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July 2014

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
(total: 33 countries)

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. However, many countries are also severely affected by high food and fuel prices. These include countries which are large net importers of cereals and fuels, with generally low per capita incomes, relatively high levels of malnutrition, and for which there is a strong transmission of high international food prices1.
 
Click on country to see details in the GIEWS Country Briefs

AFRICA ( 26 countries )

Map View 
Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Central African Republic
The food situation in 2014 remains serious due to continued conflict, displacements and damage to productive and other infrastructure. Crop production in 2013 declined by 38 percent from the previous year due to prevailing civil insecurity. The number of people in need of food assistance was estimated in April 2014 at about 1.7 million, out of a total population of 4.6 million. The IDP caseload, as of early June, was estimated at 552 000 persons.
Zimbabwe
Food security conditions are expected to improve in 2014/15, on account of the large production gain estimated this year. However, higher maize prices will continue to cause some access constraints.
Widespread lack of access
Burkina Faso
A massive influx of refugees from Mali has put additional pressure on local food supplies. Over 33 800 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country as of April 2014.
Chad
Influx of refugees, extended at over 461 000 people from the Sudan’s Darfur region, the Central African Republic and northern Nigeria, and the return of an estimated 340 000 Chadians have put additional pressure on the local food supply affecting food security.
Djibouti
About 124 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly in pastoral southeastern areas and in Obock region, due to below-average March to May rains and reduced humanitarian assistance.
Eritrea
Vulnerability to food insecurity due to economic constraints.
Guinea
Despite improved access to food in recent months, driven mostly by lower prices of imported commodities, assistance is still needed to overcome the lingering effects of several years of high food prices and general inflation.
Liberia
Slow recovery from war related damages, inadequate social services and infrastructure, poor market access and presence of some 42 000 Ivorian refugees in the country (as of June 2014) result in the need for continued international support.
Malawi
Cereal production in 2014 is estimated at an above-average level, resulting in improved food availability in 2014/15. However, localized production losses in parts of the north and south, due to a dry-spell, is likely to stress food security conditions in affected areas. Furthermore, despite some recent decreases, continuing high maize prices are expected to weigh heavily on food access.
Mali
Insecurity in northern Mali has resulted in large population displacement, worsening the already precarious food security situation created by previous droughts and floods. Over 1.5 million people, located mostly in the northern part of the country, were estimated to be in Phase 3: (Crisis) according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis conducted in March. The number of people in Phase 3 and above is expected to rise to over 1.9 million during the lean season from June to August.
Mauritania
More than 60 700 Malian refugees were still living in southeastern Mauritania as of April 2014. Moreover, Mauritania continues to be affected by relatively high domestic food prices. Over 367 000 people are estimated to be in “Cadre Harmonisé” Phase 3: (Crisis) and above.
Niger
The country has been struck by successive severe food crises in recent years that resulted in depletion of household assets and high level of indebtedness. Another below-average crop was gathered in 2013. About 2.2 million people are estimated to be in Phase 3: (Crisis) and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis conducted in March 2014.
Sierra Leone
Despite improved access to food in recent months, driven mostly by lower prices of imported commodities, assistance is still needed to overcome the lingering effects of several years of high food prices and general inflation.
Severe localized food insecurity
Cameroon
In North and Far North regions, recurrent climatic shocks in recent years have negatively impacted agricultural activities, resulting in localized crop failures. This has led to severe food insecurity and malnutrition for about 615 000 people. In addition, the number of refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) which entered East, Adamaoua and North regions since December 2013 was estimated at 100 000 in early June 2014, bringing the total number of refugees from CAR to more than 200 000, while 5 300 refugees from Nigeria entered the country since June 2013.
Congo
Significant food security problems are faced by large number of households. In addition, as of early June 2014, about 17 000 refugees from the CAR are sheltered in the country.
Côte d'Ivoire
Conflict related damage to agriculture in recent years and the lack of support services mainly in the northern regions. The 2011 post-election crisis forced thousands of people to leave the country and seek refuge, mostly in eastern Liberia where some 42 000 Ivorian refugees are currently living, as of June 2014.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The number of people in need of food assistance was estimated in December 2013 at about 6.7 million. The areas most affected by severe food insecurity (IPC Phase 4: “Humanitarian Emergency”) are parts of the conflict-affected Maniema, Oriental and Katanga provinces. As of May 2013, the total number of IDPs was estimated at more than 2.6 million, while the refugees from CAR and forced returnees expelled from the Republic of the Congo were estimated at 60 000 and 130 000, respectively.
Ethiopia
Overall food security is stable after the good 2013 main “meher” season harvest. However, about 2.4 million people are still estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance.
Lesotho
Food security conditions are anticipated to improve in 2014/15, with domestic cereal production estimated to remain near average.
Madagascar
Following the sharp decline in rice production in 2013, the expected above-average 2014 crop is anticipated to improve food availability and access. However, crop losses due to locusts and unfavourable climatic conditions, particularly in southern parts, will continue to stress food security conditions in affected areas.
Mozambique
Overall, food security conditions are expected to remain stable in 2014/15, with an estimated increase in 2014 maize production. In addition, prices of maize have been declining, helping to improve food access. However, assistance is needed for households affected by heavy rains and floods.
Senegal
Cereal production in 2013 is estimated to be 20 percent below the average. Already in 2012, production shortfalls and high food prices led to a difficult food situation in several parts of the country. About 2.9 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity this year.
Somalia
About 860 000 people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and poor households in some pastoral central and northwestern areas.
South Sudan
Since the conflict erupted in mid December 2013, the number of severely food insecure people increased dramatically to about 3.5 million, including 1.1 million IDPs.
Sudan
The number of people estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly IDPs in conflict-affected areas, has increased to 5 million.
Uganda
About 100 000 people in Karamoja region are estimated to be severely food insecure following two years of below-average crop production.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

ASIA ( 7 countries )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Iraq
Conflict escalation, together with the large internal displacements, has coincided with winter crops harvesting thus seriously compromising the final output.
Syrian Arab Republic
Due to worsening civil conflict, 6.3 million people are estimated to be facing severe food insecurity. Although some international food assistance is provided, the Syrian refugees are also putting strain on other countries in the region.
Widespread lack of access
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Despite a small increase in the aggregate food production for a third consecutive year in 2013/14, the food security situation remains unsatisfactory with 84 percent of households having borderline or poor food consumption. The food system in the DPRK remains highly vulnerable to shocks and serious shortages exist particularly in the production of protein-rich crops. The lean period, which lasts between May and August is expected to further aggravate the food security situation of much of the population of the country.
Yemen
The severely food-insecure population in need of emergency food assistance is estimated at 4.5 million people, 18 percent of the population, as a result of high levels of prolonged conflict, poverty, high food and fuel prices.
Severe localized food insecurity
Afghanistan
Some groups, particularly IDPs displaced by the conflict, returnees from Pakistan and natural disaster-affected households continue to face high level of food insecurity.
Kyrgyzstan
Situation is stable and significantly improved. Some concerns still exist with high food prices combined with poverty and uncertainty with this year’s cereals harvest.
Philippines
Food insecurity remains a concern for the population affected by Typhoon Haiyan that hit nine regions across central parts of the Philippines on 8 November 2013. According to the latest official estimates, as of May 2014, more than 2 million people are still living without adequate shelter or housing, including at least 26 000 people still displaced. The recovery in the agriculture sector has begun; however, it is expected to take a few seasons to recover fully. Record-high prices of rice, the country’s staple food are expected to further deteriorate the already tight food situation of vulnerable populations.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

 

COUNTRIES WITH UNFAVOURABLE PROSPECTS FOR CURRENT CROPS
(total: 4 countries)

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CountryMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
AFRICA ( 3 countries )
Central African RepublicThe widespread conflict, which caused the loss and the depletion of the households’ productive assets, together with shortages and soaring prices of inputs, is expected to severely affect the outcome of the cropping season.+
SomaliaBelow average 2013/14 “deyr” season harvest over major cropping areas in southern regions of Lower and Middle Shabelle, Hiran, Bakool and Gedo due to unfavourable weather and insecurity that hampered planting activities.
South SudanBelow-average 2014 main season crop output in conflict-affected areas due to significant disruption of planting and cultivation activities.+
ASIA/NEAR EAST ( 1 country )
Syrian Arab RepublicCivil insecurity, high costs of production and reduced input availability have caused reduced plantings of the 2013/14 winter cereal crops.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

TERMINOLOGY

Countries requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. Food crises are nearly always due to a combination of factors, but for the purpose of response planning, it is important to establish whether the nature of food crises is predominantly related to lack of food availability, limited access to food, or severe but localized problems. Accordingly, the list of countries requiring external assistance is organized into three broad, not mutually exclusive, categories:

  • Countries facing an exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies as a result of crop failure, natural disasters, interruption of imports, disruption of distribution, excessive post-harvest losses, or other supply bottlenecks.

  • Countries with widespread lack of access, where a majority of the population is considered to be unable to procure food from local markets, due to very low incomes, exceptionally high food prices, or the inability to circulate within the country.

  • Countries with severe localized food insecurity due to the influx of refugees, a concentration of internally displaced persons, or areas with combinations of crop failure and deep poverty.

Unfavourable Prospects for Current Crops are countries where prospects point to a shortfall in production of current crops as a result of a reduction of the area planted and/or yields due to adverse weather conditions, plant pests, diseases and other calamities.


1. See, for example, Soaring food prices: facts, perspectives, impacts and actions required, page 17, table 4.
2. Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 1, March 2014
The maps on the GIEWS homepage indicate countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food.