Family Farming Knowledge Platform

Resources

The Resources section holds archived publications and multimedia materials related to family farming general issues.

The external references on this page are provided for informational purposes only - they do not constitute an endorsement or an approval by FAO.

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Journal article
Institutions and Technologies for Subsistence Agriculture: How to Increase Commercialization

Survey results indicate that on the whole, individual farms in transition countries are far from pure subsistence operations. The majority of farms categorized as individual – household plots and independent peasant farms – sell at least some of their output. The proportion of output sold by these farms is quite...
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
Policy Options to Overcome Subsistence Agriculture in the CEECs

The transformation of the political and economic systems in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) was driven by the desire to combine political freedom with improved living conditions. Market-oriented reform is the essence of transformation for the former socialist planned economies. However, considerable segments of Eastern European and...
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
Decision Making Patterns of Subsistence Farmers in Bulgaria

Bulgaria began the transformation of its agricultural sector early in the reform process. The chosen path of land reform was radical and aimed at restoring the status quo enjoyed half a century ago. The outcome of this slow and complicated process was a very fragmented structure of land ownership and...
Bulgaria
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Report
People, land management and environmental change (PLEC)

FINAL EVALUATION
The People, Land Management and Environmental Change (PLEC) project is a largely farmer-driven demonstration project consisting of five ecosystem clusters and spread over eight countries: Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, China, Papua New Guinea and Brazil. PLEC was initiated in 1992 by the United Nations University (UNU) as an international...
Brazil - China - Ghana - Guinea - Papua New Guinea - Uganda - United Republic of Tanzania
2003 - United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)

Journal article
Commercialisation of Subsistence Agriculture in Transition Economies: On Imperfect Competition, Market Development and Support Policies.

From the point of view of promises made ten years ago, the transition of the food sector of many Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) is considered weak and somehow disappointing (MACOURS and SWINNEN 2000). The development of the agricultural sector as the domestic raw material producer for food processing...
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
Development Perspectives of Subsistence Farms in Southeastern Poland: Social Buffer Stock or Commercial Agriculture?

In this paper we discuss the developmental perspectives of subsistence agriculture in the wider framework of structural change within an entire economy. We put forward the proposition that subsistence agriculture in Southeastern Poland must largely be understood and interpreted as one single stage of a mid- to long-term process that...
Poland
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
The Market Potential and Patterns of Contemporary Agriculture in Romania's North-western Plain

Romanian Agriculture went through major transformations after the political changes of December 1989, due especially to the structural reorganization of land ownership. Agrarian reform started in 1990 with the liquidation of the socialist cooperatives and regulated by the new land ownership law (No. 18/1991), along with a whole series of...
Romania
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
Subsistence Farming in Bulgaria: Between Tradition and Market Requirements

Subsistence agriculture is a phenomenon that is presently encountered not only in developing countries, but also in the Central and Eastern European transition countries (CEECs). The various land reforms implemented in Eastern Europe have led to differences in the land tenure and farming systems and have influenced the access to...
Bulgaria
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Fact sheet
Implementing conservation agriculture - 1 2 3 step by step

This leaflet covers the steps for implementing Conservation Agriculture. When correctly implemented and under adequate circumstances, conservation agriculture can constitute a valid tool for improving rural livelihoods and fostering bottom-up sustainable rural development.
2003 - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Journal article
The Significance of Subsistence Farming in Georgia as an Economic and Social Buffer

The aim of this contribution is to show what official data are available and what statements can be made concerning the importance of subsistence farming in Georgia. Combining the official figures with observations of the Georgian situation provided insight to the significance of subsistence farming for the Georgian society. It...
Georgia
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
Agrarian Reform and Subsistence Agriculture in Russia

Three of the most important Russian agrarian institutions are the subsistence household farm (personal auxiliary farm), the collective farm, and the district administration. Before collectivisation, the Russian peasant farms were primarily subsistence farms. Each peasant farm had two types of land plots: a farmstead plot and field plot(s). After 1917...
Russian Federation
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
Economic Background and Development Opportunities of Individual Subsidiary Holdings in the Ukraine: Some Empirical Evidence

During transition, many Ukrainian agricultural enterprises found themselves in a deep economic crisis. Generally, the privatisation and restructuring of the enterprises was merely formal. Agriculture mainly suffers from an adverse  overall economic situation, liquidity problems, and poor infrastructure. In the 1990s the accumulated decline of agricultural output was 51%. In...
Ukraine
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Journal article
Modelling Subsistence Agriculture in Russia: Effects of Total Productivity Changes and Reduction of Marketing Margins

The transition process in Russia, which started vigorously at the beginning of the 1990s, has yielded negative economic growth rates for almost a decade, with the exceptions of 1997 and 1999. Agriculture and domestic food industries in particular have suffered from the ongoing transition process and the associated restructuring of...
Russian Federation
2003 - Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Magazine article
Las comunidades campesinas en la reforma de la Constitución

Como parte de las reformas de la Constitución, se ha incorporado un capítulo denominado sobre los "Derechos de los pueblos orginarios" en el título II, Del Estado y la Nación
Peru
2003 - Centro Peruano de Estudios Sociales (CEPES)

Magazine article
Los supermercados y los agricultores

Una serie de estudios recientes han encontrado que los supermercados se han transformado en un actor dominante de los sistemas agroalimentarios de América Latina y el Caribe.
Peru
2003 - Centro Peruano de Estudios Sociales (CEPES)

Journal article
Soil fertility management and insect pests: harmonizing soil and plant health in agroecosystems

Cultural methods such as crop fertilization can affect susceptibility of plants to insect pests by altering plant tissue nutrient levels. Research shows that the ability of a crop plant to resist or tolerate insect pests and diseases is tied to optimal physical, chemical and mainly biological properties of soils. Soils...
2003 - Elsevier Science B.V

Article
Fishing, Families, and the Survival of Artisanal Boat-Ownership in the Bigouden Region of France

Small-scale, family fishing enterprises manage to persist despite the difficult economic and ecological changes and disruptions they almost constantly have experienced during the past several decades. Drawing upon long-term ethnographic and historical research in the Bigouden region of France, this paper asks why and how family-based fishing enterprises continue in...
France
2003 - MAST 2003

Magazine article
Comunidades campesinas las "tres íes", de nuevo en debate

En el debate por reformar la actual Constitución, nuevamente se ha planteado la conveniencia o no de mantener el régimen de protección de las comunidades campesinas, restableciendo las llamadas "tres íes" sobre la propiedad de sus tierras: imprescriptibles, inembargables e inalienables, tal como lo prescribieron las Constituciones de 1920 y...
Peru
2003 - Centro Peruano de Estudios Sociales (CEPES)

Book
Soil fertility and land productivity

A guide for extension workers in the eastern Africa region
The eastern Africa region faces serious and worsening problems of food security, decreasing per capita food production and massive poverty. Agriculture in this region is dominated by smallholder farmers. Yield levels on these farms are generally very low for a variety of reasons. One important reason is the declining soil...
Ethiopia - Kenya - Rwanda - United Republic of Tanzania - Zimbabwe
2003 - Regional Land Management Unit (RELMA)

Project
Rural development project for mountain zones in the north of the Wilaya of M'sila

This project, designed to reduce rural poverty, focused particularly on small farmers, unemployed young people and rural women. It was in line with the government's strategic development aims in mountain areas with a high incidence of poverty.  The project served as a platform for continuing policy dialogue with the government on...
Algeria
2003 - International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Total results:18337