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies as a result of crop failure, natural disasters, interruption of imports, disruption of distribution, excessive post-harvest losses, or other supply bottlenecks.

  • Countries with widespread lack of access, where a majority of the population is considered to be unable to procure food from local markets, due to very low incomes, exceptionally high food prices, or the inability to circulate within the country.

  • Countries with severe localized food insecurity due to the influx of refugees, a concentration of internally displaced persons, or areas with combinations of crop failure and deep poverty.

Unfavourable Prospects for Current Crops are countries where prospects point to a shortfall in production of current crops as a result of a reduction of the area planted and/or yields due to adverse weather conditions, plant pests, diseases and other calamities.


1. See, for example, Soaring food prices: facts, perspectives, impacts and actions required, page 17, table 4.
2. Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, Oct 2014
The maps on the GIEWS homepage indicate countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food.