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الغذاء المستدام والزراعة



إن الطريــق نحــو تحقيــق الازدهـار يتمثـل، بشـكل واضـح، بإنجــاز خطــة التنميــة المســتدامة لعــام 2030 .إنــه يتطلــب إجــراءات تحويلية، تشمل مبادئ الاستدامة ومعالجة الأسـباب الجذريـة للفقـر والجـوع لضـ¦ن عــدم تــرك أي أحــد متخلفــاً عــن الركــب. وبوصفهــا العلاقــة الأساســية بــ­ النــاس والكــرة الأرضيــة، تتمتــع الأغذيــة والزراعــة المسـتدامة بإمكانيـات كبـة للتصـدي للعديـد مـن التحديــات التــي تواجهنــا، وتوفــ غــذاء مغــذي وبأســعار معقولــة، وتعزيــز ســبل العيــش، وإحيــاء المناظـر الطبيعيـة الريفيـة والحضريـة، وتحقيـق ـو وطنـي شـامل، ودفـع عجلـة التغيـ الإيجـا` في جميـع أنحـاء العـا لتحقيق خطة التنمية المستدامة 2030.
These guidelines are primarily directed towards decision-makers responsible for integrating the goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development into national policies and programmes. They will be of value to public and private actors, including investors, researchers and technical practitioners, involved in the broad area of food and agriculture, and rural development. Complementing FAO’s Common Vision for Sustainable Food and Agriculture and its five principles, this publication presents 20 practical and interconnected actions with the aim of transforming food and agriculture and driving achievement across the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Action is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As the main connection between people and planet, sustainable food and agriculture can fuel positive change. How can decision-makers turn that potential into reality? How can they prioritize activities and resources to accelerate progress? The FAO publication “Transforming food and agriculture to achieve the SDGs: 20 Actions” presents practical solutions through 20 interconnected actions, each describing approaches, policies and tools that contribute to multiple SDGs. These actions reflect the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, and confront trade-offs as well as synergies. Progress requires participation and partnerships among different actors. This guide can inform coherent country-specific paths towards achieving sustainable development through food and agriculture.
Livestock Farmer Field Schools (FFSs) are “schools without walls” where groups of small-scale livestock producers test, validate, and adapt good agricultural and marketing practices that help them increase their production sustainably and to improve their, and their families’, livelihoods. Over the past two decades, Livestock FFSs have been implemented/supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and other development stakeholders in a wide range of environments and livestock production systems including pastoralism and agro-pastoralism, dairying, poultry production, integrated rice-duck systems, rabbit production, pig production, beekeeping, beef production, camel production and small ruminant production.
Pulses have a long history in sub-Saharan Africa due to their multiple benefits. Pulses, and legumes in general, can play an important role in agriculture because their ability to biologically fix atmospheric nitrogen and to enhance the biological turnover of phosphorous; thus they could become the cornerstone of sustainable agriculture in Africa.
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