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March 2015

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
(total: 34 countries)

 
Click on country to see details in the GIEWS Country Briefs

AFRICA ( 27 countries )

Map View 
Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report1
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Central African Republic
Conflict, displacements and constraints in available supplies

The Internally Displaced Person (IDP) caseload increased from 378 000 in late August to 452 000 in January 2016 due to the resurgence of inter-communal violence. According to the findings of the CFSAM, 67 percent of the surveyed groups have indicated that the food security situation has deteriorated compared to 2014.
The significant tightening of food supplies has driven up prices.
Zimbabwe
Drought-affected 2016 production prospects and sharply reduced 2015 harvest

El Niño-associated drought conditions have severely weakened 2016 production prospects and worsened livestock conditions.
The expected reduced agricultural output comes on the back of a sharply lower 2015 harvest, 49 percent below the previous five-year average.
Recently revised food insecure numbers indicate that 2.8 million people require assistance, up from an early estimate of 1.5 million.
Widespread lack of access
Burkina Faso
In spite of the generally favourable food supply situation, the country continues to host a large number of refugees from neighbouring Mali

Over 34 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country.
About 126 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Chad
Large caseload of refugees puts additional pressure on local food supplies

Over 370 000 refugees, 45 000 IDPs, as well as the return of an estimated 100 000 Chadians, continue to add pressure on local food supplies, negatively affecting food security.
Over 4 447 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Djibouti
Inadequate pasture availability due to consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons

About 230 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly in pastoral southeastern areas and in the Obock Region.
Eritrea
Vulnerability to food insecurity due to El Niño-related drought and economic constraints
Guinea
The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic is largely contained

Guinea was declared free of Ebola transmission in December 2015 and all neighbouring countries have re-opened their borders with Guinea, which led to a significant increase in trade flows. About 40 500 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Liberia
The EVD epidemic is largely contained

Liberia was declared free of the Ebola virus transmission in the human population in September 2015 and food markets have recovered significantly.
The country is hosting about 36 041 refugees as of end-December 2015, most of them from Côte d’Ivoire.
About 17 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Malawi
Tight cereal supplies and poor cereal production prospects in 2016

Maize production in 2016 is expected to fall from the below-average 2015 harvest due to unfavourable seasonal rains.
The number of people requiring assistance in 2015/16 is estimated at 2.8 million, up from 1.3 million in 2014/15.
Record maize prices are also constraining food access and further aggravating food security conditions.
Mali
Population displacements and insecurity in northern areas

About 115 000 people, located mostly in Timbuktu, Mopti and Sikasso regions, are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Mauritania
Refugee caseload continue to put additional pressure on local food supplies

More than 50 000 Malian refugees remain in southeastern Mauritania.
Over 149 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Niger
Recurrent severe food crisis

About 657 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Over 59 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country.
More than 100 000 people in the southeast Diffa Region have been displaced due to fear of attacks.
Sierra Leone
The EVD has largely been controlled

Sierra Leone was declared free of the Ebola virus transmission in the human population in November 2015 and trade flows of agricultural commodities to Guinea, Mali and Senegal have been recovering gradually.
About 420 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Severe localized food insecurity
Burundi
Unrest and civil insecurity

Disruption to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, seriously affect food security conditions of households in Kirundo, Muyinga and Makamba provinces.
Cameroon
Influx of refugees exacerbating food insecurity of the host communities, Displacement

The number of refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR), which mainly entered East, Adamaoua and North regions, was estimated at 267 000 in January 2016. About 65 000 refugees from Nigeria mainly entered the Far North Region since May 2013.
In February 2016, the number of food insecure people was estimated at 2.4 million, more than two times the level in June 2015. The most affected area is the Far North Region.
Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria has led to the internal displacement of 158 000 individuals.
Congo
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities

As of January 2016, about 27 000 refugees from the CAR are sheltering in the country.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Conflict and displacements in eastern provinces; Influx of refugees straining on the already limited resources of host communities; Impact of floods

As of December 2015, the total number of IDPs was estimated at 1.5 million.
An estimated 4.5 million people are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Eastern and Southern conflict-affected provinces (September 2015).
As of late August, refugees from the CAR, mainly hosted in the northern Equateur Province, were estimated at about 97 000.
Torrential rains received in the last quarter of 2015 and in January 2016, linked to El Niño, have resulted in floods which affected about half a million people, caused the displacement of 50 000 individuals and damaged about 9 000 hectares of crop land.
Destruction of food stocks has also been reported. The most affected areas are the province of Maniema in the east, the province of Mongala in the northwest, Orientale Province in the northeast and Katanga Province in the south.
Ethiopia
Impact of severe drought on livestock and crop production

The estimated number of food insecure people has sharply increased from 2.9 million in January 2015 to 10.2 million in December 2015, as severe rainfall deficits led to the rapid deterioration of food security conditions in several agro-pastoral and pastoral areas.
Locally, thousands of livestock deaths are severely limiting the availability of nutritious livestock products and households’ incomes.
Kenya
Reduced second season crop production during the first quarter of 2015 and worsening pasture conditions

About 1.1 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in coastal and northeastern counties.
Lesotho
Drought conditions impacting 2016 production prospects and reduced 2015 harvest

Reflecting the current El Niño-associated drought conditions that have sharply lowered production prospects and adversely impacted on livestock conditions, the number of people requiring assistance in 2015/16 was recently revised upwards from 463 936 to 534 502.
Madagascar
Drought conditions in southern areas and tighter cereal supplies

Successive poor agricultural seasons in southern areas have resulted in severe food security conditions in these areas, with 2016 production prospects similarly unfavourable.
Nationally, an estimated 1.89 million people are food insecure.
Mozambique
Tighter cereal supplies and poor cereal production prospects in 2016

Maize production in 2016 is expected to fall compared to the below-average 2015 harvest due to unfavourable seasonal rains.
Currently, an estimated 176 139 people are food insecure.
Somalia
Conflict, civil insecurity and reduced localized crop production

About 1 million people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and drought-affected agro-pastoral communities in northern regions.
South Sudan
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn

Over 2.8 million people, including 40 000 people in the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Household Phase 5: “Catastrophe”, are severely food insecure, mainly in the conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.
New pockets of severe food insecurity are in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Warrap and Eastern Equatoria states due to trade disruptions and high market prices.
Sudan
Conflict and civil insecurity

An estimated 3.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly IDPs in conflict affected areas and pastoral communities.
Swaziland
Poor cereal production prospects in 2016

El Niño-associated drought conditions have sharply lowered 2016 production prospects and adversely impacted livestock conditions.
The current unfavourable production prospects come on the back of a poor agricultural season in 2015/16 and higher maize prices which are adversely impacting on food security conditions.
Approximately 300 000 people are food insecure.
+
Uganda
Below-average crop production

About 320 000 people in Karamoja region are estimated to be severely food insecure following consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

ASIA ( 7 countries )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report1
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Iraq
Escalation of the conflict and large internal displacement

Over 2 million people have been displaced since January 2014.
Some 1.8 million beneficiaries (IDPs, non-displaced food insecure in conflict areas and food insecure host families) are receiving food assistance.
Internal trade restrictions and reduced access to stocks held in the areas under ISIL control.
Syrian Arab Republic
Worsening civil conflict

Agricultural production significantly affected by conflict.
About 13.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, with caseloads increasing.
Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also putting strain on other host communities in neighbouring countries.
WFP plans to reach 2 million people with food assistance in neighbouring countries and 4.5 million within the country.
Widespread lack of access
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Impact of drought and floods in 2015

Poor rains between April and mid-July, coupled with reduced supplies of irrigation water, sharply decreased the 2015 early and main season food crops production. Heavy rains from late July to early August 2015 reportedly caused some localized floods across North Hamgyong and Rason provinces, located in the northeastern part of the country, causing severe damage to housing and infrastructure (including schools, roads and bridges).
With a reduced harvest in 2015, the food security situation is likely to deteriorate compared to the situation of previous years, when most households were already estimated to have borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Yemen
Conflict, poverty, and high food and fuel prices

Around 21.2 million people, 82 percent of the population, require some kind of humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs or protect their fundamental rights.
According to the IPC indicative analysis of June 2015, out of the 12.9 million food insecure people across the country, about 6.1 million were in Phase: 4 “Emergency”, while 6.8 million were in Phase: 3 “Crisis”.
The level of food insecurity increased by 21 percent compared to the previous year.
Severe localized food insecurity
Afghanistan
Continuing conflict and population displacement

Some 2.1 million people are classified as very severely food insecure.
Over 700 000 people are internally displaced, mostly in Helmand Province.
About 1.7 million people targeted with food assistance.
Myanmar
Impact of floods in July-August 2015

Nearly 1.7 million people were displaced by heavy rainfall and the passing of Cyclone Komen in July.
The floods caused severe damage to productive assets and resulted in a reduction of the 2015 main season paddy production. In the states of Chin and Rakhine, paddy production is expected to fall by up to 16 percent, constraining food access and pushing up consumer prices. In these areas, there are pockets where people may face severe food shortages in the coming months and may require relief assistance.
Nepal
Impact of the earthquake in April 2015

The earthquake that struck in April 2015, mostly impacting central and western parts, resulted in the loss of nearly 9 000 lives. In addition, the damage to the agricultural sector, coupled with poor rains during the cropping season, contributed to a reduction in 2015 cereal output, mainly for rice and maize crops.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

 

COUNTRIES WITH UNFAVOURABLE PROSPECTS FOR CURRENT CROPS
(total: 14 countries)

Map View 
CountryMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
AFRICA ( 14 countries )
AlgeriaDrought conditions have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects, particularly of winter cereals.+
AngolaDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
BotswanaDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
Central African RepublicThe widespread conflict, which caused large-scale displacements, the loss and the depletion of the households’ productive assets and input shortages, is continuing to weigh down the early 2016 production outlook.
LesothoDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
MadagascarDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
MalawiDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
MoroccoDrought conditions have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects, particularly of winter cereals.+
MozambiqueDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
NamibiaDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
South AfricaDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
SwazilandDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
ZambiaDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
ZimbabweDrought conditions, associated with the El Niño episode, have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects. Aggregate cereal production is expected to decline from last year’s already reduced and below-average level.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

TERMINOLOGY

Countries requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. Food crises are nearly always due to a combination of factors, but for the purpose of response planning, it is important to establish whether the nature of food crises is predominantly related to lack of food availability, limited access to food, or severe but localized problems. Accordingly, the list of countries requiring external assistance is organized into three broad, not mutually exclusive, categories:

  • Countries facing an exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies as a result of crop failure, natural disasters, interruption of imports, disruption of distribution, excessive post-harvest losses, or other supply bottlenecks.

  • Countries with widespread lack of access, where a majority of the population is considered to be unable to procure food from local markets, due to very low incomes, exceptionally high food prices, or the inability to circulate within the country.

  • Countries with severe localized food insecurity due to the influx of refugees, a concentration of internally displaced persons, or areas with combinations of crop failure and deep poverty.

Unfavourable Prospects for Current Crops are countries where prospects point to a shortfall in production of current crops as a result of a reduction of the area planted and/or yields due to adverse weather conditions, plant pests, diseases and other calamities.


1. Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 4, December 2015
The maps on the GIEWS homepage indicate countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food.