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Countries requiring external assistance for food

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. GIEWS updates this list four times a year.

March 2017
  (total: 37 countries)
Nature of Food Insecurity
Main Reasons
Changes from last report
Conflict, displacements and food supply constraints
  • The Internally Displaced Person (IDP) caseload was estimated at 412 000 in mid-January, a slight decline from its peak of 434 000 in late November 2016 when renewed violence displaced about 150 000 people in central and southern prefectures. About 2 million people (40 percent of the total population) are in need of urgent assistance (IPC Phase 3: “Crisis” and IPC Phase 4: “Emergency”) as a result of three consecutive years of reduced harvests and food access constraints due to market disruptions and declining purchasing power.

     
Tight cereal supplies and higher food prices
  • An estimated 6.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly a result of the reduced harvest in 2016 and higher food prices.
  • Production prospects for the 2017 cereal crop are overall favourable, but an army worm infestation and localized floods may restrain outputs in some areas.
Significant reduction in cereal production in 2016
  • An estimated 44 percent (4.07 million people) of the rural population are currently food insecure, mostly due to the impact of the 2016 drought on agricultural production.
  • The production outlook for the 2017 cereal crop is more favourable than the previous year, but an army worm infestation may limit outputs in some areas, further stressing food security conditions.
Civil insecurity and economic downturn
  • Disruptions to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, coupled with limited humanitarian assistance and declining food import capacity, continue to seriously affect food security conditions of households, especially in Kirundo, Muyinga, Rutada and Ruyigi provinces.
  • About 1.5 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Population displacements and civil insecurity
  • Approximately 393 000 refugees, 108 000 IDPs, as well as an estimated 115 000 Chadian returnees, continue to add pressure on local food supplies, negatively affecting food security.
  • About 456 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis (November 2016).

 

Conflict and displacements in eastern provinces, as well as influx of refugees putting strain on host communities
  • As of late December 2016, the IDP caseload was estimated at 2.2 million, 300 000 more than the previous estimate in late September. About 6 million people are estimated to be in acute food insecurity and livelihood crisis (IPC Phase 3: “Crisis” and IPC Phase 4: “Emergency”). The country hosts 102 500 refugees from the Central African Republic, 66 700 from South Sudan and 36 300 from Burundi.
Lingering effects of unfavourable rainy seasons on pastoral livelihoods
  • About 197 000 people are severely food insecure, down from the previous estimate, mainly concentrated in pastoral inland areas of Obock and Dikhil regions.
Economic constraints have increased the population’s vulnerability to food insecurity
Lingering effects of the previous year’s severe drought on local livelihood systems
  • Drought affected second season crops and pastures in south and southeastern areas; lingering effects of 2015 severe drought on local livelihood systems.
  • Overall, an estimated 5.6 million people are food insecure.
Tighter domestic supplies and higher food prices
  • Just under 710 000 people are estimated to be food insecure on account of the drought-reduced 2016 harvest and higher food prices.
Tighter supplies and sharply higher food prices
  • Drought conditions in 2016 resulted in lower cereal outputs in southern provinces and in parts of central provinces, while higher prices are adversely impacting food access. Nearly 2 million people are food insecure and require humanitarian assistance.
  • Recent flooding in some central and southern parts is likely to restrain 2017 cereal production in the affected areas.
Population displacements and civil insecurity
  • More than 300 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
  • Approximately 61 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country.
  • Almost 121 000 people, mostly in the southeast Diffa Region, have been displaced due to fear of attacks.
Economic downturn, steep depreciation of the local currency, population displacements and severe civil insecurity in northern areas
  • About 8.1 million people are estimated to be facing acute food insecurity and require urgent lifesaving response and livelihood protection, including 55 000 people in CH Phase 5: “Famine” (i.e. IPC Catastrophy), according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. Despite the above-average cereal harvest gathered in 2016, the sharp depreciation of the Naira, coupled with persisting civil conflict in northern states has continued to disrupt market activities and keep prices at high levels.
  • Approximately 1.8 million people have been internally‑displaced in the northeastern region of the country.
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn
  • Famine has been declared in parts of former Unity State. Over 4.9 million people are severely food insecure, mainly in the conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile, but also in traditional surplus-producing areas of Greater Bahr el Ghazal and Greater Equatoria regions due to insecurity, trade disruptions and high prices.
Reduced agricultural output following drought conditions
  • Nearly 640 000 people are in need of assistance, reflecting the impact of the drought-reduced 2016 harvest and livestock losses. Higher food prices have further affected food security conditions.
  • Production prospects for the 2017 crop are favourable and an improved agricultural output will help to recuperate food security conditions.
Refugees putting strain on host communities
  • Over 32 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country.
  • About 153 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, despite the bumper 2016 cereal harvest.
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities and displacements
  • The number of refugees from the Central African Republic was estimated in December at 276 000.  Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria also led to the internal displacement of 192 000 individuals.
  • The number of food insecure people is currently estimated at 2.8 million.
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
  • As of mid-November 2016, about 23 600 refugees from the Central African Republic are sheltering in the country.
Lingering impact of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak
  • All neighbouring countries have re-opened their borders with Guinea, which has led to a significant increase in trade flows.
  • About 51 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Drought impact on crop production and livestock during the last quarter of 2016
  • About 2.7 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in eastern, southeastern and coastal areas, following the negative impact of poor 2016 “short‑rains”.
Lingering impact of the EVD outbreak
  • The country is hosting approximately 19 000 refugees as of end-December 2016, most of them from Côte d’Ivoire.
  • About 53 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Severe drought conditions in southern areas
  • The sharp decrease in the 2016 cereal harvest compared to the average resulted in severe food insecurity conditions; approximately 850 000 people require humanitarian assistance in Androy, Anosy and Astimo Andrefana. Higher food prices have also exacerbated the situation.
  • Agricultural conditions in southern parts have improved in 2017 due to beneficial seasonal rains, but drier conditions in eastern and some northern parts may limit this year’s harvest in the affected areas.
Population displacements and civil insecurity in northern areas
  • An estimated 37 000 people have been internally displaced in the country mostly residing in Timbuktu, the most affected region.
  • About 177 000 people, located mostly in Timbuktu, Mopti and Bamako regions, are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Refugee caseload continues to put additional pressure on local food supplies
  • As of December 2016, about 45 000 Malian refugees remain in southeastern Mauritania in the Mbeera camp.
  • Over 119 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Lingering impact of the EVD outbreak
  • About 159 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Conflict, civil insecurity and widespread drought conditions
  • About 2.9 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and drought-affected agro-pastoral communities across the country.
Conflict and civil insecurity
  • An estimated 3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly IDPs and host communities in conflict-affected areas.
Below-average crop production
  • About 1.6 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure following two consecutive seasons of reduced agricultural outputs.
Worsening civil conflict
  • Agricultural production continues to be significantly affected by conflict, despite favourable weather.
  • About 7 million people are estimated to be food insecure and a further 2 million are at risk of food insecurity.
  • Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also putting strain on other host communities in neighbouring countries.
Low agricultural output and economic downturn
  • Localized floods across northeastern parts of the country in September 2016, resulted in damage to arable land, housing and infrastructure. These areas were also negatively impacted by the floods in August 2015.
  • Despite an expected partial recovery in the 2016 aggregate food production, supplies remain tight and 18 million people remain dependent on Government distributed food rations.
  • Given the overall tight supply situation, most households are anticipated to continue to experience borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Conflict, poverty, and high food and fuel prices
  • According to the Emergency Food and Nutrition Assessment, over 17 million people are food insecure, with an increase of 3 million from the last IPC analysis of June 2016. The risk of famine declaration is high.
  • A below-average cereal harvest was gathered in 2016 but abundant rainfall had positive effects on livestock production.
Continuing conflict and population displacement
  • Almost 1.6 million people are severely food insecure and 9.7 million people moderately food insecure.
  • Over 630 000 people were displaced by the conflict in 2016, mostly in the hard-to-access areas.
  • Since 1 January 2016, over 728 000 undocumented Afghans have returned mostly due to changes in refugee policies in Pakistan.
Civil conflict
  • Over 3 million people have been internally displaced.
  • About 2.4 million people are estimated to be food insecure, of which 1.5 million severely food insecure.
Civil insecurity
  • The number of people in need of food assistance is estimated at 0.4 million, with refugees, asylum seekers and internally-displaced among the most vulnerable.
  • Food shortages are reported mostly in the south and east where basic food items, including wheat, bread, flour, pasta, oil, milk and fortified blended foods for children are in short supply. Access to subsidized food among the affected population is limited.
Impact of floods for a second consecutive year and renewed conflict in northern parts of Rakhine State
  • Floods in 2016 severely affected an estimated 500 000 people.
  • Households in Chin and Rakhine states still remain highly vulnerable as they have not yet recovered from the impact of the floods in 2015.
  • Around 120 000 people are estimated to have been displaced in Rakhine and 98 000 in Kachin and Shan states. Around 162 000 people are estimated to be food insecure with at least 78 000 in urgent need of food.
Population displacement and localized cereal production shortfalls
  • As of January 2017 an estimated 3.2 million people were in need of humanitarian aid. About 504 000 people (approximately 74 000 families) remain displaced in northern Pakistan due to recurrent insecurity.
  • In Tharparkar District and the surrounding areas of Sindh Province, the drought-affected cereal production and the loss of livestock for the third consecutive year have aggravated the food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition.
Recurrent droughts and hurricane damage
  • Recurring droughts in 2014 and 2016, coupled with the effects of Hurricane Matthew in 2016, had a devastating impact on food security.
  • As a result of the reduced availability and access to food in the affected areas, an estimated 1.5 million people are food insecure, of which 1.3 million will be assisted in 2017.