FAO.org

Home > GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System > Country Analysis > external-assistance
GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System

Countries requiring external assistance for food

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. GIEWS updates this list four times a year.

March 2019
  (total: 41 countries)
Nature of Food Insecurity
Main Reasons
Changes from last report
Conflict, displacements and food supply constraints
  • The Internally Displaced People (IDP) caseload in December 2018 was estimated at about 641 000, a slight decrease since October 2018. About 1.9 million people (31 percent of the total population) are estimated to be in need of urgent assistance for food due to widespread insecurity, several consecutive years of reduced agricultural production and poorly functioning markets, especially for displaced persons, host families and returnees.
  • Violent clashes and inter-communal tensions persist, fueling the massive displacements, with severe negative impacts on food security.
Civil insecurity, economic downturn and localized crop production shortfalls
  • Disruptions to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, coupled with limited humanitarian assistance and declining food import capacity, continue to seriously affect food security conditions. The areas most affected by food insecurity are westernmost parts of Makama, Rutana, Ruygi and Cankuzo provinces bordering the United Republic of Tanzania.
  • About 1.72 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Civil insecurity, internal displacements and dry spells in localized areas
  • According to the "Cadre Harmonisé", about 519 000 people are projected to be food insecure during June-August 2019.
  • Nearly 165 300 people remained internally displaced, almost entirely on account of the insurgency in the northeast and, in addition, the country hosts about 456 000 refugees.
Conflict and displacements in eastern and southern areas as well as an influx of refugees straining resources of host communities
  • The total IDP caseload is estimated at 4.5 million. In addition, the country hosts 172 000 refugees from the Central African Republic, 96 000 from South Sudan and 43 000 from Burundi.
  • An outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) has resulted in the loss of 548 lives. In addition, the EVD outbreak has disrupted market functions, adversely impacting households access to food in the affected areas.
Impact of consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons on pastoral livelihoods
  • About 197 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly concentrated in pastoral areas north of Obock City and in southeastern areas, which were affected by consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons.
Economic constraints have increased the population’s vulnerability to food insecurity
Impact of drought on local livelihood systems
  • An estimated 7.95 million people were affected by food insecurity, mainly in southeastern agro-pastoral areas, due to the lingering effects of severe drought conditions between mid-2016 and late 2017.
  • About 1 million people have been displaced in 2018 and early 2019 in Somali, Oromia, SNNP and Benishangul Gumuz regions, as result of inter-communal conflict.
Reduced cereal supplies and higher prices
  • The number of people assessed to be food insecure in the period from October 2018 to March 2019 is estimated at 3.3 million, double the level compared to the corresponding period in 2017/18.
  • The higher number is mostly a result of the production decline in 2018, while higher prices are also restraining access to food.
Civil conflict and production shortfalls
  • According to the latest "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 1 222 000 people in the June-August 2019 period are expected to be in need of immediate assistance.
  • Due to the civil conflict in neighbouring countries, more than 158 000 people are internally displaced, about 175 000 reside as refugees, of which 119 000 are from Nigeria and 56 000 are from Mali.
Persisting conflict results in population displacements, market disruptions and limited access to food aid in northern areas
  • According to the "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 4.5 million people are projected to be in need of assistance between June and August 2019.
  • Due to persisting civil insecurity, more than 2 million people are internally displaced. The areas inaccessible to humanitarian interventions are facing the worse food security conditions.
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn
  • Despite sustained humanitarian assistance, food insecurity still affects large segments of the population. The number of severely food insecure people for the February-April 2019 period is estimated at 6.45 million. The significantly high number is a result of persisting insecurity, tight supplies, economic constraints, trade disruptions and high food prices.
Severe food access constraints
  • Nearly 3 million people were assessed to be food insecure at the start of 2019, up from a preliminary forecast of 2.4 million people. The main driver of the deepening food insecurity situation is the significant spike in staple food prices, that has occured since October 2018, while the poor economic environment has diminished income-generating opportunities, further aggravating conditions.
Civil insecurity in the north
  • According to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, the number of people in need of food assistance is projected to reach 676 000 for the June-August 2019, mainly due to localized production shortfalls.
  • An estimated 25 000 refugees, most of them from Mali, are living in the country, while 40 000 individuals are internally displaced.
Poor performance of the 2018 agro‑pastoral cropping season
  • According to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 11 000 people (approximately 2 percent of the total population) are projected to be in Phase 3: "Crisis" and above in the June-August 2019 period.
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities and displacements
  • The number of refugees from the Central African Republic was estimated at 276 000 at the end of January 2019.
  • Persisting civil strife since October 2016 has led to the displacement of about 432 000 people in the northwest and southwest Anglophone regions.
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
  •  An estimated 16 000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo are sheltering in the country.
Localized production shortfalls
  • An estimated 247 000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance until March 2019, mostly located in Lubombo and Shiselwenti, on account of production shortfalls in 2018.
Localized production shortfalls
  • About 178 000 people are projected to be in need of food assistance during June-August 2019.
Consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons
  • About 0.7 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in northern and eastern areas as a result of the lingering effects of the severe drought conditions between mid-2916 and late 2017.
Reduced cereal production
  • Approximately 273 000 people were estimated to be affected by food insecurity between December 2018 and February 2019, higher than the previous year’s level reflecting the decline in the 2018 cereal output.
  • Conditions are foreseen to intensify later in the year, based on poor production prospects for the 2019 crop.
Localized production shortfalls and influx of refugees
  • About 39 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Civil insecurity
  • The total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance is estimated at 0.82 million (11 percent of the population), of which 0.3 million persons require food assistance. Refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced are among the most vulnerable.
Sharply reduced cereal harvest in southern regions
  • The number of people affected by food insecurity is estimated at 1.3 million in southern regions, due to unfavourable weather conditions that kept cereal production in 2018 at below-average levels. High food prices are impinging on food access, further aggravating food insecurity.
Persistent residual insecurity in the centre and north of the country (affecting livelihoods and displacing people)
  • The country is hosting approximately 27 000 refugees, while 120 000 internally displaced people and 69 000 returnees also mainly depend on humanitarian assistance.
  • About 416 000 people are projected to be in need of food assistance between June to August 2019, according to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, as a result of the persisting civil conflict.
Low cereal production
  • According to the November 2018 "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 576 000 people are assessed to be in need of assistance from June to August 2019, given their below-average cereal supplies and reduced purchasing power.
  • About 59 000 refugees, mostly from Mali, reside in the country.
Localized production shortfalls
  • Dry conditions caused production shortfalls in southern provinces and some areas of the centre. As a result, nearly 2 million people are estimated to be food insecure between January and March 2019.
Rainfall deficit in some localized areas
  • According to the last "Cadre Harmonisé" analysis, about 376 000 people are projected to be in need of assistance between June and August 2019.
  • In addition, an estimated 15 000 refugees, mostly from Mauritania, are residing in the country.
High food prices
  • About 146 000 people are projected to be severely food insecure during June to August 2019.
Conflict, civil insecurity and widespread drought conditions
  • About 1.55 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and agro-pastoral communities affected by poor October-December 2018 "deyr" rains and the lingering effects of the severe drought conditions between mid-2016 and late 2017.
Conflict, civil insecurity and soaring food prices
  • The number of severely food insecure people for the period January-March 2019 is estimated at 5.76 million, mainly IDPs and host communities in conflict affected areas. Vulnerable households affected by soaring food prices are also of concern.
Localized crop production shortfalls and refugee influx
  • In the northeastern Karamoja Region, 2018 crop production was well below average and households depleted their food stocks from own production in late 2018, thus facing an early start of the next lean season.
  • About 795 000 refugees from South Sudan and about 313 000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo are hosted in camps and depend on humanitarian assistance.
Civil conflict and decreased crop production
  • About 5.5 million Syrians are food insecure and require some form of food assistance. In addition, between 500 000 and 800 000 people may be food insecure in Idleb Governorate.
  • Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also straining host communities' resources in neighbouring countries.
Localized production shortfalls for 2018 main crop and economic downturn
  • The 2018 main season cereal output is officially estimated to have decreased compared with last year’s below-average level due to high temperatures and poor rains between July and August. As a result, most households are anticipated to continue to experience borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Conflict, poverty and high food and fuel prices
  • In the December 2018-January 2019 period, some 15.9 million people (corresponding to 53 percent of the population) faced severe acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3: "Crisis" and above), including 63 500 in Phase 5: "Catastrophe".
Conflict, population displacement and drought-induced decline in production
  • As of September 2018, some 9.8 million people (almost 44 percent of the rural population) were estimated to be in the IPC Phase 3: "Crisis" and IPC Phase 4: "Emergency". Continuing conflict, natural hazards and limited economic opportunities have increased the vulnerability of the poorest households, including subsistence farmers.
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities
  • According to the latest figures from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), as of January 2019, about 925 000 Rohingya refugees from Myanmar were sheltering in Bangladesh, mainly in the Cox’s Bazar District. Most refugees fled to Bangladesh following the resurgence of violence in Rakhine State in Myanmar in late August 2017.
Civil conflict
  • An estimated 2.6 million people remained internally displaced.
  • About 800 000 people were in need of food security assistance in 2017.
Conflict in parts of Kachin, Shan and resurgence of violence in Rakhine State
  • According to the latest data from the IOM (October 2018) more than 700 000 Rohingya refugees fled to Bangladesh, following the resurgence of violence in Rakhine State in late August 2017. In addition, 241 000 people were internally displaced in Kachin, Kayin, Shan and Rakhine states due to ongoing conflict. These IDPs reside in temporary settlements, where they suffer from high levels of food insecurity and require humanitarian assistance to cover their basic needs.
Population displacement and localized cereal production shortfalls
  • In Tharparkar District and the surrounding areas of Sindh Province, the drought-affected cereal production in 2018 and significant losses of livestock have aggravated food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition.
  • The country hosts close to 1.4 million registered and unregistered Afghan refugees. Most of these people are in need of humanitarian assistance and have strained on the already limited resources of the host communities.
Severe economic crisis
  • Amidst the severe and protracted economic crisis, the number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela is estimated at 3.4 million persons. They have settled in neighbouring countries in South America and the Caribbean. Humanitarian needs to assist refugees and migrants in host countries are significant.
  • In the country, on account of the hyperinflation, purchasing power has been severely eroded, resulting in acute constraints on households’ access to food. In addition, cereal production in 2018 was estimated at a well below-average level, mostly reflecting the lack of agricultural inputs.
Impact of prolonged dry spells and high inflationary pressure
  • About 2.6 million people are forecast to be in need of assistance between March and June 2019, due to the adverse impact of dry spells on cereal production (especially maize), coupled with high prices of imported food, including rice, the staple food.