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GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System

Countries requiring external assistance for food

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. GIEWS updates this list four times a year.

September 2018
  (total: 39 countries)
Nature of Food Insecurity
Main Reasons
Changes from last report
Conflict, displacements and food supply constraints
  • The Internally Displaced People (IDP) caseload in July 2018 was estimated at about 615 000, a 10 percent decrease since March 2018. About 2 million people (43 percent of the total population) are estimated to be in need of urgent assistance for food due to the persisting widespread insecurity, several consecutive years of reduced agricultural production and poorly functioning markets, especially for displaced persons, host families and returnees.
  • Violent clashes and inter-communal tensions persist, fueling the massive displacements, with severe negative impacts on food security.
Civil insecurity, economic downturn and localized crop production shortfalls
  • Disruptions to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, coupled with limited humanitarian assistance and declining food import capacity, continue to seriously affect food security conditions.
  • About 1.67 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure, and the most affected area is the western Ruyigi Province.
Civil insecurity, internal displacements and deterioration of pastoral conditions
  • According to the "Cadre Harmonisé", about 990 000 were projected to be food insecure during June to August, due to the serious deterioration of pastoral conditions in the Sahel.
  • Nearly 1.9 million people remained internally displaced, almost entirely on account of the insurgency in the northeast, and in addition the country hosts about 450 000 refugees.
Conflict and displacements in eastern and southern areas as well as an influx of refugees straining resources of host communities
  • The country hosts 176 000 refugees from the Central African Republic, 94 000 from South Sudan and 47 000 from Burundi. The total IDP caseload is estimated at 4.5 million.
  • An outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) has been reported and as of 26 August, 111 cases have been confirmed, more than double the level since May.
Impact of consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons on pastoral livelihoods
  • About 197 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly concentrated in pastoral areas north of Obock City and in southeastern border areas, which were affected by consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons.
Economic constraints have increased the population’s vulnerability to food insecurity
Impact of drought on local livelihood systems
  • An estimated 7.88 million people were affected by food insecurity, mainly in southeastern agro pastoral areas, due to the lingering effects of severe drought conditions between mid-2016 and late 2017.
  • About 1 million people have been displaced since June 2018 in Somali, Oromia and SNNP regions resulting from inter-communal conflict.
Decline in cereal production
  • The number of people assessed to be food insecure in 2018 more than doubled on a yearly basis to 3.3 million people.
  • The sharp increase mostly results from a decline in cereal production, with the 2018 output estimated to be below average.
Civil conflict and pastoral deficit hinder food security conditions
  • According to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 800 000 in the June August period were assessed to be in need of immediate assistance.
  • Due to the civil conflict in neighbouring countries, more than 166 000 people reside as refugees, of which 108 000 are from Nigeria and 57 000 are from Mali.
Persisting conflict results in population displacements, market disruptions and limited access to food aid in northern areas
  • According to the "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 5.3 million people were assessed to be in need of assistance between June and August.
  • Market functionality and livelihood activities remain disturbed by the ongoing civil insecurity, limiting food access to vulnerable households. The areas inaccessible to humanitarian interventions are facing the worse food security conditions.
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn
  • Despite sustained humanitarian assistance, food insecurity still affects large segments of the population. The number of severely food insecure people for the June-July period was estimated at 6 million. The significantly high numbers are a result of persisting insecurity, economic constraints, trade disruptions and high food prices.
Food access constraints
  • An estimated 2.4 million people were assessed to be food insecure in 2018, mostly due to a reduced cereal output in 2018 and food access constraints, stemming from low incomes and liquidity challenges.
Tight supplies and high prices
  • According to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, the number of people in need of food assistance was projected at 950 000 for the June-August period, mainly due to localized production shortfalls.
  • About 25 000 refugees, most of them from Mali, are estimated to be living in the country.
Poor performance of the 2017 agro‑pastoral cropping season caused significant loss of livelihoods
  • According to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 21 000 people (approximately 4 percent of the total population) were estimated to be in Phase 3: "Crisis" and above.
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities and displacements
  • The number of refugees from the Central African Republic was estimated at 261 000 as of end-July 2018. Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria also led to the internal displacement of 238 000 individuals.
  • An ongoing crisis since October 2016 due to perceived marginalization and resistance to the assimilation of the English-speaking minority to the French-speaking majority, has negatively affected populations in the Northwest and Southwest regions.
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
  •  As of end-January 2018, about 32 000 refugees from the Central African Republic are sheltering in the country.
Reduced crop production
  • About 122 000 people were assessed to be affected by food insecurity in 2018, mainly located in the east and south of the country, where unfavourable weather resulted in localized production shortfalls.
Localized production shortfalls
  • About 34 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons affect crop and livestock production
  • About 2.35 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in eastern, southeastern and coastal areas as a result of the lingering effects of severe drought conditions between mid-2016 and late 2017.
Decrease in cereal production
  • An estimated 309 000 people are affected by food insecurity in 2018.
  • This year’s estimate is slightly higher than in 2017, reflecting a drop in the 2018 cereal output.
Localized production shortfalls and influx of refugees
  • About 29 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Civil insecurity
  • The number of people in need of food assistance is estimated at 0.4 million, with refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced among the most vulnerable.
  • Food shortages are reported mostly in the south and east where basic food items are in short supply. Access to subsidized food among the affected population is limited.
Dry spells and impact of cyclones
  • The number of people affected by food insecurity increased to 1.3 million in southern regions, due to unfavourable weather conditions that kept cereal production in 2018 at below-average levels, while record high prices earlier in the year negatively impinged on food access.
  • At the national level, rice production is estimated to have increased in 2018, mostly reflecting improved outputs in central and northern regions, bolstering food availability.
Civil insecurity in northern areas and limited access due to falling income from pastoral production
  • The country is hosting approximately 20 000 refugees, while 50 000 internally displaced people and 64 000 returnees, also mainly depend on humanitarian assistance.
  • About 933 000 people were estimated to be in need of food assistance between June and August, according to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, as a result of the persisting civil conflict.
Declines in agricultural and pastoral production result in unfavourable food security outcomes
  • According to the March 2018 "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 538 000 people were assessed to be in need of assistance from June to August, given their below average cereal supplies and reduced purchasing power.
  • About 58 000 refugees, mostly from Mali, reside in the country.
Weather shocks and localized production shortfalls
  • Dry conditions and pest infestations caused localized production shortfalls in southern province and some areas of the centre. As a result, an estimated 891 000 people are food insecure, with the majority located in central Tete and southern Gaza provinces.
  • At the national level, cereal production is estimated to have increased in 2018.
Stressed pastoral conditions
  • According to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 750 000 people were estimated to be in need of assistance between June and August.
  • An estimated 15 000 refugees, mostly from Mauritania, are residing in the country.
Floods and localized production shortfalls
  • About 12 000 people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Conflict, civil insecurity and widespread drought conditions
  • About 1.56 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and agro-pastoral communities affected by the lingering effects of the severe drought conditions between mid-2016 and late 2017.
Conflict and civil insecurity
  • The number of severely food insecure people for the period May-July was estimated at 6.2 million, mainly IDPs and host communities in conflict-affected areas. Vulnerable households affected by soaring food prices and production shortfalls during the 2017 season are also of concern.
Localized crop production shortfalls and refugee influx
  • In the northeastern Karamoja Region, the lean season ended in September 2017, about one month later than normal, as harvests were delayed. In addition, crop production is estimated at a below-average level and households are expected to deplete their food stocks from own production by December 2018, thus facing an early start of the next lean season.
  • About 1.1 million refugees from South Sudan and about 316 000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo are hosted in camps and depend on humanitarian assistance.
Civil conflict and weather related events
  • About 6.5 million people are food insecure and 4 million are at risk of food insecurity.
  • Domestic cereal production in 2018 is forecast to decrease significantly, as a result of unfavourably distributed rains.
  • Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also straining host communities' resources in neighbouring countries.
Localized production shortfalls for 2018 main crop and economic downturn
  • Reflecting expectations of a reduced 2018 main season cereal output, most households are anticipated to continue to experience borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Conflict, poverty and high food and fuel prices
  • An estimated 17.8 million people are food insecure and require urgent humanitarian assistance, a 5 percent increase over 2017 estimates.
Continuing conflict and population displacement
  • Almost 2.2 million people were considered to be chronically food insecure, of which 1.4 million people are at risk of acute food insecurity due to drought. Continuing conflict, natural hazards and limited economic opportunities have increased the vulnerability of the poorest households, including subsistence farmers.
Civil conflict
  • As of January 2018, about 2.6 million people were internally displaced.
  • About 800 000 people were in need of food security assistance in December 2017.
Conflict in parts of Kachin, Shan and resurgence of violence in Rakhine
  • According to the latest data from the International Organization for Migration (June 2018), the estimated number of refugees from Myanmar in Bangladesh increased slightly to 919 000. In addition 241 000 people were internally displaced in Kachin, Kayin, Shan and Rakhine states due to ongoing conflict.
  • These populations rely mainly on humanitarian assistance to cover their basic needs.
Population displacement and localized cereal production shortfalls
  • In Tharparkar District and the surrounding areas of Sindh Province, the drought-affected cereal production in 2018 and significant losses of livestock have aggravated food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition.
  • The country hosts close to 1.4 million registered and unregistered Afghan refugees. Most of these people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Hurricane damage
  • The food security situation has generally improved, with no departments classified under IPC crisis phases. However, there are 386 050 people who are in need of humanitarian assistance after the shock of Hurricane Matthew in 2016.