FAO Regional Office for Near East and North Africa



Global commodities and food prices continued their downward trend in the third quarter of 2023; however, food price inflation remains a great concern in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region. While the oil-exporting Gulf countries are faring well through the ongoing macroeconomic challenges, other NENA countries are struggling with high energy and input costs, economic challenges, domestic currency depreciation...


Agricultural data and their use for better decision making and innovation are at the centre of the digital transformation of agriculture in the Near East and North Africa region. The integration of big data and technology can improve the efficiency and productivity of agriculture by enabling farmers to make more informed decisions. The increase of agricultural productivity in the region with scarce natural resources is crucial to meet sustainably the food demand of a growing population.


Malpractices in poultry farms have great impact on public health and the environment. Unsafe disposal of dead birds from the farms is one of the major risk to be addressed. The intervention presented targets small and medium size farms to introduce a safe, easy and profitable way to dispose of dead birds. The methodology used to co-create the solution for the problem jointly with the beneficiaries in both private and public sector was a key for success.


Agrifood value chains of small and medium-sized producers in the Near East and North Africa region have the potential to generate more value through improved access to high-value markets.


Smallholder farmers are responsible for most of the food consumed in the world, as well as most of the investments made in agriculture. They operate largely in a range of local and national markets that are embedded in territorial food systems, also known as “territorial markets”.


This Activity Book is aimed at a broad age range of young people interested in learning more about the importance of water on our planet, inspiring them with solutions for a wiser management of water resources. Governments, the private sector, farmers, academia, civil society and individuals need to work together to address global water challenges.


The Guidelines for action on food loss and waste reduction in the Near East and North Africa provide support to Member Countries to implement the Voluntary Code of Conduct for Food Loss and Waste Reduction, an international instrument designed to guide FLW policymaking and interventions at global level.


This paper examines how information and communications (ICT) technologies can contribute to decent employment of youth and women in the agrifood sector. In other regions, the widespread adoption and integration of ICTs has reduced information and transaction costs, improved service delivery, created new jobs, generated new revenue streams and saved resources.


Agrifood systems in the Near East and North Africa are characterized by increasingly degraded natural resources and vulnerability to climate change, rapid population growth and protracted crises. In addition, the region has been affected by conflict that has further exposed the fragilities and worsened the challenges already faced by communities.


Access to clean and safe water is a prerequisite to meeting basic human rights. Water is indispensable for all productive activities in the sectors of agriculture, industry and energy generation; it is also crucial to the existence of ecosystems and all life within them.


Gender inequality in Palestine has contributed to the marginalization of women from access and control over available resources including water.


Small-scale family farmers are the backbone of rural communities in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region. Despite their extensive participation in the agricultural sector, these types of farmers and their farms are disproportionately affected by poverty, ultimately constituting about 70 percent of the poorliving in the region.


Although international commodities and food prices have declined over the past 12 months, domestic food price inflation remains high in many countries of the Arab region, partly due to domestic currency depreciation and continued high energy, transportation, and insurance costs.


The date palm is one of the oldest cultivated fruits in the world. It is believed to have originated in the Fertile Crescent around 4000 BC and then its cultivation spread to the Arabian Peninsula and other parts of the world.


The Arab Water Council (AWC) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) have recently embarked on a collaborative program, “Sustainable Management of Brackish Water Agriculture Use”, within the framework of the FAO Regional Water Scarcity Initiative and the Arab Water Security Strategy (2010–2030) of the League of Arab States.


In an effort to assist the Iraqi Government in addressing the challenges currently faced by the displaced farming population in their return to farming, the International Organization on Migration (IOM) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) have agreed to collaborate on a joint study to identify the needs of the displaced population and strategies for restarting agricultural production in conflict-affected rural areas.


The date palm is a strategic crop for producing countries in the Arab Region, contributing significantly to their national economies, and constituting the most important income generating crop to the inhabitants of critical parts of the region.


Migration has always been an integral part of people’s lives and livelihoods in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region. At least some of this migration is partly driven by a deterioration in environmental conditions and an increase in the frequency of weather extremes (e.g. drought, sea level rise, extreme heat and increasingly unpredictable rainfall patterns) that have important implications for rural farming livelihoods.


In collaboration with the FAO Representation in the Sudan, the FAO Subregional Office for Eastern Africa, the FAO Regional Office for Near East and North Africa, and the FAO Inclusive Rural Transformation and Gender Equality Division, this DIEM – Data in Emergencies situation overview presents the potential impacts of the ongoing conflict on agriculture and food security in the Sudan.


In Africa, several high-level continental African Union policies and strategies feature this objective, including the Maputo Declaration, the Malabo Declaration, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, the Agenda 2063 (The Africa we want) and, most recently, the African Free Continental Trade Area (AfCFTA).

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