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Gender

 

Oxfam Minimum Standards for Gender in Emergencies

Oxfam, November 2013

The Minimum Standards for Gender in Emergencies have been developed to be used as a tool for humanitarian program practitioners to ensure a consistent approach to promoting gender equality in humanitarian preparedness and response programming. The minimum standards are built on four areas:

  • Using gender analysis throughout the project cycle to inform planning, program design and implementation, and Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning;
  • Ensuring participation, dignity, empowerment;
  • Promoting gender equality through internal practices;
  • Addressing gender-based violence and prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse.

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Gender Equality, Women’s Rights and Women’s Priorities: Recommendations for the proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Post-2015 Development Agenda

Women’s Major Group, September 2013

Governments and UN Agencies are busy preparing their priorities for a framework of goals and targets for development, following the Rio+20 Summit in June 2012, as well as the post-2015 follow-up of the Millennium Development Goals. Many priorities are already being formulated in the first months of 2013. It is essential that the analysis and recommendations from the perspective of civil-society women’s and gender organisations is taken into account. The Women’s Major Group was created to assure effective public participation of women's groups and other organizations and social movements striving for gender equality and gender justice in the UN policy process on Sustainable Development. This report provides a compilation of position papers on different elements of the post-2015 agenda and proposed Sustainable Development Goals written by a very diverse group of active members of the Women’s Major Group.

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The Global Gender Gap Report 2013

WEF, 2013

The Global Gender Gap Index introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006, is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time. The rankings are designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps. The Index is designed to measure gender-based gaps in access to resources and opportunities in individual countries rather than the actual levels of the available resources and opportunities in those countries. We do this in order to make the Global Gender Gap Index independent from countries’ the levels of development.

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Gender and Social Movements. Overview Report

BRIDGE, 2013

This report provides an in-depth exploration of theory, case studies and key learning and routes to change drawn from the programme. The report is intended for a broad audience interested and/or involved in work around social movements and on women's rights and gender justice. It contains:

  • A framework for understanding social justice movements and some of the debates, challenges and tensions they face.
  • An introduction to women's and feminist movements, their visions and strategies, and the gains they have made over recent decades.
  • An overview of responses by broader social justice movements to issues of women's rights and gender justice.
  • An assessment of common challenges in building gender-just movements.
  • A description of the core elements of gender-just movements.
  • Some practical routes for nurturing social justice movements that challenge unjust gender power relations in all domains.

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Making Joint Gender Programmes Work. Guide for design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation

MDG Achievement Fund / UNDP, July 2013

This guide sets out how to improve the design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of joint gender programmes (JPG). It helps address some of the less tangible areas that are often constraints to JGP success, such as power dynamics and the need for coordination, negotiation, leadership, and accountability. Lastly, it also provides a wide range of examples from JGPs that have achieved positive results.

This guide is the first systematic inter-agency guidance on JGPs and was created based on requests from UN Country Teams (UNCTs), Gender Theme Groups and JGP coordinators for additional support. It is organized in three different sections and addresses the challenges and proposed solutions that JGPs encountered along with examples and other useful resources.           

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Recognise, Redistribute, Reduce the Women's Unpaid Care Burden

ActionAid, 2013

Unpaid care work refers to the work done in the home and in communities from preparing food, collecting firewood and water to taking care of children, the ill and the elderly. Women and girls living in poverty sometimes have to forego their basic human rights to an education, healthcare, decent work and leisure time in order to balance all these many activities. This perpetuates gender inequality, reinforces inequitable gender norms and keeps women and girls in poverty.ActionAid International Women’s Rights team piloted the women’s Unpaid Care Work Program in collaboration with ActionAid Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria and Nepal.

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Gender Inequality & Fragility in the Post-MDG Framework

CORDAID Policy Paper, March 2013

Despite the progress that has been made in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), fragility and gender inequality risk undermining development in many countries and reversing the gains that have been made over the past decades. As debates around the post-2015 agenda continue, it is critical that these two issues are prioritised in any future goals, targets and indicators that are proposed, and that they are linked strategically to the implementation of UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and the New Deal on Engagement in Fragile States. This paper highlights key recommendations and possible actions that could be taken over the coming months to ensure a more coordinated approach to addressing fragility and gender inequality in the post-MDG framework.

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Understanding and integrating gender issues into livestock projects and programme – A checklist for practitioners

FAO, 2013

This booklet is designed to facilitate gender analysis in projects and programmes in the livestock sector. It identifies the main challenges faced by smallholder farmers, especially women, in small livestock management (particularly poultry and small ruminants) and in dairy farming. These specific livestock subsectors, including all activities related to dairy farming, have been specifically selected for this study because of women’s significant contribution and involvement. The booklet is intended to help livestock experts and professionals involved in field projects and interventions to identify the main constraints faced by women and men in accessing, controlling and managing small livestock and dairy farming and design projects and programmes that address these challenges.

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Gender, poverty and environmental indicators on African countries

ADB, 2013

This is the thirteenth volume of this publication, which also provides some information on the broad development trends relating to gender, poverty and environmental issues in the 54 African countries covered. It is divided in three main parts: Part One presents a special feature article on “Facilitating green growth in Africa: Perspectives from the African Development Bank”. Part two presents comparative cross-country data on Millennium Development Goals, Gender, Poverty and the Environment; and Part Three provides detailed country-specific data for each of the 54 countries.

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Gender equality and economic growth: Is there a win-win?

IDS Working Paper 417, February 2013

To what extent does gender equality contribute to economic growth? And to what extent does the reverse relationship hold true? There are a growing number of studies exploring these relationships, generally using cross-country regression analysis. They are characterised by varying degrees of methodological rigour to take account of the problems associated with econometric analysis at this highly aggregated level, including the problems of reverse causality. Bearing these problems in mind, a review of this literature suggests that the relationship between gender equality and economic growth is an asymmetrical one. The evidence that gender equality, particularly in education and employment, contributes to economic growth is far more consistent and robust than the relationship that economic growth contributes to gender equality in terms of health, wellbeing and rights. From a growth perspective, therefore, the promotion of certain dimensions of gender equality may appear to offer a win-win solution but from a gender equity perspective, there is no guarantee that growth on its own will address critical dimensions of gender equality. Either growth strategies would need to be reformulated to be more inclusive in their impacts or redistributive measures would need to be put in place to ensure that men and women benefit more equally from growth.

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Rural Women and the Millennium Development Goals

Inter-Agency Task Force on Rural Women (led by FAO, IFAD and WFP), 2012

 

This 12-page fact sheet highlights the progress of rural women against key Millennium Development Goal (MDG) indicators, pointing to some of the advancements made and gaps that still exist. It suggests that globally, and with only a few exceptions, rural women fare worse than rural men and urban women and men for every MDG indicator for which data are available. While data collection along these lines has improved in recent years – in part because of increased donor and government interest – there still remains a general lack of data not only disaggregated by sex, but also by rural and urban areas. This has an impact on our global ability to confidently monitor progress toward the MDGs for all people in all regions, urban and rural, and particularly where progress is needed most.

 

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Passport to Mainstreaming Gender in Water Programmes – Key questions for interventions in the agricultural sector

FAO/Gewamed/GWA, 2013

The purpose of the passport is to support development practitioners in mainstreaming a gender perspective during planning, implementation and management of agricultural water management projects and programmes. This implies assessing the implications of any intervention on women and men, girls and boys, through a participatory approach, while designing gender sensitive interventions. The expected outcome is improved performance of water management projects and systems, while strengthening the position of rural women or other disadvantaged groups.

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On Norms and Agency. Conversations about Gender Equality with Women and Men in 20 Countries

IBRD / The World Bank, 2012

This document explores some of the power dynamics of gender relations within the household and communities in different contexts. These processes are analyzed from the perspectives of groups of men and women and boys and girls who participated in focus groups in 97 communities around the world. From gender differences and inequalities to intra-household decision making, more than 4,000 women and men in 500-plus single-sex focus groups reflected on how social norms that define what it means to be and act as a woman or a man affect their life outcomes and their access to opportunities.

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Gender and the Right to Food

In June 2012, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Olivier De Schutter, was invited by the Asian Development Bank to contribute his views on the role of gender equality in securing the right to food at the Eminent Speakers’ Forum. Two articles reflect his contribution to the Forum: – Our secret weapon against hunger: gender equality and women’s empowerment – The contribution of the right to food to global food security: a tool not a symbol In March 2013, he presented the report “Gender and the Right to Food” to the 22nd Session of the UN Human Rights Council.

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Integrating Gender in Care and Support of Vulnerable Children. A Guide for Program Designers and Implementers

FHi 360, July 2012

This document provides step-by-step guidance and recommendations for care and support programs on how to identify and address gender-related issues that negatively affect at-risk girls and boys in the local program context. This guide is a practical tool for those involved in design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of care and support programs for at-risk children.

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2012 Global Gender Gap Report

World Economic Forum, 2012

The Global Gender Gap Index is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time. The rankings are designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.

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Gender Sensitive Response and Recovery: An Overview

Oxfam GB, Gender Equality in Emergencies Programme Insights series, 2012

The number and complexity of hazards and disasters are increasing rapidly and there is ample evidence that women and girls are often more vulnerable to disasters than men and boys. This collection of Programme Insights papers considers the progress made and the challenges we still face in humanitarian and disaster risk reduction interventions, in responding adequately to the needs of all affected people. By sharing lessons learned, the papers can have value beyond their own contexts and will help to make future work more effective.

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Topic Guide on Gender

GSDRC, 2012

Considering gender involves examining how social norms and power structures affect the lives of, and opportunities available to, different groups of men and women, boys and girls. This guide – available to browse as web pages or to download as a 129-page PDF – is a reference for policymakers and practitioners on this important topic. It introduces some of the best recent literature on a range of gender issues and highlights major critical debates, practical guidance, and lessons learned. New publications and emerging issues will be regularly incorporated.

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Gender Equity Index 2012: Know the size of your gender gap

Social Watch, 2012

The achievements made by women all over the world towards equity in education are still very far from making an impact on their having a fair share in the economy or in political power. This can be concluded from the updated figures of the Gender Equity Index (GEI) 2012. None of the 154 countries considered in the study has narrowed the gender gap to an “acceptable” level. The annual GEI measures the gap between women and men in education, economy and political empowerment. The index is an average of the inequalities in the three dimensions. In literacy, it examines the gender gap in enrolment at all levels; economic participation computes the gaps in income and employment; empowerment measures the gaps in highly qualified jobs, parliament and senior executive positions.

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FAO Policy on Gender Equality: Attaining Food Security Goals in Agriculture and Rural Development

FAO, March 2012

The purpose of this policy document is to provide FAO with a framework to guide its efforts to achieve gender equality in all its technical work and to assess results, and calls on the whole organization to contribute to these efforts. This policy specifies FAO’s goal and objectives related to gender equality, and delineates an accountability structure to ensure policy oversight, and achievement of results (Annex A). This includes specifying roles and responsibilities for coordinating and supporting the implementation of the policy (Annex B).

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Clapping with both hands: 15 studies of good practice in promoting gender equality

ACT Alliance, Gender Report 2012

This publication celebrates innovative ACT programmes championed by brave women and men in 13 countries that have enhanced the voice of women in workplaces, government and society at large. It highlights 15 projects describing a range of programmes from peace-building to women’s political participation, sexual health campaigns to female-run micro-enterprises.

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African Women’s Decade: One Year On

MEWC, 2011

This report summarises the progress made by African countries regarding women’s rights and gender equality on the continent during the first year of the African Women’s Decade. This is done by presenting each country with a background and a presentation of progress and developments made within different areas, with importance for the human rights of women and gender equality. Make Every Woman Count (MEWC) will publish one report yearly throughout the 10-year duration of the African Women’s Decade. The purpose of the report is to provide an overview of women’s rights situation in Africa.

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Global Gender Gap Report 2011

World Economic Forum, Nov 2011

Through the Global Gender Gap Report series, the World Economic Forum has been quantifying the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress over time. By providing a comprehensive framework for benchmarking global gender gaps, the Report reveals those countries that are role models in dividing their resources equitably between women and men, regardless of the overall level of those resources. While gender equality ratios have improved in 85% of countries over the past six years, economic participation and political empowerment for women has failed to match the steady progress of health and education.

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World Development Report: Gender Equality and Development

The World Bank, September 2011

The lives of girls and women have changed dramatically over the past quarter century. The pace of change has been astonishing in some areas, but in others, progress toward gender equality has been limited—even in developed countries. This year's WDR argues that gender equality is a core development objective in its own right. It is also smart economics. Greater gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative. The Report also focuses on four priority areas for policy going forward: (i) reducing excess female mortality and closing education gaps where they remain, (ii) improving access to economic opportunities for women (iii) increasing women's voice and agency in the household and in society and (iv) limiting the reproduction of gender inequality across generations.

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Because I am a Girl: The State of the World’s Girls 2011 - So, what about boys?

Plan International, 2011

This is the fifth in a series of annual reports published by Plan examining the rights of girls throughout their childhood, adolescence and as young women. The report shows that far from being an issue just for women and girls, gender is also about boys and men, and that this needs to be better understood if we are going to have a positive impact on societies and economies. Drawing on research and case studies, the report argues that working for equality must involve men and boys both as holders of power and as a group that is also suffering the consequences of negative gender stereotypes. It also makes recommendations for action, showing policy makers and planners what can make a real difference to girls’ lives all over the world.

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Approaches to Gender and Sexuality: Responding to HIV. Report on the findings of a survey among Alliance Linking Organisations

International HIV/AIDS Alliance, February 2011

Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called ‘gender-transformative’ approaches. However, there are few approaches to achieve gender transformation, and many organisations within and outside the Alliance have struggled to overcome the controversies, sensitivities and structural barriers that impede progress.

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The World’s Women 2010: Trends and Statistics

UN, 2010

This report shows that progress towards gender equality has been made in some areas, such as school enrolment, health and economic participation. At the same time, it shows that much more needs to be done to close the gender gap in critical areas such as power and decision-making and violence against women.

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GEMS Toolkit. Gender mainstreaming strategies in decent work promotion: Programming tools

ILO, 2010

The GEMS Toolkit is a set of 12 practical tools to facilitate the implementation of Gender Mainstreaming Strategies (GEMS) in organisations, policies, programmes and projects. The toolkit aims to share knowledge, skills and tools with ILO constituents and partners on how to:

  • do a gender analysis of their work and their organisation;
  • put gender in the mainstream of policies, programmes and projects;
  • carry out gender-specific action to redress inequalities.

Apart from the full toolkit (87 pages), there is also a “GEMS toolkit in brief” Fact Sheet (24 pages).

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Gender dimensions of agricultural and rural employment: Differentiated pathways out of poverty

FAO/IFAD, 2010

Gender equality is an essential component of sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. Equitable access to more and better jobs in rural areas enable rural women to become effective economic actors and engines of growth; as well as to produce or acquire the food, water, fuel and social services their families need. Indeed, the quality of the care mothers are able to give to their children and other household members contributes to the health and productivity of whole families and communities and improves prospects for future generations. The important gaps in data availability and analytical work in many key areas handicap policy makers’ efforts to address these crucial issues adequately when designing poverty alleviation and growth strategies.

With the aim of promoting gender equitable rural employment strategies, FAO, IFAD and ILO partnered to carry out an assessment of the latest thinking on the gender dimension of rural and agricultural employment. The three organizations are committed to improving gender equality and women’s empowerment in agriculture and rural areas, and to strengthening women’s leadership and decision-making participation.

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Gender Inequality and the MDGs: What are the Missing Dimensions?

OECD Issues Brief, September 2010

As world leaders meet in New York in September 2010 to review progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), new research by the OECD Development Centre finds that looking at women’s control over resources, their level of decision-making power in the family and household, and their degree of control over their own physical security can shed light on the bottlenecks that hamper further progress across all the MDG targets.

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Gender Equality - Whose Problem is it Anyway?

VIDEA, April 2010

This publication explores themes of gender equality, including empowerment opportunities for women and men, education for women and girls, programmes to help women attain self-sufficiency, programmes to help women attain leadership training and positions, and opportunities for women in business; and human rights, including respect for, and understanding of, human rights, democracy, good governance and peace building/conflict resolution.

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Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

IPPF, March 2010

In recent decades, interest in understanding masculinities and working with men and boys on gender issues has increased enormously. More is known about different ways to engage men and boys to challenge harmful expressions of masculinity and to promote gender equity. Men’s ability and desire to change is increasingly understood; a recognition of the benefits this brings to themselves, and to other men, women and children. This report seeks to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. The report discusses challenges in this field, provides an overview of emerging good practice, and makes recommendations for improving existing policy work, programmes and services. Its findings are clear: working with men and boys is effective, men are changing, but greater efforts are still needed to scale up gender-transformative interventions with men and women.

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African Women’s Report 2009. Measuring Gender Inequality in Africa: Experiences and Lessons from the African Gender and Development Index

UNECA, November 2009

The report’s theme is opportune as African countries are being urged to improve their statistical systems and data collection methods to respond to development concerns. This includes the need to accelerate gender equality in the social, economic and political fields. The central message of the report is that gender equality cannot be adequately implemented and monitored without appropriate data.

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Engaging Men in Gender Initiatives

Catalyst, May 2009

Catalyst believes that men have a critical role to play in diversity and inclusion efforts, especially initiatives to eliminate gender bias. In What Change Agents Need to Know, the first report in the Engaging Men in Gender Initiatives series, Catalyst provided pivotal information about the cultural forces that can undermine organisational efforts to fully engage men as champions of gender initiatives. In the second report, Stacking the Deck for Success, Catalyst examines factors that can heighten or dampen men’s interest in acquiring skills to become effective change agents for gender equality at work.

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Bridging the gap: FAO's programme for gender equality in agriculture and rural development

FAO, 2009

Women's empowerment and gender equality are fundamental to FAO's vision of a world free of hunger and malnutrition. This guide describes the gender dimensions of each of FAO's new strategic objectives, and FAO action to achieve gender equity in agriculture and rural development.

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Gender equity in agriculture and rural development agricultural growth and rural development, gender

FAO, 2009

Gender equity means fairness and impartiality in the treatment of women and men, according to their respective needs. This is a quick guide to gender mainstreaming in FAO’s new strategic framework.

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Women and Rural Employment. Fighting Poverty by Redefining Gender Roles

FAO Economic and Social Perspectives - Policy Brief No.5, August 2009

About three quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas. Among those, women constitute a particularly vulnerable, yet crucially important group for social and economic development. Investing in rural women is thus not only a moral imperative; it can also be a promising strategy to effectively fight poverty and hunger.

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Gender and Governance

BRIDGE Cutting Edge Pack, April 2009

Governance processes – with their emphasis on principles of accountability, transparency, responsiveness and inclusiveness – should be a means to social transformation. But despite this potential, they are failing to deliver on gender equality, and women are having to struggle to get their voices heard and needs met. This Cutting Edge Pack maps out persistent obstacles to gender equality in governance and offers possible ways forward – including promoting gender balance in positions of authority, making rights central to governance institutions and processes at all levels, and building political will for change.

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Gender and Care

Bridge Cutting Edge Packs, 2009

Providing care can be both a source of fulfilment and a terrible burden. For women and girls in particular, their socially prescribed role as carers can undermine their rights and limit their opportunities, capabilities and choices - posing a fundamental obstacle to gender equality and well-being. How can we move towards a world in which individuals and society recognise and value the importance of different forms of care, but without reinforcing care work as something that only women can or should do?

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Women 2000 and Beyond: The Role of Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality

UNDAW, December 2008

Gender equality is not a women’s issue; it concerns men and boys as well as women and girls. Garnering sufficient support for the profound social changes required by the gender equality agenda cannot be achieved by women alone. It also requires the active involvement of men, all the more so as they often control the resources needed for this work. Moreover, the maintenance of an unequal gender order is likely to have negative consequences on men, for example the suppression of emotions to stay "in control" or the absence of nurturing relations with children. Recognition of these costs is an important rationale for men’s involvement in gender equality work. This publication discusses entry points and opportunities for engaging men in work on gender equality, focusing on issues of violence, health, fatherhood, the workplace and the need to engage youth. Strategies for and lessons learned from male engagement in these areas are presented, covering both modifying men's personal attitudes and behaviours; and mobilizing men to take action on the political, economic and social structures that maintain gender inequalities.

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Progress of the World’s Women 2008/2009: Who Answers to Women? Gender & Accountability

UNIFEM, 2008

This report shows that realising women’s rights and achieving the MDGs depends on strengthening accountability for commitments to women and gender equality. The report demonstrates that for women’s rights to translate into substantive improvements in their lives, and for gender equality to be realised in practice, women must be able to fully participate in public decision-making at all levels and hold those responsible to account when their rights are infringed or their needs ignored. The publication presents clear evidence that women’s empowerment and gender equality are drivers for reducing poverty, building food security, reducing maternal mortality, safeguarding the environment, and enhancing the effectiveness of aid.

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Mapping Aid Effectiveness and Gender Equality in Africa: Regional Issues and Trends

EC/UN Partnership on Gender Equality for Development and Peace, 2008

This report provides an overview of the issues and trends that emerged from mapping studies on aid effectiveness, gender equality and women’s empowerment in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia and Ghana. The findings point to increased government–donor cooperation in developing and supporting nationally owned development plans. At the same time, they indicate that these plans are not yet fully country-owned, and donors have not yet aligned support to national gender equality priorities. Challenges also remain with regards to the integration of gender equality plans in national development strategies and participation of gender equality advocates in discussions on aid delivery.

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Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

World Bank, FAO, and IFAD, 2008

Women play a vital role as agricultural producers and as agents of food and nutritional security. Yet relative to men, they have less access to productive assets such as land and services such as finance and extension. A variety of constraints impinge upon their ability to participate in collective action as members of agricultural cooperative or water user associations. In both centralized and decentralized governance systems, women tend to lack political voice.

Gender inequalities result in less food being grown, less income being earned, and higher levels of poverty and food insecurity. Agriculture in low-income developing countries is a sector with exceptionally high impact in terms of its potential to reduce poverty. Yet for agricultural growth to fulfil this potential, gender disparities must be addressed and effectively reduced.

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Gender Equality Now. Accelerating the Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals

UNIFEM, 2008

Attention to gender equality and women's empowerment are essential to enable countries and the international community to achieve the MDGs. This resource pack explores and makes recommendations on the actions needed to accelerate the achievement of the MDGs; the progress made so far and the backlogs on gender equality; and the costs of prioritizing gender equality as well as the costs of failing to do so

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Gender and Landmines - From Concept to Practice

Swiss Campaign to Ban Landmines - 2008

The relevance of gender has taken time to impose itself clearly to anti landmine programmers, decision-makers, implementers, donors, and stakeholders working in the area of mine action. The main treaties regulating general mine action activities (the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons and its additional Protocol II) are gender blind and do not explicitly discuss the different impact landmines can have on women, men, girls and boys. Moreover, mine action belongs to a traditional "masculine", technical sector, one of war and weapons, in which the relevance of gender might not appear clearly at first sight. This report, with five country profiles, examines how issues of gender might better be incorporated into mine action.

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Gender and Development: Media

Oxfam, Gender and Development, Volume 15, Number 3, November 2007

This volume of "Gender and Development" journal includes 10 chapters by experts on Gender and the Media.

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EC/UN Partnership on Gender Equality for Development and Peace

EC/UNIFEM/ITC-ILO, 2007

This brochure introduces the EC/UN Partnership on Gender Equality for Development and Peace, a joint initiative of the EC, UNIFEM and the ITC/ILO. The three-year programme (2007-2009) supports stronger action on gender equality and women's empowerment in national development processes and in cooperation programmes supported by the EC. The programme also includes a focus on effective implementation of UN Security Council resolution 1325, adopted in 2000 to mainstream gender equality and women's empowerment in responses to conflict and post-conflict situations. The programme is being implemented in 12 countries: Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Nicaragua, Papua New Guinea, Suriname, and the Ukraine.

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Gender policies for responsible fisheries. Policies to gender equity and livelihoods in small-scale fisheries

FAO, 2007

The aim of this policy brief is to: encourage policy-makers to address gender issues in fisheries; present experiences dealing with gender issues in fisheries to guide the development of gender policies; highlight strategies to improve the delivery of gender policies in small-scale and industrial fisheries and aquaculture. A holistic approach to gender analysis, focusing on gender relations throughout the fish supply chain is recommended, like the one adopted by the Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme (SFLP), which incorporates local gender action planning into its mainstreaming strategy, in a framework for action that spans different organizations and institutions located at micro, meso and macro-levels. Some suggestions for the development of effective gender policy are provided in the final section of the report.

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Gender and Indicators, 2007

Bridge Cutting Edge Pack, July 2007

What does a world without gender inequality look like? Realising this vision requires inspiring and mobilising social change. But what would indicate we are on the right track - and how will we know when we get there? Gender-sensitive indicators and other measurements of change are critical - for building the case for taking gender (in)equality seriously, for enabling better planning and actions, and for holding institutions accountable for their commitments on gender.

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Gender Mainstreaming in Practice: A Toolkit

UNDP, May 2007

The integration of a gender perspective into programming and policy-making - Gender Mainstreaming - has become a key priority of UNDP. Towards this end, this publication integrates a gender perspective into the analysis of work, home, and public life in order to improve policy-making and programming. It reflects the work of more than a 100 specialists, who have contributed their expertise to this collection of practical tools and guidelines, examples and illustrations. The toolkit targets public policy and development practitioners with varying levels of experience in this area; it also serves as a useful resource for NGOs and advocacy groups, students, project staff, gender specialists, and consultants.

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Revisiting gender training - the making and remaking of gender knowledge. A global source book

Royal Tropical Institute and Oxfam GB, 2007

Revising gender training is concerned with the thinking behind gender training and education rather than with day to day practice. It explores the explicit and implicit assumptions in gender training about the nature of knowledge (epistemology), about how knowledge is imparted (pedagogy) and about knowing (cognition). The book brings together case studies and analyses at country, regional and global level to look critically behind the practice. The contributors are gender specialists from different geographical regions: India, Uganda, the Machreq/Maghreb region, South Africa and the French-speaking world. An extensive and up-to-date bibliography of international (print and online) literature on the topic is included.

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Gender: The missing component of the response to climate change

FAO, 2006

Gender aspects have generally been neglected in international discussions and agreements on climate change. The authors see this as the result of a general preference for scientific and technological measures, rather than in policies which address behaviour and social differences. While poor people will face more difficulties in relation to climate change, women are generally more vulnerable to its impacts. In this brief report, the authors argue for the need to acknowledge gender differences, and the need to integrate gender in governments’ and organisations’ responses. On the basis of the key role which women have in development, these responses need to make sure that the effects of climate change do not further impoverish women.

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The State of the World's Children 2007 - Women and Children: The Double Dividend of Gender Equality

UNICEF, December 2006

This report examines the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives - and outlines what must be done to eliminate gender discrimination and empower women and girls. The report argues that investment in women's rights will ultimately produce a double dividend: advancing the rights of both women and children.

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Women, girls, boys and men, different needs - equal opportunities

IASC Gender Handbook in Humanitarian Action, December 2006

This handbook aims to provide actors in the field with guidance on gender analysis, planning and actions to ensure that the needs, contributions and capacities of women, girls, boys and men are considered in all aspects of humanitarian response. It also offers checklists to assist in monitoring gender equality programming. The guidelines focus on major cross-cutting issues and areas of work in the early response phase of emergencies. It is also useful to make sure that gender issues are included in needs assessments, contingency planning and evaluations. It can be used as a tool for mainstreaming gender as a cross-cutting issue.

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Gender and Health Policy and Practice. A Global Sourcebook

KIT Publishers and Oxfam UK, November 2006

How do current efforts aimed at improving women’s health contribute to achieving the Millennium goals? This is the question addressed by this publication, which offers insight into the influence of gender roles on the health of women and men. Particular attention is paid to health needs and rights, as well as to improving equal access to healthcare. Besides case studies from Malawi, Ethiopia, Argentina, South Africa and Brazil, the book also contains an extensive bibliography of summaries of printed and online publications.

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The Global Gender Gap Report 2006

World Economic Forum, 2006

This report measures the size of the gender gap in four critical areas of gender inequality, namely, economic participation, educational attainment, political empowerment and health and survival.

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Gender and law. Women's rights in agriculture

FAO Legislative Study No. 76 Rev. 1 Rome, 2006

This study analyses the gender dimension of agriculture-related legislation in a selection of different countries around the world, examining the legal status of women in three key areas: rights to land and other natural resources; rights of women agricultural workers; and rights concerning women's agricultural self-employment activities, ranging from women's status in rural cooperatives to their access to credit, training and extension services.

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Engaging men in gender equality: positive strategies and approaches - Overview and annotated bibliography

BRIDGE Bibliography 15, October 2006

Bibliography which provides an overview of literature, outlines strategies for change and explains the importance of involving men in development programs. Descriptions of books, papers, tools and training materials are divided into sections that cover men as partners against gender-based violence, strengthening men‚s resistance to violence and conflict, fostering constructive male involvement in sexual and reproductive health and rights, encouraging men‚s positive engagement as fathers and carers and promoting more gender equitable institutional cultures and practices within development organisations.

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The Other Half of Gender: Men's Issues in Development

The World Bank, June 2006

This book is an attempt to bring the gender and development debate full circle - from a much-needed focus on empowering women to a more comprehensive gender framework that considers gender as a system that affects both women and men. The chapters in the book explore definitions of masculinity and male identities in a variety of social contexts, drawing from experiences in Latin America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa.

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Incorporating Gender into your NGO

Network Learning, May 2006

This manual explains the basic concepts and definitions on gender, followed by 'what to do and how to do it', both within and outside your organization, in order to scan all aspects with a gender sensitive eye. The separate checklist "Gender Issues in the Project Cycle" is designed to be used in conjunction with the manual.

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