The area sown to crops for harvest in 2009 exceeded 1.1 million hectares, including 433 000 hectares of winter crops
(mainly wheat and barley). Until late April, winter crops developed satisfactorily. However, drier and hot conditions as of
May adversely affected the yield potential of grain-filling winter crops, and severely stressed spring maize in southern areas.
As a result, the average yield of winter wheat has fallen below the five-year average (2004-2008). Preliminary official reports
indicate that the aggregate output of wheat is only 650 000 tonnes (cleaned weight), only half of last year’s bumper harvest
of 1.3 million tonnes and an average of 875 000 tonnes. The reduced quantity is offset by better quality and higher gluten levels
of the wheat.
The dry conditions have severely affected the main spring crop, maize, notably in the districts of Kahul, Chadry-Lunga, Bassarabjaska,
Leova, Stefan Voda, Taraska and Streshen. Early reports indicate that the Government expects maize yields to be between 1.6-1.8 tonnes
per hectare; that is almost 40 percent below the five-year average of 2.9 tonnes per hectare, and only about half of last year’s
bumper yield. The effect of drier weather on other crops, potatoes, vegetables and fruit is expected to be more muted as their production
is spread throughout the country and often takes place on household plots. The yield of sunflower is reported to be about average.
Following last year’s bumper harvest, the implications for aggregate food security are not disastrous but household and farm income (already amongst the lowest in Europe) will be further reduced in the affected areas. Production of wheat is sufficient to meet domestic needs, and substantial stocks are available to be drawn down. The maize supply situation is tighter, but a stock drawdown will ensure that, compared to the really poor harvest of 2007, twice the amount of maize will be available for feed. Indications are that, providing the harvest forecasts eventuate, and with a stock drawdown of over 300 000 tonnes, both food and feed use of cereals will remain close to trend at the aggregate level. However, in the affected districts, individual farmers could experience shortages.