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FAO in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Programmes in the Islamic Republic of Iran

In the past twenty years, the major thrust of FAO’s technical assistance to Iran had been in the areas of capacity building, policy and strategy development, crop production, livestock and animal health, fisheries and forest management, and, emergency and re-habilitation programme.

FAO is presently reinforcing its country programme and envisages in this context lending assistance towards implementing a comprehensive integrated strategic approach that addresses the current challenges in the food and agriculture sectors in a holistic and sustainable manner.

This will entail a significant paradigm shift in the manner in which the assistance would be lent, moving away from the traditional project-focused approach and advocating a programme-based framework that is more results-oriented, leverages the synergies between projects, secures inter-linkages and continuity of projects towards clearly defined and measurable objectives, with quantification and measurement of impact rather than mere output, and leads to long-term sustainability of development activities.

The integrated strategic programme to be implemented in this respect would advocate four major programmes, focusing on: (i) water scarcity and sustainable land management; (ii) food security, nutrition and food safety; (iii) climate smart sustainable eco-agriculture; and (iv) human capital and institutional capacity development.

The CPF-I.R. Iran (2012-2016) is the result of extensive consultations held with a wide spectrum of national and international stakeholders and partners within the country and the backstopping of the relevant technical units of FAO at the Headquarters in Rome, the Regional Office for the Near East (RNE) and the FAO Representation office in The Islamic Republic of Iran. The objective of the initiative is to align the comparative advantage of FAO in assisting I.R. Iran to promote its agricultural revival programme through a coherent programming framework. The CPF, among other things, identifies and defines Agricultural priority areas, including Fisheries, Forestry and Natural Resources, and Rural Development in which FAO has a lead.

Accordingly, The Validation Workshop and Signing Ceremony of the Country Programming Framework (CPF) was held on 18 July 2012 in Tehran organized by the Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture and FAO Representation Office in I.R. Iran. The CPF document was countersigned by H.E. Mr. Mohammad Ali Nikbakht, Deputy Minister for Planning and Economic of the Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture and the Reporting Officer. The CPF focuses on three main Strategic Priority Areas as follow:

Priority area 1. Pro-poor enhancement of productivity for better food security, nutrition and livelihood of vulnerable groups in rural and urban areas

Links with National Priorities and FAO Strategic Objectives and Regional Priorities. The basis of the activities programmed in this priority area can be found in FAO Strategic Objective A and C, respectively on “sustainable intensification of crop production” and “sustainable management and use of fisheries and aquaculture resources” and regional priority B for the Near East region on “Fostering Agricultural Production and Rural Development for Improved Livelihoods”. 

Priority area 2. Enhanced sustainable management and development of natural resources, climate change mitigation and adaptation to its impact, and disaster risk management

Links with National Priorities and FAO Strategic Objectives and Regional Priorities. The basis of the activities programmed in this complex priority area can be found both in FAO Strategic Objective F on Sustainable management of land, water and genetic resources and improved responses to global environmental challenges affecting food and agriculture, and FAO Strategic Objective E on sustainable management of forests and trees, although they are a complement and essential contribution to promote Strategic Objective A on “sustainable intensification of crop production” and Strategic Objective B on “increased sustainable livestock production” as well. Activities programmed in this priority area that relate to disaster risk management do also contribute to FAO Strategic Objective I on “Improved preparedness for, and effective response to, food and agricultural threats and emergencies”.

Priority area 3. Strengthened and enhanced knowledge management of agricultural and rural development, food security and food safety

Links with National Priorities and FAO Strategic Objectives and Regional Priorities 
The support that FAO provides in this CPF Priority Area reflects key core functions of FAO, as defined in FAO Strategic Framework for the period 2010-2019, and identifies critical means of action that FAO is to employ in order to achieve tangible results, drawing on its comparative advantages.

In these areas, the CPF identify a total of five CPF Outcomes and nineteen CPF Outputs, aligned to national priorities and programmes under way or foreseen by the Government of I.R Iran. The CPF (2012-2016) is also aligned to the FAO Strategic Framework (2010-2019), the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for I.R. Iran 2012-2016 and contributes to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly to MDG 1 (reduction of hunger and poverty) and MDG 7 (environmental sustainability).