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Program of Brazil-FAO International Cooperation

Program Summary

Promoting sustainable rural development, family farming, and food and nutrition security is the basis and purpose for which the Government of Brazil and the FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean signed, in 2008, a framework agreement for the establishment of a program of international cooperation in the aforementioned areas.

The Brazilian Cooperation Agency of the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Brazil (ABC / MRE) is the institution responsible for coordinating and monitoring the planned activities within in the framework of the program.

The program´s objective is to guide the development and implementation of regional projects to support triangular cooperation initiatives in areas such as public policies related to food security, nutrition and school feeding programs, agriculture, development of fisheries and aquaculture, forests, strategies of poverty reduction and sustainable rural development for the benefit of developing countries.

The triangular technical cooperation initiative is a form of development cooperation with great potential to promote economic growth, reduce inequality and improve standards of living in developing countries.

This is a joint project between the FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, based in Santiago de Chile, and the following institutions of the government of Brazil: the Ministry of Agrarian Development (MDA); National Fund for School Development (FNDE)/ Ministry of Education (MEC); CGFome / Ministry of Foreign Relations(MRE); Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture (MPA); Ministry of Social Development and Hunger Alleviation (MDS); and the Ministry of Environmental Affairs (MMA).

At present, six projects are being developed in the areas of School Feeding Programs; Strengthening the Dialogue between FAO, Governments and Civil Society; Food Security; Agro-environmental Policies; Strengthening the Cotton Sector; Institutional Strengthening of Fisheries and Aquaculture; and Emergency Aid. The first five initiatives, which involve technical cooperation, are implemented through the Brazilian Cooperation Agency.

The project Institutional Strengthening of Fisheries and Aquaculture is carried out with the support of the Ministry for Fisheries and Aquaculture (MPA).

Regarding the Humanitarian Assistance Program for Emergencies, which acts in countries in response to situations of socio-natural disasters and conflicts, is funded by the General Coordination of International Action to Combat Hunger (CGFOME, for its acronym in Portuguese) under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil. This field of action includes two short running projects intended to support cases of specific emergencies.

Lines of Action in the Projects

  • Strengthening National School Feeding Programs
  • Promotion and development of mechanisms for public procurement of food from small-holder family farmers. 
  • Strengthening the capacities for dialogue and the design of public policies in civil society. 
  • Operations for support in emergency situations.
  • Support for strengthening the public policies implemented by the institutions of aquaculture.
  • Strengthening agro-environmental public policies as a tool to reduce rural poverty and food insecurity in countries in the region.
  • Contribution to Food Security and Nutrition (FSN) and reducing poverty among the most vulnerable populations in Latin America and the Caribbean; strengthening national and sub-regional strategies.
  • Contribute to the development of the cotton sector, to increase agricultural productivity and reduce poverty. 

              Strategies for Action

              The actions of the Brazil-FAO International Cooperation are aimed at strengthening aspects related to the institutional capacities of the countries to construct public policies for food security and nutrition, at the national and regional levels.

              The initiatives are rooted in two areas of action in the countries, focused on:

                • 1st area of action in beneficiary countries: short-term national policies, which implement measures designed to restore the value chains and agricultural production systems. The goal is to ensure access to food in instances of socio-natural disasters (distribution of seeds, access to water, and recovery of infrastructure). 
                • 2nd area of action in beneficiary countries: strengthening national medium-term measures of a structural nature, which consider four central elements: 
                    • Revaluation of family farming as a supplier of food for the population which constitutes an efficient system of protection and cushioning against the food price volatility.
                    • Promotion of public food markets as new spaces for consumers and a driving force for local economies. 
                    • Updating of public institutional frameworks linked to food security, with the aim of developing a contemporary agenda. 
                    • Contribution to ensure access to food is guaranteed for all citizens in those countries.

              How does the Brazil-FAO International Cooperation Program work?

              The projects under the Cooperation Program are administered by FAO, through the Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, and will assume complete responsibility for the technical and financial operations, in strict compliance with the rules and procedures of the organization. The FAO will designate an Official Technical Leader, responsible for the implementation and technical supervision of each project; as well as an Official Budget Holder, in charge of the administration of the projects.

              A Steering Committee is responsible for the overall management of the projects. The following institutions shall form part of the committee responsible for the project: Ministry of Agrarian Development of Brazil (MDA); Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture of Brazil (MPA); Ministry of Foreign Relations of Brazil (MRE) / CGFOME; National Fund for the Development of Education / Ministry of Education of Brazil (MEC); Ministry of Social Development and Hunger Alleviation of the Government of Brazil (MDS); the Brazilian Agency for Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil; and the FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. The Coordinator of the Brazil-FAO International Cooperation shall serve as Secretary of the Committee.

              The projects will ensure that the governments assume a process of appropriation of the actions from the start, and that the outcomes safeguard the replicability and sustainability desired in each country. In this regard, the FAO Representatives in each participating country are responsible for stimulating, promoting, monitoring and accompanying the tasks defined at the national level so that the projects are implemented in close connection with the relevant national institutions.

              National FAO Representations also play an important role in ensuring compliance with administrative procedures, facilitating and streamlining activities within the countries.