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GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System

Countries requiring external assistance for food

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. GIEWS updates this list four times a year.

December 2018
  (total: 40 countries)
Nature of Food Insecurity
Main Reasons
Changes from last report
Conflict, displacements and food supply constraints
  • The Internally Displaced People (IDP) caseload in October 2018 was estimated at about 643 000, a 5 percent increase since July 2018. About 1.9 million people (31 percent of the total population) are estimated to be in need of urgent assistance for food due to the widespread insecurity, several consecutive years of reduced agricultural production and poorly functioning markets, especially for displaced persons, host families and returnees.
  • Violent clashes and inter-communal tensions persist, fueling the massive displacements, with severe negative impacts on food security.
Civil insecurity, economic downturn and localized crop production shortfalls
  • Disruptions to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, coupled with limited humanitarian assistance and declining food import capacity, continue to seriously affect food security conditions.
  • About 1.67 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure, and the most affected area is the western Ruyigi Province.
Civil insecurity, internal displacements and dry spells in localized areas
  • According to the “Cadre Harmonisé”, about 189 000 were projected to be food insecure in the October-to-December period.
  • Nearly 449 195 people remained internally displaced, almost entirely on account of the insurgency in the northeast, in addition the country hosts about 450 000 refugees.
Conflict and displacements in eastern and southern areas as well as an influx of refugees straining resources of host communities
  • The country hosts 176 000 refugees from the Central African Republic, 94 000 from South Sudan and 47 000 from Burundi. The total IDP caseload is estimated at 4.5 million.
  • An outbreak of the EVD has been reported and as of 26 August, 111 cases were confirmed, more than double the level since May.
Impact of consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons on pastoral livelihoods
  • About 197 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly concentrated in pastoral areas north of Obock City and in southeastern areas, which were affected by consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons.
Impact of drought on local livelihood systems
Impact of drought on local livelihood systems
  • An estimated 7.95 million people were affected by food insecurity, mainly in southeastern agro-pastoral areas, due to the lingering effects of severe drought conditions between mid-2016 and late 2017.
  • About 1.44 million people have been displaced so far in 2018 in Somali, Oromia, SNNP and Benishangul Gumuz regions, as result of inter-communal conflict.
Below average cereal harvest in 2018
  • The number of people assessed to be food insecure in the period from October 2018 to March 2019 is estimated at 3.3 million, double the level compared to the corresponding period in 2017/18.
  • The sharp increase mostly results from a decline in cereal production, with the 2018 output estimated to be below average.
Civil conflict and production shortfalls
  • According to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 600 000 people in the October-December period were assessed to be in need of immediate assistance.
  • Due to the civil conflict in neighbouring countries, more than 104 288 people are internally displaced, more than 176 000 reside as refugees, of which 119 000 are from Nigeria and 57 000 are from Mali.
Persisting conflict in northern areas
  • According to the “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 2.4 million people were assessed to be in need of assistance between October and December
  • Market functionality and livelihood activities remain disturbed by the ongoing civil insecurity, limiting food access to vulnerable households. The areas inaccessible to humanitarian interventions are facing the worse food security conditions.
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn
  • Despite sustained humanitarian assistance, food insecurity still affects large segments of the population. The number of severely food insecure people for the October-December period is estimated at 4.4 million. The significantly high number is a result of persisting insecurity, economic constraints, trade disruptions and high food prices.
Food access constraints
  • An estimated 2.4 million people re assessed to be food insecure in 2018, mostly due to a reduced cereal output in 2018 and food access constraints, on account of low incomes and liquidity challenges.
Tight cereal supplies and high prices
  • According to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, the number of people in need of food assistance was projected to be 950 000 for the June-August period, mainly due to localized production shortfalls.
  • An estimated 25 000 refugees, most of them from Mali, are living in the country.
Poor performance of the 2018 agro pastoral cropping season
  • According to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 10 500 people (approximately 2 percent of the total population) were estimated to be in CH Phase 3: “Crisis” and above.
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities and displacements
  • The number of refugees from the Central African Republic was estimated at 268 000 at the end of October 2018. Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria also led to the internal displacement of 228 000 individuals.
  • Persisting civil strife since October 2016, has led to the displacement of about 450 000 people in the Northwest and Southwest regions.
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
  • An estimated 32 000 refugees from the Central African Republic are sheltering in the country.
Localized production shortfalls
  • An estimated 247 000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance until March 2019, mostly located in Lubombo and Shiselwenti, on account of 2018 production shortfalls.
Localized production shortfalls
  • About 90 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons affect crop and livestock production
  • About 0.7 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in northern and eastern areas as a result of the lingering effects of severe drought conditions between mid-2016 and late 2017.
Decreased in cereal production
  • Approximately 257 000 people are estimated to be affected by food insecurity until February 2019.
  • This year’s estimate is slightly higher than in 2017, reflecting a drop in the 2018 cereal output.
Localized production shortfalls and influx of refugees
  • About 17 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Civil insecurity
  • The number of people in need of food assistance is estimated at 0.4 million, with refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced among the most vulnerable.
  • Food shortages are reported mostly in the south and east. Access to subsidized food among the affected population is limited.
Dry spells and impact of cyclones
  • The number of people affected by food insecurity increased to 1.3 million in southern regions, due to unfavourable weather conditions that kept cereal production in 2018 at below-average levels, while record high prices earlier in the year negatively impinged on food access.
  • At the national level, paddy production is estimated to have increased in 2018, mostly reflecting larger harvests in central and northern regions, improving food availability.
Persistent insecurity in the centre and north of the country
  • The country is hosting approximately 25 000 refugees, while 77 000 internally displaced people and 69 000 returnees, also mainly depend on humanitarian assistance.
  • About 185 000 people were estimated to be in need of food assistance between October and December, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, as a result of the persisting civil conflict.
Reduced cereal production
  • According to the November 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 227 000 people were assessed to be in need of assistance from October to December.
  • About 59 000 refugees, mostly from Mali, reside in the country.
Weather shocks and localized production shortfalls
  • Dry conditions and pest infestations caused production shortfalls in southern provinces and some areas of the centre. As a result, an estimated 1.8 million people are food insecure, with the majority located in central Tete and southern Gaza provinces.
  • At the national level, cereal production is estimated to have increased in 2018.
Rainfall deficits in some localized areas
  • According to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 95 000 people are estimated to be in need of assistance between October and December.
  • An estimated 15 000 refugees, mostly from Mauritania, are residing in the country.
Food access constraints
  • About 107 000 people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Conflict, civil insecurity and widespread drought conditions
  • About 1.56 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and agro‑pastoral communities affected by the lingering effects of the severe drought conditions between mid‑2016 and late 2017.
Conflict, civil insecurity and soaring food prices
  • The number of severely food insecure people for the period May-July was estimated at 6.2 million, mainly IDPs and host communities in conflict‑affected areas. Vulnerable households affected by soaring food prices and production shortfalls during the 2017 season are also of concern.
Localized crop production shortfalls and refugee influx
  • In the northeastern Karamoja Region, 2018 crop production is estimated at well below-average levels and households are expected to have depleted their food stocks from own production by late 2018, thus facing an early start of the next lean season.
  • About 785 000 refugees from South Sudan and about 284 000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo are hosted in camps and depend on humanitarian assistance.
Civil conflict and decreased crop production
  • About 5.5 million Syrians are food insecure and require some form of food assistance. In addition, between 500 000 and 800 000 may be food insecure in Idleb Governorate.
  • Domestic cereal production in 2018 is the lowest since 1989, as a result of conflict related constraints and unfavourably distributed rains.
  • Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also straining host communities' resources in neighbouring countries.
Localized production shortfalls for 2018 main crop and economic downturn
  • Reflecting expectations of a reduced 2018 main season cereal output, most households are anticipated to continue to experience borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Conflict, poverty and high food and fuel prices
  • An estimated 17.8 million people are food insecure and require urgent humanitarian assistance, a 5 percent increase over 2017 estimates.
Conflict, population displacement and drought-induced decline in production
  • As of September 2018, some 9.8 million people (almost 44 percent of the rural population) were estimated to be in the IPC Phases 3: “Crisis” and 4: “Emergency”. Continuing conflict, natural hazards and limited economic opportunities have increased the vulnerability of the poorest households, including subsistence farmers.
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities
  • According to the latest figures from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), as of October 2018, about 923 000 Rohingya refugees from Myanmar were sheltering in Bangladesh, mainly in the Cox’s Bazar District. Most refugees fled to Bangladesh following the resurgence of violence in Rakhine State in Myanmar in late August 2017.
Civil conflict
  • An estimated 2.6 million people remained internally displaced.
  • About 800 000 people were in need of food security assistance in 2017.
Conflict in parts of Kachin, Shan and resurgence of violence in Rakhine State
  • According to the latest data from the International Organization for Migration (October 2018) more than 700 000 Rohingya refugees fled to Bangladesh, following the resurgence of violence in Rakhine State in late August 2017. In addition, 241 000 people were internally displaced in Kachin, Kayin, Shan and Rakhine states due to ongoing conflict. These IDPs reside in temporary settlements, where they suffer from high levels of food insecurity and require humanitarian assistance to cover their basic needs.
Population displacement and localized cereal production shortfalls
  • In Tharparkar District and the surrounding areas of Sindh Province, the drought-affected cereal production in 2018 and significant losses of livestock have aggravated food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition.
  • The country hosts close to 1.4 million registered and unregistered Afghan refugees. Most of these people are in need of humanitarian assistance and put strain on the already limited resources of the host communities.
Impact of prolonged dry spells
  • About 774 000 people are estimated to be in need of assistance between October 2018 and February 2019, due to the adverse impact of dry spells on cereal production (especially maize), coupled with high prices of imported food as a result of a weaker local currency.