in Lamwo district of Northern Uganda, sesame is majorly grown in plots that were fallowed the previous year(s) as such plots have high organic matter content and thus high fertility. This practice however limits the elderly from participating in sesame production (yet it is among the major income generating crops) because farmers have to go far from homesteads (an average of about 6 Km) to access the fallowed or virgin plots. An elderly farmer asked me how they could improve the fertility of the plots around the homesteads so that they are able to use them for sesame production. I would love to get views and experiences from colleagues on this issue.
Robert Okello Omach
Agricultural Development Officer
Mercy Corps Uganda.
The most widely recognized function of soil is its support for food production. It is the foundation for agriculture and the medium in which nearly all food-producing plants grow. In fact, it is estimated that 95% of our food is directly or indirectly produced on our soils. Healthy soils supply the essential nutrients, water, oxygen and root support that our food-producing plants need to grow and flourish. Soils also serve as a buffer to protect delicate plant roots from drastic fluctuations in temperature.
Ensuring food safety is a public health priority, and an essential step to achieving food security. Effective food safety and quality management systems are key not only to safeguarding the health and well-being of people but also to fostering economic development and improving livelihoods by promoting access to domestic, regional and international markets