Le droit à l’alimentation autour du globe

  Ghana

La Constitution de la République du Ghana ne protège pas de manière explicite le droit à une alimentation adéquate.

La République du Ghana est devenue un État partie au Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels en 2000 par ratification. Le Protocole facultatif a été signé par la République du Ghana en 2009, mais il n’a pas encore été ratifié.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 40: "INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. In its dealings with other nations, the Government shall— (a) promote and protect the interests of Ghana; (b) seek the establishment of a just and equitable international economic and social order; (c) promote respect for international law, treaty obligations and the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means; (d) adhere to the principles enshrined in or as the case may be, the aims and ideals of— (i) the Charter of the United Nations; (ii) the Charter of the Organization of African Unity; (iii) the Commonwealth; (iv) the Treaty of the Economic Community of West African States; and (v) any other international organization of which Ghana is a member." 

Article 73: "INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. The Government of Ghana shall conduct its international affairs in consonance with the accepted principles of public international law and diplomacy in a manner consistent with the national interest of Ghana.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 28: "(a) every child has the right to the same measure of special care, assistance and maintenance as is necessary for its development from its natural parents, except where those parents have effectively surrendered their rights and responsibilities in respect of the child in accordance with law;”

Article 36: Economic objectives.

(1) The State shall take all necessary action to ensure that the national economy is managed in such a manner as to maximize the rate of economic development and to secure the maximum welfare, freedom and happiness of every person in Ghana and to provide adequate means of livelihood and suitable employment and public assistance to the needy.
(10) The State shall safeguard the health, safety and welfare of all persons in employment.”

Article 37: 
(2)(b) The State shall enact appropriate laws to ensure the protection and promotion of all other basic human rights and freedoms, including the rights of the disabled, the aged, children and other vulnerable groups in development processes.
(3) In the discharge of the obligations stated in clause (2) of this article, the State shall be guided by international human rights instruments which recognize and apply particular categories of basic human rights to development processes.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Ratification (2000)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratification (1986)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1990)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2012)

Législation et politiques qui reconnaissent le droit à une alimentation adéquate

Les Directives sur le droit à l’alimentation, validées par le Comité de la sécurité alimentaire mondiale et adoptées par le Conseil de la FAO, fournissent des orientations pour la réalisation progressive du droit à une alimentation adéquate dans le contexte de la sécurité alimentaire nationale

Étant donné que le droit humain à une alimentation adéquate peut être mis en œuvre par le biais de plusieurs actions juridiques et politiques, nous vous invitons à visiter les Profils par pays sur FAOLEX pour accéder à la collection complète des mesures adoptées au niveau national. Parmi les différents documents disponibles, vous trouverez la législation et les politiques qui font référence à certaines Directives pertinentes, telles que la Directive 8 sur l' Accès aux ressources et aux moyens de production, la Directive 9 sur la Sécurité sanitaire des aliments et protection des consommateurs, la Directive 13 sur l’Appui aux groupes vulnérables, et la Directive 16 sur les Catastrophes naturelles et anthropiques.

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