This member participated in the following discussions
This document cover well many topics of contemporary interest.
What future for animal-based foods vs lab grown meat for instance; bio fortification, hydroponics, millets, chemical & antibiotic free food stuffs, foods replaced by food supplements? Implications of these innovations on food production systems and family farmers.
Should they look for livelihood alternatives giving up farming?
Per person per year egg consumption in India is just only 66 eggs, with huge regional variations. For instance, in Uttar Pradesh it is only 10 eggs. While in neighboring China, it is 300 eggs/head/year. Appreciably, the National Institute of Nutrition- an institution under Indian Council of Medical Research has recommended and made the provision of eggs compulsory in mid-day meals, being cheaper, safer, more nutritious and easier to procure than alternatives such as milk or bananas. In spite of recommendation coming from such a high level institution, it has not yet been implemented in many states. In the matters of health, people, institutions and government must rise above social and religious considerations, if any. The National Egg Coordination Committee (NECC) has made efforts in India to boost egg consumption among public in general and school children in particular. Such efforts need support from public and institutions. The celebrating World Egg Day on the second Friday in October each year is one good way of boosting egg consumption. The institutions concerned with livestock and poultry research and production should shoulder the responsibility of promoting egg consumption. The private sector especially the poultry industry can play larger role by launching egg promotional campaigns, possibly by including this in their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) schemes. There are huge opportunities in poultry sector in India, if we could promote egg consumption from the current low level to higher levels.
Hoping for the best !
On What is expected from this sconference:
We know youth are reluctant to farming, mostly becuase of poor returns and difficult working conditions. This happens when we are not able to infuse a business element in farming- agriprneurship, value chains, market led production etc. One may look for answers to the following questions:
1. Agriprneurship oportunities and kind of support icluding handholding available to take agriculture as businees not just production but also processing, value addition, branding, marketing etc.
2. Success stories of young agriprneurs- who could establish themselves overcoming the hurdles on their way- role models
3. Coaching/ youth mentoring and follow-ups. Often a short duration training is imparted and they are left to their own. They dont get opportuniteis to practice what they were preached.
Videos of successful young farmers could be used to spread positive image of agriculture among youth.
Youth Needs to be trained, engaged, employed and reatined in agriculture. Hope this conference shows the way how it can be done.
I guess it would be useful, if I share here my blogs on stories of youth role models, role of Agricultural Extension and advisory services in prmoting agripreneurship among rural youth.
This looks one good idea to collect success stories of youth. I have been writing about youth especially on World Youth Skills day-15th july as also on World Youth Day -12th August. I have written a number of blogs for YPARD, GFAR, GFRAS & AESA, wherein, youth success stories have been shared. Its my pleasure to share my latest blog went online@YPARD today. In this blog, I have shared a success story of a youth whom we trained on vermi-compost making and he has turned an entrepreneur now, selling branded vermimanure. He trains other youths now skilling them on making vemicompost. On World Youth Skills day this year, we organized a small programme at his vermi-compost unit to train 25 boys from his village. Enjoy reading the blog on this experience.
Youth and social media: A leverage for agripreneurship
Looking forward to hear intersting stories from across the world,
Thanks & regards,
Mahesh Chander, Head, Division of Extension Education,ICAR- Indian Veterianry Resarch Institute, Izatnagar (UP) INDIA
On the question, what approaches have proved successful to address deeply rooted gender norms, power relations and social institutions?
Quoting from an interesting article, "A field of her own:Advancing rights of women farmers can revolutionise the rural ecosystem, by Tarini Mohan (http://googleweblight.com/i?u=http%3A%2F%2Findianexpress.com%2Farticle%2... ), the chance of propertied women being physically abused is reduced from 49 per cent to 7 per cent due to an increase in the wife’s bargaining power. But, as many as 87 per cent of women do not own their land; only 12.7 per cent of them do. Moreover, despite their hard labour in the field, women are not officially counted as farmers, and are either labelled “agricultural labourers” or “cultivators”. This is because the government does not recognise them as farmers those who do not have a claim to land under their name in official records.
Some key points taken from this article may lead to successful approaches to address deeply rooted gender norms, power relations and social institutions:
1.Providing women with access to secure land is key to incentivising the majority of India’s women farmers.
2.With security of tenure, female farmers should be provided with the three critical driving factors — the incentive, the security, as well as the opportunity — to invest in the land they harvest.
3. The government should not label women merely as “agricultural labourers” or “cultivators” but recognise them as farmers even if they do not have a claim to land under their name in official records. We need to change the stereotypical image of an Indian farmer- a mustachioed man, clad in a white dhoti with farming tools in hand. Women in India constitute close to 65 per cent of all agricultural workers as also, 74 per cent of the rural workforce, is female.
Finally, we need to create a new image of farmer, which is women inclusive!
Movies can and should play powerful role in woem empowerment- sharing here the case of recent Hindi movie-DANGAL.
In 2016, movie DANGAL by Aamir Khan was released in India, which is a story of two sisters groomed by their father as wrestlers. He basically wanted boys not girls as usual in Indian society, but he thought otherwise later and focused on his daughters to turn them worldclass wrestlers. It is impactful movie like a game changer in bringing sea change in the mind set in the traditional societies where focus of family is mostly on male child, be it feeding, schooling or career, while for girls- their marriage is the only goal. After watching DANGAL, Men and women were equally appreciative of the approach of the film to bring about change in thinking on gender issue especially the craving for male child that girls too can do what boys do. The famous dialogue or punch line in this movie, “Maari chhoriyan chhoron se kam hai ke” meaning- "Are my girls any less than boys?" itself has the biggest transformative impact in thinking of Man.
Here are some links which indicate the potential of movies in bringing about change in mind set towards gender transformative impacts.
Thanks, it is stimulating to participate in the discussion.
About the question, what can be done?
Will it help in gender equality, if Gender sensitization is included in school curriculum ?
I am sharing here information about a recent Campaign in India, to MAKE GENDER SENSITISATION COMPULSORY IN SCHOOL CURRICULUM. The proponents of this campaign say, “In our tradition-bound society, certain attitudinal change and change in the mindset is needed to respect women and to ensure gender justice. Right from childhood years, children ought to be sensitized to respect women. A child should be taught to respect women in the same way he is taught to respect men. Gender equality should be made a part of the school curriculum. School teachers and parents should be trained, not only to conduct regular personality-building and skill-enhancing exercises, but also to keep a watch on the actual behavioural patterns of the children so as to make them gender sensitized.”
Read more about this campaign:
Women need to begin with family support and encouragement, skilling/training followed by handholding and linking with markets to channel the products made by them, be it food stuffs/pickles, textiles or garments/ handicrafts. In India, sewing garments offers good potential to rural women, where they can work in groups and enjoy the work and earning. But this to happen successfully they need all kinds of support which must come to them by international, national or local agencies like Rural Banks. I was impressed to read this blog from The World Bank, Stitching Dreams: In Tamil Nadu, Rural Women Show the Way to Start Up India (http://blogs.worldbank.org/endpovertyinsouthasia/stitching-dreams-tamil-...). The collective actions by agricultural and rural development agenices including the banks may help bring the gender transformative impact. Also, It is worth to mention the role of microcredit for rural women, considering the transformative impact of Yunus's Grammen Bank on women in Bangladesh. Apart from economics or financial gains, Socially, small loans from Yunus’s Grameen Bank have also proven transformative. women Borrowers from poorer segments are required to go to a weekly meeting where they meet with 30 to 40 other women. At these meetings, they not only make repayments on their loans but also make new friends, get support for their small businesses and learn how to speak up for themselves. They agree to abide by Grameen’s “Sixteen Decisions” that include making dramatic lifestyle changes such as building a latrine, growing more vegetables, keeping their families small and sending their children to school. While these are impossible goals for many women to accomplish completely, they provide a vision of a better life and a pathway (https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/the-impact-of-microcredit-on-wo... ).
The programmes which offer opportunities of more development oriented interactions among women like the cases mentioned above may have grater transformative impact on women, while showing them the way of independent thinking and entrepreneurship.