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GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System

Countries requiring external assistance for food

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. GIEWS updates this list four times a year.

June 2018
  (total: 39 countries)
Nature of Food Insecurity
Main Reasons
Changes from last report
Conflict, displacements and food supply constraints
  • The Internally Displaced People (IDPs) caseload in March 2018 was estimated at about 687 000, a 14 percent increase since October 2017. About 1.6 million people (34 percent of the total population) are estimated to be in need of urgent assistance for food due to the persisting widespread insecurity, several consecutive years of reduced agricultural production and poorly functioning markets especially for displaced persons, host families and returnees. 
  • Violent clashes and inter-communal tensions continue to increase, exacerbating the massive displacements, with a severe negative impact on the food security situation.
Civil insecurity, economic downturn and localized crop production shortfalls
  • Disruptions to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, coupled with limited humanitarian assistance and declining food import capacity, continue to seriously affect food security conditions. The area most affected by food insecurity is the Ruyigi Province in the west. About 1.8 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Civil insecurity, internal displacements and deterioration of pastoral conditions
  • According to the March 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé”, about 624 000 people were estimated to be in need of food assistance from March to May. About 990 000 are projected to be food insecure during June to August due to the serious deterioration of pastoral conditions in the Sahel. 
  • Nearly 1.9 million people remained internally displaced, almost entirely by the insurgency in the northeast. 
  • Approximately 450 000 refugees are recorded.
Conflict and displacements in eastern and southern areas as well as an influx of refugees straining resources of host communities
  • About 7.7 million people are estimated to be in acute food insecurity and livelihood crisis. The country hosts 182 000 refugees from the Central African Republic, while numbers have recently increased from South Sudan to 91 000, and from Burundi to 47 000. As of February 2018, the IDP caseload was estimated at 4.5 million.
  • An outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) has been reported and as of 18 May, 45 cases have been confirmed.
Impact of consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons on pastoral livelihoods
  • About 197 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly concentrated in pastoral areas north of Obock City and in southeastern border areas, which were affected by consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons.
  • As of late May, about 3 000 individuals had been displaced by floods, which were triggered by Cyclone Sagar which struck the country on 19 and 20 May.
Economic constraints have increased the population’s vulnerability to food insecurity
Impact of drought on local livelihood systems
  • In late February 2018, 7.88 million people were estimated to be food insecure, mainly in southeastern agro‑pastoral areas, affected by drought conditions prevailing between mid-2016 and late 2017.
  • As of late May, almost 220 000 individuals had been displaced by floods which were triggered by torrential rains since April and by Cyclone Sagar which struck the country on 19 and 20 May.
Civil conflict and pastoral deficit hinder food security conditions
  • According to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, approximately 787 000 people currently require immediate assistance. This number is expected to slightly increase to about 800 000 people in the June‑August period.
  • Due to civil conflict in neighbouring countries, more than 166 000 people reside as refugees, of which 108 000 are from Nigeria and 57 000 are from Mali.
Persisting conflict results in population displacements, market disruptions and limited access to food aid in northern areas
  • According to the March 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 3.1 million people require assistance. This figure is projected to increase to almost 5.3 million from June to August. 
  • Market functionality and livelihood activities remain disturbed by the ongoing civil insecurity, limiting food access to vulnerable households. The areas inaccessible to humanitarian interventions are facing the worse food security conditions.
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn
  • Despite sustained humanitarian assistance, food insecurity still affects large segments of the population. The number of severely food insecure people for the period May-July is estimated at 7.1 million, due to persisting insecurity, trade disruptions and high food prices.
Tight supplies and high prices
  • According to the March 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 742 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance from March to May. This figure is expected to increase to over 950 000 from June to August mainly due to localized production deficits.
  • About 25 000 refugees, most of them from Mali, are estimated to be living in the country.
Poor performance of the 2017 agro‑pastoral cropping season caused significant loss of livelihoods
  • According to the March 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 21 000 people (approximately 4 percent of the total population) were estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above between March and May 2018, a small decline compared to the 28 500 people estimated between October and December 2017. If no mitigation measures are taken the number is projected to remain stable from June to August. 
Influx of refugees putting strain on host communities and displacements
  • The number of refugees from the Central African Republic was estimated at 256 000 as of April 2018. Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria also led to the internal displacement of 241 000 individuals.

Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
  • As of end-November 2017, about 32 000 refugees from the Central African Republic are sheltering in the country.
Reduced crop production
  • An expected decrease in cereal production in 2018 is anticipated to aggravate food security conditions compared to the previous year.
Localized production shortfalls
  • About 34 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons affect crop and livestock production
  • About 2.35 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in eastern, southeastern and coastal areas, affected by drought conditions prevailing between mid-2016 and late 2017.
  • As of late May, more than 300 000 individuals had been displaced by floods, which were triggered by torrential rains since March.
Localized production shortfalls
  • Reflecting expectations of a reduced cereal output in 2018, food security conditions are expected to worsen. 
  • An estimated 225 000 people were in need of food assistance in 2017.
Localized production shortfalls and influx of refugees
  • About 29 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance.
Civil insecurity
  • The number of people in need of food assistance is estimated at 0.4 million, with refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced among the most vulnerable.
  • Food shortages are reported mostly in the south and east where basic food items are in short supply. Access to subsidized food among the affected population is limited.
Dry spells and impact of cyclones
  • Food security conditions are expected to be stressed in southwestern areas, due to unfavourable seasonal rains and, therefore, expected production decreases.
  • However, at the national level, rice production is expected to increase in 2018, easing supply pressure and helping to improve food availability.
Reduced cereal production
  • Food security conditions are expected to intensify in 2018 compared to the previous year, reflecting expectations of a below average cereal output in 2018. 
  • In 2017, 0.84 million people were estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance.
Civil insecurity in northern areas and limited access due to falling income from pastoral production
  • The country is hosting approximately 20 000 refugees, 50 000 internally displaced people and 64 000 returnees that depend mainly on humanitarian assistance. 
  • About 387 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance from March to May according to the March 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. This figure is projected to increase to 933 000 from June to August as the civil conflict is expected to persist.
Declines in agricultural and pastoral production result in unfavourable food security outcomes
  • According to the March 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 350 000 people are in need of food assistance from March to May, while some 538 000 people will require assistance from June to August given their below average cereal supplies and weak household purchasing power.
  • About 58 000 refugees, mostly from Mali, reside in the country.
Weather shocks
  • Food security conditions are expected to worsen in 2018 in southern and some central provinces due to the unfavourable weather conditions that are anticipated to cause a reduction in the 2018 cereal harvest.
Poor pastoral conditions have led to an unfavourable food security situation in northern parts of the country
  • According to the March 2018 “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis, about 320 000 people are assessed to be in need of food assistance from March to May, while 750 000 people are estimated to be in need of assistance from June to August.
  • An estimated 15 000 refugees, mostly from Mauritania, are residing in the country.
Floods and localized production shortfalls
  • About 12 000 people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Conflict, civil insecurity and widespread drought conditions
  • About 2.7 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and agro‑pastoral communities affected by drought conditions prevailing between mid-2016 and late 2017.
  • As of late May, about 227 000 individuals had been displaced by floods triggered by torrential rains since April.
Conflict and civil insecurity
  • The number of severely food insecure people for the period May-July is estimated at 6.2 million, mainly IDPs and host communities in conflict‑affected areas. Vulnerable households affected by soaring food prices and crop production shortfalls during the 2018 season are also of concern.
Below-average crop production
  • About 0.44 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure due to the lingering effects of two consecutive seasons of reduced agricultural outputs in 2016.
  • More than 1 million refugees from South Sudan are hosted in camps in the northwestern parts of the country and depend on humanitarian assistance.
Food access constraints
  • An expected fall in cereal production is anticipated to stress food security conditions in the second half of 2018, particularly in southern and western areas. In the previous year, over 1 million people were estimated to be food insecure.
Civil conflict
  • About 6.5 million people are food insecure and 4 million are at risk of food insecurity.
  • Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also straining host communities' resources in neighbouring countries.
Reduced agricultural output and economic downturn
  • The 2017 main season is estimated to have decreased compared to last year’s near-average level due to water deficits. 
  • As a result, most households are anticipated to continue to experience borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Conflict, poverty and high food and fuel prices
  • An estimated 17.8 million people are food insecure and require urgent humanitarian assistance, a 5 percent increase over 2017 estimates.
Continuing conflict and population displacement
  • Almost 1.9 million people are severely food insecure and 5.7 million moderately food insecure. 
  • So far in 2018, over 100 000 people were displaced by conflict, adding to 500 000 displaced in 2017 and over 650 000 displaced in 2016.
Civil conflict
  • As of January 2018, about 2.6 million people were internally displaced.
  • About 800 000 people were in need of food security assistance in December 2017.
Conflict in parts of Kachin, Shan and resurgence of violence in Rakhine
  • According to the latest data from UNOCHA (May 2018), an estimated 905 000 refugees from Myanmar were in Bangladesh and 241 000 people were internally displaced in Kachin, Kayin, Shan and Rakhine states due to ongoing conflict. These populations rely mainly on humanitarian assistance to cover their basic needs.
Population displacement and localized cereal production shortfalls
  • In Tharparkar District and the surrounding areas of Sindh Province, the drought-affected cereal production and the loss of livestock for the third consecutive year have aggravated food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition.
  • The country hosts close to 1.4 million registered and unregistered Afghan refugees. Most of these people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Recurrent droughts and hurricane damage
  • As a result of the impact of recurring droughts in 2014 and 2016, coupled with the effects of hurricanes Matthew and Irma in 2016 and 2017, respectively, an estimated 1.32 million people are in need of food assistance.