The Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism

The knowledge base of the Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism (FLRM) provides access to a comprehensive database of resources related to forest and landscape restoration (FLR) in a wide range of aspects. More specifically, it provides access to an online user-friendly platform where users can find guidance from planning and implementation to the ongoing management and monitoring of a restoration project.

This collection of publications from various types of organizations (international, regional and national, financial institutions, and teams and initiatives from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]) is comprised of seven sections on FLR monitoring, governance, land use planning, assessment of degradation, restoration implementation, economic analysis and capacity development.

More sources of knowledge on FLR can also be found on FAO’s Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox page, specifically on the modules Forest and Landscape Restoration and Forest Restoration.

FLR MONITORING - Resources to assess progress and success of restoration efforts. Monitoring is a way to know how well restoration projects and programmes are implemented, but it also refers to the physical evaluation of the forest and landscape to determine if the restoration efforts are successful.

GOVERNANCE - Resources to diagnose, assess and monitor governance of FLR processes. Improving governance requires a systematic approach to identifying areas of weakness, devising and implementing suitable responses, monitoring results, continuing adaptation and learning to ensure progress.

LAND USE PLANNING - Resources to select and adapt land-use options which are most beneficial to land users without degrading the resources of the environment, together with the selection of measures most likely to encourage such land uses.

ASSESSMENT OF DEGRADATION / RESTORATION OPPORTUNITIES - Resources to explore degradation of forests and landscapes, assess its degree and seek restoration opportunities.

IMPLEMENTATION OF RESTORATION - Resources to help through the process of the implementation of FLR programmes or activities.

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS - Resources to support exploring financing opportunities for restoration, as well as approaches and methods for cost- benefit analysis of restoration activities.

CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT AND EXTENSION - Collection of learning programmes, capacity building material, and links to institutions that provide resources, courses and/or trainings on FLR.


Hyperlinks to non-FAO websites do not imply any official endorsement of responsibility on the part of FAO for the opinions, ideas, data or products presented at these locations, or guarantee the validity of the information provided. The sole purpose of links to non-FAO sites is to indicate further information available on related topics. The information is provided on the basis that users accessing the platform assume responsibility for assessing its relevance, accuracy and suitability for application.