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Countries requiring external assistance for food

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. GIEWS updates this list four times a year.

December 2016
  (total: 39 countries)
Nature of Food Insecurity
Main Reasons
Changes from last report
Conflict, displacements and food supply constraints
  • The Internally Displaced Person (IDP) caseload, which declined earlier in 2016 following a relative improvement of the security situation in some areas of the country, increased by about 36 000 in October, and was estimated at about 421 000. About 2 million people (40 percent of the total population) are in need of urgent assistance (IPC Phase 3: “Crisis” and IPC Phase 4: “Emergency”) as a result of three consecutive years of reduced harvests and food access constraints due to market disruptions and declining purchasing power.

Conflict, displacements and food supply constraints
  • An estimated 6.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, on account of the sharply reduced maize harvest in 2016 and higher food prices.

Steep declines in cereal production in 2016
  • An estimated 33 percent (approximately 3 million people) of the rural population are food insecure, and this number is projected to rise to 44 percent (4.07 million people) during the peak of the lean period between January and March 2017, approximately 44 percent higher than the corresponding period in the first quarter of 2016.
  • The worsening food security situation reflects the impact of the El Niño-induced drought that caused a sharp reduction in the 2016 agricultural output.
Civil insecurity and economic downturn
  • Disruptions to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, coupled with limited humanitarian assistance and declining food import capacity, continue to seriously affect food security conditions of households, especially in Kirundo, Muyinga, Rutada and Makamba provinces, as well as rural areas near Bujumbura.
  • About 1.46 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Population displacements and civil insecurity
  • Approximately 388 000 refugees, 112 000 IDPs, as well as an estimated 95 000 Chadian returnees, continue to add pressure on local food supplies, negatively affecting food security.
  • About 456 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Conflict and displacements in eastern provinces, influx of refugees putting strain on host communities
  • As of late September 2016, the IDP caseload was estimated at 1.9 million, 100 000 more than the previous estimates in late April. An estimated 6 million people are in acute food insecurity and livelihood crisis (IPC Phase 3: “Crisis” and IPC Phase 4: “Emergency”). The country hosts 96 500 refugees from the Central African Republic, 60 300 from South Sudan and 33 900 from Burundi.
Lingering effects of unfavourable rainy seasons on pastoral livelihoods
  • About 194 000 people are severely food insecure, down from the previous estimate, mainly concentrated in pastoral inland areas of Dikhil Region.
Economic constraints have increased the population’s vulnerability to food insecurity
Lingering effects of the previous year’s severe drought on local livelihood systems
  • About 9.7 million people are severely food insecure, mainly in eastern areas of Oromia, Amhara and Tigray regions as well as in Afar and northern Somali regions.
Drought reduced 2016 production and higher food prices
  • An estimated 709 394 people are food insecure, reflecting the impact of the cereal production decline in 2016 and higher prices.
Drought-affected 2016 production and higher food prices
  • Drought conditions resulted in lower cereal outputs in southern provinces and in parts of central provinces, while higher prices are adversely impacting food access.
  • Nearly 2 million people are food insecure and require humanitarian assistance.
Population displacements and civil insecurity
  • More than 833 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
  • Approximately 61 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country.
  • Almost 327 000 people, mostly in the southeast Diffa Region have been displaced due to fear of attacks.
Economic downturn, steep depreciation of the local currency, population displacements and severe insecurity in northern areas
  • More than 8 million people are estimated to be food insecure, of which a significant number are in need of emergency food assistance, according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. Despite the generally favourable crop prospects in the key-producing regions of the north, the sharp depreciation of the Naira, coupled with persisting civil conflict in northern states has continued to disrupt market activities and keep prices at near record highs.
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn
  • Over 3.4 million people are severely food insecure, mainly in the conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile, but also in traditional surplus-producing areas of Greater Bahr el Ghazal and Greater Equatoria regions due to insecurity, trade disruptions and high prices.
Reduced cereal output following drought conditions
  • An estimated 638 251 people in need of assistance, reflecting the impact of the drought-reduced 2016 harvest and livestock losses. Higher food prices are further affecting the food security conditions.
Refugees putting strain on host communities and lingering impact of reduced 2015 harvest
  • Over 32 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country.
  • About 153 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities, displacements
  • The number of refugees from the Central African Republic, who mainly entered East, Adamaoua and North regions, was estimated in October at 274 000. In addition, about 86 000 refugees from Nigeria have entered the Far North and North regions since May 2013. Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria also led to the internal displacement of 200 000 individuals.
  • The number of food insecure people is currently estimated at 2.6 million, more than twice the level in June 2015.
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
  • As of late October 2016, about 29 300 refugees from the Central African Republic are sheltering in the country.
Lingering impact of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak
  • All neighbouring countries have re-opened their borders with Guinea, which has led to a significant increase in trade flows.
  • About 51 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Adverse weather on crops production during the first semester of 2016
  • About 1.25 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in southeastern and coastal areas, following the negative impact of poor 2016 “long-rains” on crops production.
Lingering impact of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak
  • The country is hosting more than 20 000 refugees as of end-May 2016, most of them from Côte d’Ivoire.
  • About 53 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. 
Severe drought conditions in southern areas
  • Drought conditions in southern regions caused a sharp decrease in the 2016 cereal harvest from an already below-average 2015 output, resulting in severe food insecurity conditions; approximately 850 000 people require humanitarian assistance in Androy, Anosy and Astimo Andrefana. Higher food prices have also exacerbated the situation.
  • At the national level, rice production in 2016 was estimated to have remained below average, but marginally up on last year’s level. 
Population displacements and civil insecurity in northern areas
  • An estimated 37 000 people have been internally displaced in the country mostly residing in Timbuktu, the most affected region.
  • About 177 000 people, located mostly in Timbuktu, Mopti and Bamako regions, are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Refugee caseload continues to put additional pressure on local food supplies
  • About 42 000 Malian refugees remain in southeastern Mauritania in the Mbeera camp.
  • Over 119 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Lingering impact of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak
  • About 159 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Conflict, civil insecurity and localized drought conditions
  • About 1.1 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and drought affected agro-pastoral communities in northern regions.
Conflict and civil insecurity
  • An estimated 3.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly IDPs and host communities in conflict affected areas.
Below-average crop production
  • About 393 000 people in Karamoja region are estimated to be severely food insecure following consecutive seasons of reduced agricultural outputs.
Worsening civil conflict
  • Agricultural production is significantly affected by conflict; the 2016 wheat production estimated at 1.5 million tonnes, 55 percent less that the pre-crisis average (2007-2011).
  • About 9.4 million people continue to require food assistance.
  • Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also putting strain on other host communities in neighbouring countries.
Low agricultural output and economic downturn
  • Heavy rains in late August and early September 2016 reportedly caused localized floods across northeastern parts of the country, resulting in damage to arable land, housing and infrastructure. These areas were also negatively impacted by the floods in August 2015.
  • Despite an expected partial recovery in the 2016 aggregate food production, supplies remain tight and 18 million people remain dependent on Government‑distributed food rations.
  • Given the overall tight supply situation, most households are anticipated to continue to experience borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Conflict, poverty, and high food and fuel prices
  • According to the IPC analysis of June 2016, out of the 14.12 million food insecure people (9.4 percent higher than the previous year), about 7 million were in IPC Phase 4: “Emergency”, while 7.1 million were in IPC Phase 3: “Crisis”. The current numbers are likely to be higher.
  • A below‑average cereal harvest expected in 2016 but abundant rainfall had positive effects on livestock production.
Continuing conflict and population displacement
  • According to the IPC analysis of April 2016, 8.4 million people are classified in an acute food insecurity crisis and emergency situation. The most food insecure population are in Ghor, Badakhshan, Nuristan and Nangarhar provinces.
  • Changes in refugee policies in Pakistan have led to steep increases in returnees: up to 400 000 undocumented returnees and around 200 000 documented returnees will arrive in Afghanistan by the end of 2016 putting strain on the limited local resources, particularly in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
Escalation of conflict and large internal displacement
  • Over 2 million people have been displaced since January 2014.
  • Some 1.8 million beneficiaries (IDPs, non‑displaced food insecure in conflict areas and food insecure host families) are receiving food assistance.
Security related uncertainties disrupt distribution systems
  • The number of people in need of food assistance is estimated at 0.4 million, with refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced among the most vulnerable.
  • Food shortages are reported mostly in the south and east where basic food items, including wheat, bread, flour, pasta, oil, milk and fortified blended foods for children are in short supply. Access to subsidized food among the affected population is limited.
Impact of floods for a second consecutive year and renewed conflict in northern parts of Rakhine State
  • Floods in 2016 severely affected an estimated 500 000 people.
  • Households in Chin and Rakhine states still remain highly vulnerable, as they have not yet recovered from the impact of last year’s floods.
  • Around 30 000 people are estimated to have been displaced following the escalation of the conflict in northern parts of Rakhine State since early October 2016. Around 162 000 people are estimated to be food insecure with at least 78 000 in urgent need of food.

 

Lingering impact of the 2015 earthquake and localized floods in 2016
  • An earthquake struck the country in April 2015, mostly impacting central and western parts and resulting in the loss of nearly 9 000 lives.
  • Despite overall improved prospects for 2016 cereal production, localized flooding in several locations have caused some damage to the summer crops.
Population displacement and localized cereal production shortfalls
  • As of October 2016 an estimated 1.3 million Afghan refugees remain displaced in northern Pakistan, due to recurrent insecurity.
  • In Tharparkar District and the surrounding areas of Sindh Province, the drought-affected cereal production and the loss of livestock for the third consecutive year has aggravated food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition.
An estimated 1.4 million people are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance, due to the impact of Hurricane Matthew that struck the country in early October 2016
  • Grand’Anse, Nippes and Sud were the most affected departments.
Lingering impact of weather events on agricultural production
  • Severe localized staple food production shortfalls in 2016, following the prolonged drought linked to the 2015/16 El Niño episode, are expected to worsen the food insecurity situation of vulnerable groups, particularly in the Highlands Region.