Agri-Environmental Statistics

Taking the pulse of the Planet, one Country at a time!

NEW FAOSTAT 2018 Temperature Change Data Released

Rome, 18 March 2019 - FAO releases today  the 2018 FAOSTAT Temperature Change data, developed jointly with NASA, showing that the global mean temperature change over land in 2018 was 1.19 ˚C (degrees Celsius), the fourth warmest on record. But for several countries, including FAO host nation Italy, 2018 was in fact the warmest year on record, with annual temperature 1.59 ˚C warmer than normal. Increases in air temperature associated with climate change threaten plant growth and yield, putting millions of farmers and communities at risk throughout the world, threatening countries’ food security, their ability to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development. [more]

News: SEEA Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Published!

Rome, 7 March 2018. FAO publishes today the White Cover Version of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (SEEA AFF). The SEEA AFF, led by FAO in coordination with UNSD, is the outcome of a transparent process, with wide involvement of member countries and the international statistical community. Initial work started in 2013, followed by two global consultations in 2013 and 2015. The final draft was submitted to the 47th Session of the UN Statistical Commission (UNSC) in March 2016. UNSC recognized the importance of developing dedicated environmental-economic accounts for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, especially as a tool towards supporting countries to implement the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, and requested the UN Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economic Accounting (UNCEEA) to support its finalization [more]

New FAO Report: Nitrogen Inputs to Agricultural Soils from Livestock Manure. New Statistics

Rome, 9 March 2018 - FAO releases today a new Report on the availability, distribution and use of livestock manure. Complementing the report is a new set of Livestock Manure statistics in FAOSTAT. The FAO Report and FAOSTAT statistics document for the first time, national, regional and global trends on the availability, treatment, application and loss of nitrogen in livestock manure. The data are based on country livestock statistics in FAOSTAT and apply the Tier 1 methodology of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. They show that global Nitrogen input to soils from manure production increased 66% since 1961 to 2016, while N input from chemical and mineral fertilizers had a seven-fold increase over the same period [more]


Global methane budget and recent trends

  • New analysis suggests that a likely explanation of the recent rapid rise in global methane concentrations is in large part driven by increased biogenic emissions mostly from agriculture, rather than increases from fossil fuels or wetlands
  • Unlike CO2, atmospheric methane concentrations are now rising faster than at any time in the past two decades and, since 2014, are approaching the most greenhouse-gas-intensive scenarios. The reasons for this increase are still debated.

Image result for red square Global methane budget 2000-2012

Image result for red square The Global Methane Budget: 2000-2012 in Earth System Science Data 

Did you know?

• 38 percent of the world land area is used for agriculture and... 31 percent of the world land area is forest
• The area of permanent crops nearly doubled from 1961 to 2014, reaching over 160 million ha
• The global forest area steadily declined in the past two decades, by nearly 5 million ha per year over the period
• The share of cattle in total livestock declined from 62 to 53 percent in the period 1961 –2014 while… the share of chickens increased from nearly 4 to 12 percent over the same period

Agri-Environmental Indicators 

Agri-Environmental Indicators (AEI) facilitate evidence-based decision making by helping to monitor environmental performance of agriculture activities, identifying critical trends in resource use and production activities.

The FAOSTAT Agri-Environmental Indicators were first released in 2011 in collaboration with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Eurostat. Based primarily on country statistics received by FAO from member countries, the FAOSTAT AEI’s extend the EUROSTAT and OECD set to worldwide coverage for those indicators common to the three organizations. New FAOSTAT AEIs further expand the original FAO-OECD-EUROSTAT set to include new climate-change relevant indicators, including AEI-Emissions by Sector, AEI-Emissions Intensities, AEI-Land Cover and AEI-Temperature Change.

The FAOSTAT domains AEI-Fertilizers; AEI-Land Use; AEI-Livestock Patterns; AEI-Pesticides and AEI-Emissions Intensities were revised in 2017, providing longer time series, automatically updated using the most recent FAOSTAT data. New domains on AEI-Land Cover and AEI-Temperature Change are based by contrast on external geospatial products, developed in cooperation with ESA and NASA, respectively.

FAOSTAT AEIs data provide useful information to member countries for policy-relevant analyses at national, regional and global level on key agricultural trends linked to environment. Support towards development of specific SDGs indicators is provided under the AIE-Land Use domain, which includes estimates of 15.1.1, share of forest area in total country area, and AEI-Land Cover, which provides estimates useful for the Land Cover sub-component of 15.3.1 Proportion of Land that is degraded.

The FAOSTAT AEI Indicators are aligned with international statistical standards such as the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting and the Framework for the Development of Environmental Statistics.

The FAO Agri-environmental dataset currently includes the following indicators and supporting indicators:

 Air & Climate Change (ammonia emissions from agriculture)
 Energy (use in agriculture and bio-energy production)
 Fertilizers (use in cropland area)
 Land Use (shares of land uses in land, agricultural and forest areas)
 Land Cover
• Livestock Patterns (stocks, density and share)
• Pesticides (use in cropland area)
• Soil (erosion, degradation and carbon)
• Water (withdrawal for agriculture)
• Emissions by sector (emissions and shares by sector and gas)
• Emissions intensities (GHG emissions intensity per agricultural commodity)
Temperature change

Basic datasets

FAO Statistics carries out regular collection and dissemination of statistics on land use; production, trade and use of fertilizers; production and consumption for major pesticides groups (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, plant growth regulators and rodenticides) and seed treatments.

GHG emissions from agriculture
As countries become more accountable for reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, demand for data and information from a diverse stakeholder community grows. One such need is for the annual inventories of GHG emissions and removals related to agriculture, which countries submit periodically to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The data required for this reporting present a unique challenge to inventory compilers, especially from developing countries, because of the lack of national data and technical capacity to monitor, collect and analyse relevant information.

FAO has developed a global inventory on greenhouse gas emissions from all agriculture sectors, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Department. The default IPCC/UNFCCC Tier 1 methodology is applied to derive estimates of GHG emissions associated with each activity, which is a key deliverable of the Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MAGHG) Project, funded by Germany and Norway and part of the Natural Resources Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture Programme (MICCA) at FAO. The dataset is based on input data from FAOSTAT and the Forest Resource Assessment (FRA) data on agriculture and land-use change activities officially reported by countries.

Agri-Environmental Indicators
Agri-Environmental Indicators (AEI) are key tools to monitor the environmental performance of agriculture and track trends in the environmental impacts, as well as to provide policy makers and citizens with useful information to assess the effects of the integration of environmental concerns into policy measures.

The statistics division will soon be launching the AEI database, which follows the OECD and EUROSTAT frameworks in order to gain from the theoretical background already developed by these institutions. The new dataset will extend the geographical coverage to all FAO member countries, based on the availability of information.

The FAO Agri-Environmental dataset currently includes 17 indicators described by 59 data series, which monitor a variety of domains: air and climate, land, fertilizers, pesticides, livestock, soil, water, and energy. It is organised into driving forces, pressure, state, and responses. Data and derived indicators come from FAOSTAT, other FAO databases, as well as from other international organizations according to the different fields.

Basic datasets
FAO Statistics carries out regular collection and dissemination of statistics on land use; production, trade and use of fertilizers; production and consumption for major pesticides groups (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, plant growth regulators and rodenticides) and seed treatments.


    Senior Statistician

    Team Leader

    Environmental Statistics