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La région du Sahel est confrontée à des crises agropastorales récurrentes et cycliques, essentiellement dues à des sécheresses localisées et une forte variabilité climatique, exacerbées par des problèmes structurels et de détérioration de la sécurité. Ces crises ont des conséquences dramatiques sur les moyens d’existence des populations basés sur l’agriculture et l’élevage et aggravent l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition des familles.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Union européenne (EU), Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Sécurité alimentaire, Résilience
Language: Français
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale

For thousands of years, mobile pastoralist communities have been moving through the rangelands with their herds in search of pasture and water, making the most of scarce resources. This traditional form of livestock husbandry has persisted over the years because of its well-known interaction with nature. However, the protected areas have become a real threat to the lives and livelihoods of mobile pastoralists in many parts of the world. In this paper, the authors look at the network of Spanish drove roads, with new data on the overlap between these routes, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity. It raises some serious questions for reflection by the protected area community in relation to the practice of mobile pastoralism. From basic human rights issues to acknowledging the services pastoralists provide. Readers are invited to reflect on an issue that is not clear-cut and requires much more dialogue, as well as joint action to mitigate conflict and promote collaboration.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Auteurs individuels 
Topic: Services environnementaux
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Europe

Following the impact of severe drought that decimated pasture, livestock and crops in 2018, the situation of millions of affected families in the Sahel is fragile. If adequate timely assistance is not provided, the food security situation will likely worsen with 9.7 million people projected to be severely food insecure during the upcoming lean season (June–August 2019). Despite overall good availability of fodder resources, access remains difficult in certain areas of Burkina FasoChadMali and the Niger where insecurity persists; in other areas – certain parts of Mauritania and Senegal – fodder resources have been depleted or are very limited.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Sécurité alimentaire
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale

Traditional knowledge of indigenous communities cuts across numerous aspects of sustainability and resilience. However, the practice of traditional knowledge is yet to be adequately understood, with many research gaps confronting policy-makers. An understanding of the interactions of traditional knowledge systems, rooted in indigenous ways of life, cultural approaches and traditional occupations is important. The transformations are being experienced in societies, economies, institutions, technologies and the climate. This publication is a collaboration between the ILO and the School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, which draws on recent and emerging research conducted directly with communities across Asia and the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. It aims at sharing experiences gained by researchers and the communities themselves with policy-makers and key stakeholders.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Auteurs individuels, Organisation internationale du Travail 
Topic: Changement climatique, Peuples autochtones, Résilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Global

In the definition of family farmers for the International Year of Family Farmers (IYFF) in 2014 and now for the United Nations Decade of Family Farming 2019–28, pastoralists are mentioned as a group needing specific attention. Despite this recognition, most statements, papers and information about family farmers refer primarily to small-scale crop farmers. As organisations supporting, working with or representing pastoralists, we want to draw attention to the importance of including pastoralists within discussions and interventions in family farming, also within the Decade. Here, we outline: i) the features of pastoralists that identify them as family farmers; ii) the importance of pastoralists for the wellbeing of nations, people and the environment; iii) specificities of pastoral farming systems; and iv) major challenges and emerging opportunities for pastoralists. To conclude, we propose how pastoralists’ issues could be incorporated into policy advocacy activities during the Decade.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization:  
Topic: Services environnementaux, Sécurité alimentaire, Services sociaux
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Global

Dans la définition des exploitations familiales utilisée pour l’Année internationale de l’Agriculture familiale (AIAF) en 2014 et, maintenant, pour la Décennie des Nations Unies pour l’Agriculture familiale 2019- 2028, les pasteurs sont signalés comme étant un groupe nécessitant une attention particulière. Malgré cette reconnaissance, la plupart des déclarations, des documents ou des informations véhiculées à propos de l’agriculture familiale s’intéressent essentiellement aux petits producteurs agricoles. En tant que regroupement d’organisations appuyant, représentant ou travaillant avec les pasteurs, nous souhaitons donc attirer l’attention sur l’importance décisive d’inclure ce groupe dans les discussions, ainsi que dans les interventions sur l’agriculture familiale, y compris dans le cadre de la Décennie.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization:  
Topic: Services environnementaux, Sécurité alimentaire, Services sociaux
Language: Français
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Global

How best to secure land tenure for pastoralists is an ongoing challenge for governments, practitioners, lawyers, academics, and communities themselves. As a result, pastoral lands continue to be encroached, divided, and lost whilst mobility of people and livestock is blocked. This webinar describes innovations, successful practices and lessons learned from the presenter’s 15-year work on pastoral land tenure and governance. It mainly focuses on how research and technical support to governments, if used as an entry point can lead to policy impacting results.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Programme sur le changement climatique, l’agriculture et la sécurité alimentaire (CCAFS), Institut international de recherches sur l'élevage 
Topic: Régime foncier
Language: English
Type of document: Technique, Vidéos
Geographical coverage: Afrique orientale

Economic challenges, nutritional problems and climate instability are driving many people away from pastoralism in Ethiopia’s drylands. But securing alternative livelihoods requires new technical and life skills. Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement and Market Expansion (PRIME) was a USAID-led Feed the Future program that applied a market development and adaptive management approach to help pastoralists strengthen their systems. Therefore, simultaneously addressing economic needs and climate adaptation to increase resilience capacities. By working within pastoralist markets, PRIME helped people to be prepared for environmental shocks by strengthening systems and individual capacities with the underpinning theory that systems working in synergy must be strengthened simultaneously.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Auteurs individuels 
Topic: Changement climatique, Économie, Résilience, Services sociaux
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique orientale
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