Antimicrobial Resistance

About AMR

What is it?
What is it?
FAO's role
FAO's role
Who we are
Who we are
Key sectors
Key sectors

Antimicrobial drugs are key in the treatment of diseases, and their use is essential to protect both human and animal health. However, antimicrobials misuse in the livestock sector, aquaculture and crop production is a major concern as a risk for emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistant micro-organisms.

Key facts

In 2019, 5 million human deaths were associated by bacterial antimicrobial resistance worldwide, including 1.3 million human deaths attributable to bacterial AMR (The Lancet)

27 different antimicrobial classes used in animals

Total global animal health market in 2011 was equivalent to USD 22 billion (OECD)

118 countries reported quantitative data on antimicrobial use in animals between 2015 and 2017, an increase from 89 reporting in 2015


Antimicrobial resistance monitoring and surveillance guidelines for food-producing animals and their products in Eastern Africa

This publication is a building block of the Eastern Africa antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance roadmap that was described in April 2019, by AMR experts from Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. [...]

ACT in Pakistan: Empowering caretakers of livestock to help the country combat foodborne AMR. Success story

In Pakistan, the work of the FAO-implemented and Republic of Korea-funded Action to support implementation of Codex AMR Texts (ACT) project is seeing positive results in the rural livestock sector

Call for actionable steps in response to the rising threat of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)

Key recommendations for action on antimicrobial resistance for consideration by UN Member States in the United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting on AMR, May 2024


UN Member States can take meaningful steps against antimicrobial resistance, failing to do so will turn back the clock on modern medicine

The UN Member States have a crucial role in the efforts against antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Antimicrobials, which include antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, antiseptics, and antiparasitic, are vital tools in our defense against pathogens. However, their misuse [...]

Capacity building initiative equips Tanzania's broiler farmers for sustainable practices

FAO has spearheaded an innovative initiative with the aim of reducing the industry's reliance on antimicrobials and enhancing biosecurity measures in Tanzania's broiler farming systems...

ACT/ Success story from Pakistan now published!

The first in a new series of “Success Stories” has been published to promote the work of the FAO-implemented and Republic of Korea-funded Action to support implementation of Codex AMR Texts (ACT) project.


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