FAO and the GEF

Partnering for sustainable agri-food systems and the environment

Knowledge publications

Good practices from FAO-GEF projects


Since 2019, through the GEF-funded sustainable forest management project in Uzbekistan, more than 400 women residing in pilot project sites of  have learned how to produce environmentally friendly non-wood handicrafts for sale. Thanks to their new or improved skills, these women have increas...


Tuna and tuna-like fishes make up about 70 percent of the reported catches in Grenada. With an estimated 2 550 tonnes of fish caught annually, fisheries play an important role in the Grenadian economy, providing employment and income, food and food security, while also being a major source of for...


Indies Greens, the Antigua and Barbuda's only aquaponics farm and training centre, combines aquaculture and hydroponics to produce fish and vegetables at the same time.


The Climate-Smart Livestock Management (CSLM) project was designed to provide an alternative to traditional livestock. The project anchored CSL approach in public policy while also incorporating it at the producer level and successfully increased livestock productivity resulting in increased incomes for depending local producers.


In the semi-arid regions of southwestern Angola, the capacity of ecosystems to provide valuable services is under pressure due to changes in the pasture and water management practices, climate change and land degradation. The RETESA prject sought to address these issues through a participatory and integrated approach.


In Cameroon, mangroves are threatened as a result of demographic pressure and urban expansion. The good practices adopted and implemented by the GEF-funded project in Cameroon contributed to the creation of Cameroon’s first marine and terrestrial national park, Douala-Edea National Park, spread across over 260 000 hectares, that includes mangrove forests, rivers, wetlands and marine habitats.


In the Chimborazo province of Ecuador, climate change and unsustainable use of natural resources in threatening the health of its Páramos, resulting in negative social and economic impacts on local communities. In this regard, the project sought to strengthen the local capacity for the sustainable management of natural resources and improve livelihoods.


El Salvador features a rich diversity of natural ecosystems, which is exposed to a range of natural hazards, including extreme weather events related to climate change. The GEF-funded project successfully employed a number of good practices in the areas of sustainable natural resource management, community and ecosystem resilience, and climate change adaptation.


Population growth and accelerating economic development has put greater pressure on marine ecosystems in the Coral Triangle in Southeast Asia. The REBYC-II CTI project reduced the impact of bycatch, discards and fishing on biodiversity and the environment by facilitating effective public and private sector partnerships for improved trawl and bycatch management.


The Kagera River Basin, shared by Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, supports the livelihoods of 16.5 million people and its conservation is essential for maintaining the water levels of Lake Victoria and outflow to the Nile. The Kagera TAMP project supported the adoption of an integrated ecosystems approach for the management of land resources to generate local, national and global benefits.


Climate change has had a significant impact on yields and livelihoods in Nepal, fueled by an increase in climate-related hazards as well as pests and diseases, soil erosion, deforestation and desertification. The project successfully employed a number of good practices to effectively respond to the impacts of climate change in the agriculture sector.


Eritrea faces a number of threats related to the environmental degradation and public health impacts of pesticides, including persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The project sought to address risks arising from POPs and obsolete pesticides, dispose of existing stocks, and prevent further accumulation in Eritrea through the use of sound environmental management methods.


The GCS-Tenure project sought to improve the way forest and land tenure reforms are understood, communicated, and used, so that decision-makers, practitioners and forest-dependent people in developing countries are well-equipped to develop and implement policies and initiatives that support tenure security, livelihoods and sustainable forest management.


Responding to the knowledge gaps in areas of sustainable land management (SLM) and limited capacities and awareness among policy-makers about the importance of adopting SLM approaches, the project produced valuable methodological guidelines, tools and toolkits that are relevant to any country seeking to combat desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD).


Growth of tourism and population in the Ilha Grande bay have exerted great pressure on local ecosystems, threatening natural resources and livelihoods. The Integrated Management of the Ilha Grande Bay Ecosystem project (BIG) promoted sustainable management of the Bay to safeguard natural resources and ecosystem services for the future.