Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture management

Agricultural system

The French fishing fleet is one of the biggest in the European Union. It accounts for 8% of the European fleet and 16% of its capacity. The fisheries sector has been controlled by the rules of the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) since 1983. The CFP defines a series of regulatory schemes intended to manage the European fishing fleet and preserve fish stocks. The CFP aims to ensure the economic, social and environmental sustainability of fishing.

The French fishing industry is the source of over 13,500 jobs for crews, of which 70% are in metropolitan France and 30% in the overseas territories. More than half of French crews work in the Northeast Atlantic. Fifteen percent of jobs are in the Mediterranean.

France ranks second in Europe for aquaculture production in volume and value terms. French aquaculture is broadly dominated by shellfish aquaculture (the farming of oysters, mussels, clams and other shellfish).