EAF-Nansen Programme
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Urgent action is needed to reduce the leakage of plastics to the ocean. To do this we need more information on the quantities and types of litter that have leaked, especially from regions and countries where data are scarce or lacking. With more knowledge, we will also be able to estimate the risk to local fishing communities in terms of social health well-being and economic resilience. In addition, we will be better placed to assess the impact of litter on key maritime sectors, such as fisheries, as well as on key environmental indicators such as breeding grounds and sensitive habits.

The EAF-Nansen Programme has been running two studies on marine litter. The first study involved the recording of the litter retrieved in the demersal trawl, during surveys with the research vessel (R/V) Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, in the period 2011–2023. The second study examined the impact of marine litter on the beach seine fishery of four countries in the Gulf of Guinea.

The EAF-Nansen Programme is a longstanding partnership between the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and Norway, dating back to 1975. It is executed by FAO in close collaboration with the Institute of Marine Research in Norway (IMR), and funded by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad).

In 2018, the state-of-the-art research vessel Dr. Fridtjof Nansen of the EAF-Nansen Programme conducted a survey of the waters off the coast of northern Mozambique, using its advanced technology and equipment to collect data and information on the resources in the area. The expedition provided a great opportunity to bring this ocean area to the attention of scientists and ocean enthusiasts, both to increase knowledge of its beauty and raise awareness of the challenges it faces. Using the findings from the research survey, this book will take you on a journey through the marine landscape. You will learn about the diversity of its unique and beautiful fauna, as well as signs of human impacts on the habitats and species of the Cabo Delgado province.

Em 2018, o navio de investigação de última geração Dr. Fridtjof Nansen do Programa EAF-Nansen realizou um levantamento científico das águas ao largo da costa Norte de Moçambique, usando a sua tecnologia e equipamentos avançados para recolher dados e informações sobre os recursos na área. A expedição proporcionou uma grande oportunidade para chamar a atenção de cientistas e entusiastas do oceano para esta região oceânica, tanto para aumentar o conhecimento sobre a sua beleza quanto para sensibilizar para os desafios que esta enfrenta. Usando os resultados obtidos durante o cruzeiro de investigação, este livro irá levá-lo numa uma viagem pela paisagem marinha. Irá aprender sobre a diversidade da sua fauna única e bela, assim como sobre os sinais dos impactos humanos nos habitats e espécies da província de Cabo Delgado.

The EAF-Nansen Programme has supported partner countries in their efforts to implement sustainable fisheries since 1975. More recently, work besides fisheries has also been dedicated to addressing human-related pressures on marine ecosystems such as oil and gas exploitation activities, recognizing that these may also represent a major threat to fisheries and ecosystem sustainability. Increasing oil and gas exploitation activities in the absence of adequate monitoring programs represent a major source of concern. In this context, the EAF-Nansen Programme, with the R/V Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, supports partner countries with setting baselines as the basis for monitoring systems in support of environmental management in areas where oil and gas activities are being developed. Following up upon request by the Governments of Mauritania and Senegal, a survey was organized between 22 October and 16 November 2021 with the main objective of developing a baseline for future monitoring of possible impacts of oil and gas activities at sea in the region between 17º and 15º south. The sampling scheme was planned to be in line with the Guidelines for Monitoring the Environmental Impact of Offshore Oil and Gas Activities by the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic. Preliminary results are already available from bottom habitat mapping and are presented in this policy brief because of their relevance to the ongoing developments in gas exploitation in Mauritania and in Senegal.

A research survey was conducted on board the Dr. Fridtjof Nansen in May/June 2018 with the aim of characterizing the marine ecosystems and morphology of the Saya de Malha Bank, part of the Mascarene Plateau in the Western Indian Ocean. Some of the major research findings from this Nansen cruise are featured in this special issue of the Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, entitled: “Studies on the Mascarene Plateau.” These contributions present new scientific knowledge for the Mascarene Plateau and can help inform policy and decision-making in the Mascarene region. These scientific data provide a basis for comparison with findings of potential future oceanic research cruises and marine spatial planning processes on the Mascarene Plateau.

This identification guide includes 552 species of mesopelagic fishes (i.e. those fishes residing primarily between 200-1000 m depth during daytime) that are known to occur in the central and south east Atlantic Ocean. Fully illustrated dichotomous keys to all taxa are provided. Species are treated in detail, with accounts including the scientific name, FAO common name in English (where available), other useful characters, size, a distribution map, and one or more illustrations. To facilitate even further the identification of the taxa, captions and arrows are added to help users quickly locate their key morphological features. The guide is intended for both specialists, and nonspecialists who have a working knowledge of ichthyology.

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