数据收集

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根据其职能,粮农组织负责在全世界收集、验证和传播与粮食及农业有关的数据和信息。因此,粮农组织会定期的收集相关的国家统计数据和信息。

调查问卷是粮农组织系统地收集和报告国家数据的一种重要方式。下文介绍的数据收集流程为了解粮农组织调查问卷提供了一个切入点,并提供了关于数据收集时间、每份调查问卷的具体联络员、相关方法资源的最新信息。这些信息可以被自由获取,旨在让数据使用者和提供者了解粮农组织的数据收集和生产流程。

如果您想了解有关特定调查问卷或数据收集流程的更多资讯,请联系该问卷指定的联络员。如需更多一般性咨询,请联系:[email protected].

Land Use, Irrigation and Agricultural Practices

Purpose

To collect national data on land use (primarily focusing on agriculture, forestry, aquaculture and fisheries), irrigation and agricultural practices, annually.

Outputs

These data are relevant for the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (SEEA-AFF) physical flow accounts (Component 2, Environmental Resources and their use, Sub-Component 2.3: Land, Topic 2.3.1), for the core set of environmental statistics of the Framework for the Development of Environmental Statistics (FDES) 2013, and they are also being used for the FAO report Progress Towards Sustainable Agriculture (PROSA) to normalize many of the proxy indicators in terms of agricultural area or in terms of area of cropland.

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None

Schedule
- Transmission date: October

- Submission date: November

Government Expenditure on Agricultural and Related Categories

Purpose

To collect data on the level of expenditures that governments incur on activities related to agriculture, forestry and fishing and environmental protection, annually.

Outputs

Information on Central Government expenditures is essential to compile SDG Indicator 2.a.1 (The Agriculture Orientation Index for Government Expenditures); while information on Budgetary Central Government expenditures can help monitor commitments to the Maputo and Malabo declarations.    

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

Minor changes.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: June
Contact: Piero Conforti

Impact of Disasters on Agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Forestry, Aquaculture and Fisheries)

Purpose

To collect every two years disaster damage and loss data for agriculture, fisheries and forestry, in particular on:

1) the occurrence of disasters of any scale (small / medium / large), which affected agricultural production over the past year; and

2) information on the impact of these disasters in terms of production loss, area affected, livestock deaths and assets damaged.

Outputs

Data are disseminated in FAO publication The impact of disasters on agriculture and food security.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: February

- Submission date: April
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

- Methodology

N/A

- Data frequency

Biennial
Contact: Galimira Markova

Fertilizers

Purpose

To collect national data on production, agricultural use and other uses of fertilizers (both chemical and organic), annually.

Outputs

These data are relevant for the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (SEEA-AFF) physical flow accounts, for the core set of environmental statistics of the Framework for the Development of Environmental Statistics (FDES) 2013, and they are being used for the FAO report Progress Towards Sustainable Agriculture (PROSA) to measure "fertilizer risk" This dataset may also be useful to complement and/or crosscheck the farm survey results regarding sub-indicator "management of fertilizers" for SDG indicator 2.4.1.

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT or FAO SDG data portal.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: October

- Submission date: November
Data and methodology

Pesticides Use

Purpose

To collect data on pesticides use in the agricultural sector for crops, seeds and forestry, annually.

Outputs

To cover major pesticide types (Insecticides, Mineral Oils, Herbicides, Fungicides, Plant growth regulators and Rodenticides) and relevant chemical groups (Organo-phosphates, Phenoxy hormone products, Carbamates, etc.).  Data are requested in quantity of active ingredients.

These data are relevant for the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (SEEA-AFF) physical flow accounts (table 4.7 "Physical flow account for pesticides"), for the core set of environmental statistics of the Framework for the Development of Environmental Statistics (FDES) 2013, and they are being used for the FAO report Progress Towards Sustainable Agriculture (PROSA) to measure "pesticide risk".

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: October

- Submission date: November

SDG Indicator 2.4.1: Agricultural Sustainability

Purpose

To collect data every three years on the items/variables required for the construction and reporting of the 11 sub-indicators of SDG indicator 2.4.1.

The sub-indicators are:

i) Farm Output value per hectare;

ii) Net farm income;

iii) Risk mitigation mechanisms;

iv) Prevalence of soil degradation;

v) Variation in water availability;

vi)  Management of fertilizers;

vii) Management of pesticides;

viii) Use of bio-diversity supportive practices;

ix) Wage rate in agriculture;

x) Food insecurity experience scale; and

xi) Secure rights to land tenure. 

Outputs

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT or FAO SDG data portal.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: October 2019

- Submission date: November 2019
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire (also available in العربية)
- Data frequency

Triennal

Prices Received by Farmers: Primary Crop and Livestock Products

Purpose

To collect national data on agricultural producer prices for primary crops and livestock, annually.

Outputs

These data are used to track and study issues related to price inflation, volatility and transmission, and food security.

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

Minor changes.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: June
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire (also available in Français and Español )
- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Piero Conforti

Citrus Fruit

Purpose

To collect annually national data on production, processing and consumption of citrus fruits, as well as farm-gate, wholesale and retail prices and conversion factors to juice. The fruits covered by this data collection are oranges, mandarins, clementines, lemons, limes and grapefruit.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Group on Citrus Fruit.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

Minor.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: July
Data and methodology
Contact: Alice Fortuna

Banana

Purpose

To collect annually national data on trade volumes and values of fresh or dried bananas and plantains, as well as price data at farm-gate, C.i.f., F.o.b., wholesale and retail levels. Furthermore, it collects information on fresh or dried certified organic bananas.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Sub-Group on Bananas.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: April

- Submission date: May
Data and methodology

Tropical Fruits

Purpose

To collect annually national data on production, trade, processing and consumption of tropical fruits, including on prices at farm-gate, C.i.f., F.o.b., wholesale and retail levels.

The fruits covered are: mangoes, pineapples, papayas, avocados, mangosteen, guavas, carambola - starfruit, longan, rambutan, durian, lychee, and passion fruit.

To collect information on fresh and processed non-organic and certified organic fruit.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Sub-Group on Tropical Fruits.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: April

- Submission date: May
Data and methodology
Contact: Sabine Altendorf

Jute, Kenaf and Allied Fibres

Purpose

To collect annually national data on production, trade, processing and consumption of jute, kenaf and allied fibres, as well as producer prices.

To collect information on jute manufactured goods trade.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Group on Jute, Kenaf and Allied Fibres.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: July
Contact: Julie Claro

Abaca

Purpose

To collect annually national data on production, trade, processing and consumption of abaca fibre, as well as stocks.

To collect information on abaca manufactured goods trade.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Group on hard fibres.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Trasmission date: May

- Submission date: July
Contact: Julie Claro

Sisal

Purpose

To collect annually national data on production, trade, processing and consumption of sisal fibre, as well as stocks.

To collect information on sisal manufactured goods trade.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Group on hard fibres.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: July
Contact: Julie Claro

Coir

Purpose

To collect annually national data on production, trade, processing and consumption of coir fibre, as well as stocks.

To collect information on coir manufactured goods trade.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Group on hard fibres.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: July
Contact: Julie Claro

Tea

Purpose

To collect annually national data on production, trade, stocks, processing and consumption of tea, as well as producer, auction, wholesale and retail prices.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s work at the Intergovernmental Group on Tea.

Data are disseminated on a dedicated website.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: July
Contact: Julie Claro

Global Data on Livestock Breeds

Purpose

DAD-IS is the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System hosted by FAO. It is a communication and information tool supporting the development of strategies for the management of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture (AnGR).

DAD-IS is considered as the international clearing-house mechanism for AnGR. It provides its users with access to (inter alia) searchable, dynamic, multilingual databases of breed-related information.

The names and contact information of all Regional and National Coordinators for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources (National Coordinators) are also available in DAD-IS.

Outputs

Data are used to monitor the diversity of AnGR. Countries are provided with their SDG indicators 2.5.1b and 2.5.2 based on the data entered into DAD-IS.

Data are disseminated biannually in the report on Status and trends of animal genetic resources (2018, 2016, 2014, 2012, 2010).

Main developments foreseen for 2020

Inclusion of data fields allowing to monitor the diversity of managed honey bees.

Further development of the multilingual content.

Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture – SDG 2.5.1a and Second GPA

Purpose

Periodic collection of data from countries and regional/international centres on the implementation of the Second Global Plan of Action for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Second GPA) and SDG 2.5.1a. Data collected are based on a list of indicators and a reporting format agreed by the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. They include, inter alia, information on PGRFA species surveyed, collected and secured in long-term conservation facilities; PGRFA species and number of samples characterized, regenerated, multiplied, distributed and published by genebanks; Genetic base-broadening and breeding of crop species; Crop varieties registered and released; etc.

Outputs

These data are the main source of information supporting FAO’s preparation of periodic reports on the implementation of SDG Target 2.5 and the Second Global Plan of Action for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, and on the State of the World’s PGRFA.

Data are disseminated on FAO WIEWS and FAO SDG data portal.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

Data gathering on SDG 2.5 and on the implementation of the Second Global Plan of action for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: December
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire (also available in Français, Español )
- Data frequency

Second GPA) (every 3/5 years) and SDG 2.5.1a (every year)

Food Losses from Production to the Retail Stages

Purpose

To collect data on food losses, collected or estimated within countries, in order to increase the information base on SDG 12.3 and on food losses along the supply chain.

To collect both official and unofficial loss data to better estimating losses, identifying causes and critical loss points across commodities and countries.

Outputs

The official loss data covering the whole supply chain nationally will strengthen the quality of Supply Utilization Accounts / Food Balance Sheets and will be used to compile SDG 12.3.1.a Food Loss Index. Unofficial loss data, coming from studies with a limited scope or range will be used only for analytical and modelling purposes.

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT and used as a basis to produce Food Balance Sheets.

SDG indicator 12.3.1.a will be made available on FAO SDG data portal as well as on the Global SDG indicators database.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

Minor changes.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: June
Contact: Carola Fabi

Joint Forest Sector Questionnaire

Purpose

To collect national data on production and trade of forest products, annually.

The questionnaire is a result of the collaboration on data collection between FAO Forestry Department, the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

Outputs

Data are disseminated on FAOSTAT and FAO Yearbook of Forest Products.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire
- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Arvydas Lebedys

Pulp and Paper Production Capacities

Purpose

To collect national data on installed production capacities in pulp and paper industry, production of pulp and paper and utilization of recovered paper, annually.

Outputs

Data are disseminated on Pulp and paper capacities publication.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: April

- Submission date: May
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire
- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Arvydas Lebedys

Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) 2020

Purpose

To collect every five years data on roughly 60 variables covering all seven thematic elements of Sustainable Forest Management, as well as SDG indicators 15.1.1 and 15.2.1.

The Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) is the only source of comprehensive forest resource information with global coverage and they are widely used as authoritative reference by other international organizations, conventions, academia and the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).

Outputs

The main results and the country reports will be published in June 2020 on FRA dedicated website. SDG indicators 15.1.1 and 15.2.1 will be made available on FAO SDG data portal, as well as on the Global SDG indicators database.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: March

- Submission date: May
Data and methodology

FRA (Annual SDG Update)

Purpose

To collect information required to monitor SDG indicators 15.1.1 and 15.2.1 related variables.

Outputs

Data will be disseminated on FAO SDG data portal and the Global SDG indicators database.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: September

- Submission date: November
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

Download questionnaire
- Data frequency

Quinquennial

The Second Report on the State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources (SoW-FGR-2)

Purpose

The Forestry Department (FOA) gathers data on forest genetic resources at the request of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA). The SoW assessments on genetic resources in different sub-sectors are carried out approximately every ten years and the monitoring of the Global Plans of Actions is done every five years. The data collected by FAO Forestry Department are based on the Forest genetic resources targets, indicators and verifiers adopted by CGRFA-16 in 2017.

Outputs

The SoW-FGR-2 report will be published in 2023. The data will be disseminated through a new global information system on FGR (the development of such information system was requested by CGRFA-17 in 2019).

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: June
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

Download questionnaire

- Methodology

N/A

- Data frequency

Decennial
Contact: Jarkko Koskela

Global Aquaculture Production (FISHSTAT-AQ-NS)

Purpose

To collect annually data on aquaculture production, in particular on production volume and value by species, countries or areas, FAO major fishing areas and culture aquatic environment.

Outputs

These data represent the only global source of aquaculture production and are used as a basis to produce Food Balance Sheets, but also to monitor the evolution of the sector, for global analysis and sector studies.

Data are disseminated on FishStatJ, Online Query Panel and in FAO Yearbook of Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]
- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Xiaowei Zhou

Global Capture Production (FISHSTAT-FI-NS)

Purpose

To collect annually data on capture fisheries production by countries or areas, species items, and FAO Major Fishing Area.

Outputs

These data represent the only global source of capture fisheries production and are used as a basis to produce Food Balance Sheets, but also to monitor the evolution of the sector, for global analysis and sector studies.

Data are disseminated on FishStatJ, Online query panel  and in FAO Yearbook of Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]
- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: James Geehan

Regional Capture Production (STATLANT)

Purpose

On behalf of different Regional Fisheries Bodies, to collect annually data on capture fisheries production by countries or areas, species item and fishing areas for selected regions (Eastern Central Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea, Southeast Atlantic and Regional Commission for Fisheries).

Outputs

Information collected is typically used for regional analysis and studies.

Data are disseminated on FishStatJ and in the Online query panel.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]
- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: James Geehan

Disposition of Fishery and Aquaculture Production (FISHSTAT-DNC)

Purpose

To collect annually data on utilization of fishery and aquaculture production by country or areas, and by disposition form.

Outputs

Information collected is typically used for global analysis and sector studies. Data are used as a basis to produce Food Balance Sheets, and disseminated in aggregated format in the FAO Yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]

- Methodology

- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Adrienne Egger

Production of Preserved and Processed Fishery and Aquaculture Commodities (FISHSTAT-FC1)

Purpose

To collect annually data on production of processed and preserved fishery and aquaculture commodities by countries or areas in terms of volume.

Outputs

These data represent the only global source of production of fisheries and aquaculture commodities and are used as a basis to produce Food Balance Sheets, but also to monitor the evolution of the sector, global analysis and sector studies.

Data are disseminated on FishStatJ, online query panel and in FAO Yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]

- Methodology

- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Adrienne Egger

Trade of Fishery and Aquaculture Commodities (FISHSTAT-FTR)

Purpose

To collect annually, for a limited number of countries, data on imports, exports and re-exports of fishery and aquaculture commodities by countries or areas, commodities and trade flows both in terms of volume and value.

Outputs

These data represent the most comprehensive collection of fisheries and aquaculture commodities and are used as a basis to produce Food Balance Sheets, but also to monitor the evolution of the sector  for global analysis and sector studies.

Data are disseminated on FishStatJ, online query panel and in FAO Yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]

- Methodology

- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Adrienne Egger

Fishers and Fish Farmers (FISHSTAT-FM)

Purpose

To collect annually data on primary employment in fisheries and aquaculture, in particular the number of people employed annually in commercial and subsistence fishing, by sector, working time status, and gender, by countries or areas.

Outputs

These data are used to monitor the evolution of the sector, for global analysis and sector studies.

Data are disseminated in the FAO Yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]

- Methodology

- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Jennifer Gee

Fishery Fleet (FISHSTAT-FF)

Purpose

To collect annually data on fishery fleet by countries or areas.

Outputs

These data are used to monitor the evolution of the sector, for global analysis and sector studies.

Data are disseminated in the FAO Yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Schedule
- Transmission date: June

- Submission date: August
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire

[email protected]

- Methodology

- Data frequency

Annual
Contact: Jennifer Gee

AQUASTAT

Purpose

To collect annually national data on water withdrawals by sectors and by sources, wastewater and irrigated areas.

Outputs

Information collected is used in particular for the calculation of the SDG indicators 6.4.1 on water use efficiency and 6.4.2 on water stress.

Data are disseminated in AQUASTAT.

Main developments foreseen for 2020

None.

Note

The 2020 questionnaire on water and agriculture collecting data for the compilation of the SDG indicators 6.4.1 and 6.4.2 was dispatched in June. Countries have until 31 July to send their data. In 2020, the annual short version of the questionnaire was augmented with data at sub-national level on irrigated crop calendars, institutions and dams.

Schedule
- Transmission date: May

- Submission date: July
Data and methodology
- Questionnaire (also available in Français and Español )

- Methodology

- Data frequency

Annual