在2021年2月粮安委批准 《准则内容纲要》 之后起草了 《准则预稿》 《准则预稿》，作为磋商过程的基础文本，这一磋商过程包括 六个区域磋商会 (拉丁美洲和加勒比、欧洲和中亚、近东、非洲、亚洲和太平洋以及北美洲）以及本次在线磋商会。
该活动现已结束。请联系 [email protected] 了解更多信息。
女士 Marina Calvino
Message from the facilitator
We would like to thank all CFS stakeholders and FSN Forum Members who have provided their contributions on the Voluntary Guidelines on Gender Equality and Women’s and Girls’ Empowerment in the Context of Food Security and Nutrition via this online consultation.
We are very satisfied with the positive response to our call, with 113 contributions received.
We also appreciated the male contributions to this process, which on these issues is not obvious and often in the minority, a special thanks!
Your diverse comments are really precious and informative, they contributed to strengthen the structure and contents of the Zero Draft and have also provided us with several interpretations of the same issues and included further perspectives; they often provided better clarity on priorities and actions to be taken.
We also appreciated very much the references to good practices, carried out in the context of projects and programs at regional, national and local level, promoted by governments, CSOs, and the private sector, and the analyses offered by various experts and exponents of the academic world.
Some experiences are truly encouraging and inspiring, others make us understand how there is need for greater innovation and much more attention to solve many of the problems and barriers experienced by women and girls, in all regions of the world.
Your input will be taken into account in preparing the First Draft of the Voluntary Guidelines that will be presented to an open meeting early next year.
Thank you very much for having participated with your time and expertise in this process, in the inclusive perspective that distinguishes the CFS mission, and that has enriched us a lot!
Follow next steps of this process on our CFS Gender Equality and Women's and Girl's Empowerment Workstream webpage.
With my best regards,
博士 Lilian Nkengla
Contribution by Rosario Castro, Brooke Feldman and Lilian Nkengla
Background and Rationale
The background and rational is really comprehensive addressing most challenges to achieve gender equality and the full realization of women’s and girls’ rights.
Part 3 - Comments with reference to Part 3 - Zero Draft
3.1 Women’s participation, voice and leadership in policy- and decision-making at all levels.
34. “When women have control over the family income, it is more likely to be spent on food and well-being for their children.” Although is true that women economic empowerment has a direct impact to the well-being of their family and children, I wonder how does relate also with the direct well-being of women themselves. Does access to family impacts women’s greater access to food for themselves and therefore for their nutrition and well-being?
3.2. Elimination of violence and discrimination against women for improved food security and nutrition
42. The text could make a greater case to describe or develop deeper the links between violence and discrimination against women and its direct link with food security and nutrition. 42 y 44 should go together since addressing the same issue.
A topic missing in this policy area related to the existence of violence and discrimination in the workplace (farms, agricultural plantations, agricultural and food processing farms). There is evidence of the high prevalence of violence against women in the agricultural workplace, but the guidelines do not necessary address this issue. This area could be in 3.2 or 3.6.
Access to education, capacity building, training, knowledge, and information services
Access to labour markets and decent work
3.7 Recognition, reduction and redistribution of unpaid care and domestic work
There is not mention to a policy area that address situations related to conflict and crisis.
博士 Nisha Verma
Under the third part of the zero draft of guidelines in point no 3.4 strict gender transformative government policies are desired towards equalizing access to productive resources, markets, income, credits, land and resource ownerships by eliminating or leveraging female male differences. (Despite significant advancement towards equality in inheritance laws, women are found to constitute barely 14% of landowners owning 11% of agricultural land in rural landowning households, averaged across states of India (Agarwal et al 2021).
Under point no 3.7, besides measuring and recognizing the financial value of unpaid work and its inclusion within national statistics, a policy for equal right of income towards unpaid work or gender transformative policy is desired to share the unpaid work amongst the male and female within the household.
Under point no 3.5, a policy recommendation for inclusion of equal rights and access to Green Budget /Green Income (Rs ha-1) i.e. Net income ± Environmental cost as poor people specially women are the worst sufferers of climate change although the contribute least to its degradation. Women are mainly involved in low input production systems and are conserving traditional seeds/breeds. Gender transformative capacity building programmes are desired for enhancing the farm efficiency/productivity.
*Environmental cost = Price due to the positive impacts or cost due to the negative impacts.
博士 Meryl Williams
I attach the GAFS response. I do hope it will be helpful in producing the next draft of this important Guideline. The start is great!
In my opinion the zero draft covered all important aspects that relate to gender issues. But it is necessary to focus on how women, especially in the poor and middle classes, can obtain adequate support to run small private projects that will generate good income for them and their families, with the development of an integrated marketing plan to bridge the gap and find appropriate solutions.
It is also necessary to work to correct the concept of women's empowerment, which is understood as watering down men and not as support for the family, and working to find the best ways to manage the family and society in a more civilized manner.
English translation below
Bonsoir à tous
D’abord, je félicite toutes les personnes impliquées dans l'élaboration de cette version zéro des directives. C’est un bon travail. Pourtant, merci de trouver ci après mes contributions à l’amélioration de ce document :
Partie 1. Cette version zéro capture-t-elle de manière appropriée les principaux défis et obstacles qui entravent les progrès en matière d'égalité des genres et de pleine réalisation des droits des femmes et des filles dans le contexte de la sécurité alimentaire et de la nutrition ? Si la réponse est négative, quels sont selon vous les éléments manquants ou à ajuster ?
La partie 2 de la version zéro reflète-t-elle de manière satisfaisante les principes fondamentaux qui doivent sous-tendre les Directives ? Si la réponse est négative, que proposez-vous pour améliorer ces principes ?
Je pense que ces principes fondamentaux sont satisfaisants mais ils sont un peu nombreux.
Les neuf sections de la partie 3 de la version zéro couvrent-elles de manière exhaustive les domaines politiques à aborder pour parvenir à l’égalité des genres et à la pleine réalisation des droits des femmes et des filles dans le contexte de la sécurité alimentaire et de la nutrition? Si la réponse est négative, quels sont, selon vous, les éléments manquants ?
La politique de faciliter l’acquisition de femmes de terrain à cultiver ou accessibilité des femmes à la terre.
La partie 4 de la version zéro fournit-elle tous les éléments nécessaires à une mise en œuvre et un suivi efficaces de l'utilisation et de l'application des Directives ? Si la réponse est négative, quels sont les éléments que vous proposez d'ajouter ou de modifier ?
Good evening to all,
First of all, I would like to congratulate all those involved in the development of version zero of the Guidelines. It is a good job. However, please find below my contributions to the improvement of this document:
Part 1. Does this draft zero adequately capture main challenges and obstacles to the progress in gender equality and the full realisation of women's and girls' rights in the context of food security and nutrition? If not, what do you think is missing or needs to be adjusted?
Does Part 2 of draft zero adequately reflect the fundamental principles that should underpin the Guidelines? If not, what would you suggest to improve these principles?
I think that these fundamental principles are satisfactory, but their number is a bit excessive.
Do the nine sections of Part 3 of draft zero comprehensively cover the policy areas that need to be addressed to achieve gender equality and the full realisation of women's and girls' rights in the context of food security and nutrition? If not, what do you think are the missing elements?
The policy to facilitate women's acquisition of land for cultivation or women's access to land.
Does Part 4 of draft zero provide all the elements necessary for effective implementation and monitoring of the use and application of the Guidelines? If not, what elements do you propose to add or change?
博士 Sarada Prasad Mohapatra
My views on 3.2 & 3.6
博士 Lissandra Santos
Consultation for the development of the CFS Voluntary Guidelines on Gender Equality and Women’s and Girls’ Empowerment in the Context of Food Security and Nutrition
As a document aimed at Gender Equality in the context of Food Security and Nutrition, these contributions to are based on two main aspects that should be more probed in the document: (i) not only girls and women, but also men and boys must also be seen as targets of attention to achieve the main objective. Which means set goals including men and boys in all items; (ii) empowering women is also about teaching them what they are capable of which means change the way how tell the stories to children emphasizing women’s relevance in all areas of knowledge.
These issues are contemplated in the document, but I would like to address specific topics about them:
In topic 34, about women’s decision-making power on household spending patterns, it should be noted that prioritize women to have control over the family income with the aim of ensuring better quality food and well-being for their children can contributes to reinforce gender stereotypes. Men and boys should be fostered to equally share domestic and care work at the households with women, which includes:
It should be considered these goals will represent a huge change in culture that will demand time and different investments for many countries. Each one should take the step that can handle each time.
In topic 54, subtopic ii: “Gender-transformative education systems to promote gender equality and deliver more equitable education results for girls and boys through safe and healthy learning environments”.
Besides to provide better opportunities for women at urban and rural areas, it should be emphasized that gender-transformative education systems includes changing the way to telling stories for children both boys and girls since people are empowered when they see their potential in similar ones.
Thus, girls and boys need to know women who made important contributions in all different areas of knowledge. Children must know that, even in an adverse context, many women managed to dedicate themselves to some cause and made the best of it. As a few examples, the stories of women like Marie Curie, Emmy Noether and Rosalind Franklin should be telling as much as Mother Teresa of Calcutta.
Empowering women is also about teaching them what they are capable of, telling the story in ways that appreciate the role of diverse women in all areas not only in the areas related to care and charity. Telling that even in an adverse context, many women managed to dedicate themselves to some area, as Sciences, and made the best of it.
Empowering women could also decreased violence against women since empowered women do not believe they need to have a male partner, and experience less abusive situations for a long time. This topic also must include training of professional who are involved in assisting women, including women victims of violence, since discriminatory forms of care for women still predominate in health services, specifically in developing countries. It is necessary to guarantee to these women a safe and welcoming environment that promotes their psychological recovery and reintegration into the labor market, whenever possible.
Although breastfeeding is cited in this document, and it is contemplated in other specific documents, it should have a topic dedicated to it considering women who choose to be mothers. Breastfeeding can substantially contribute to reducing food insecurity in households, promotes sustainability and, when stimulated from a woman's perspective, can empower women as well.
To empower women during breastfeeding means giving voice to women and their needs during this period, which are often silenced at the expense of the child's needs. Understand women’s experience of life is urgent to give the ideal support and promote breastfeeding:
Santosh Kumar Mishra
I am pleased to submit herewith my inputs for the Consultation for the development of the CFS Voluntary Guidelines on Gender Equality and Women’s and Girls’ Empowerment in the Context of Food Security and Nutrition. I hope that you (your team) will find my contribution (which are in MS Word, 9 pages) interesting & meaningful, in academic and research terms.